• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Was the Tsarist Political System? To What Extent Had It Changed By 1914?

Extracts from this document...


What Was the Tsarist Political System? To What Extent Had It Changed By 1914?

The Tsarist political system before 1914 was very much similar to those of old feudal systems in medieval England. Much of this was due to the position of the Tsar within Russia. The autocracy that the Tsar held onto was built on the belief that the Tsars authority was descended from God. This made him answerable only to God which resulted in the Tsar being able to make all decisions and hire and fire advisors at will. It was the complete opposite to today’s system in which power lies with the electorate, and the executive is given authority by the people. Which means that at any time the legal power held by the people can be taken away if they are dissatisfied with the elected politicians. The consequences of the Tsars position were that there was no popular opposition to the Tsar and no political parties. In fact any threatening opposition was quelled by exiling people to Siberia and maintaining fear of speaking out. It can look as if the Tsar was more a dictator than a monarch.

...read more.


The inefficiency of the system was also present in the economy. It mainly was rooted in agriculture, which was sustenance farming. A limited craft industry existed as demand was not high. This was partly due to people not being given education so they could pursue any type of career, and farming was all they could do to survive. The Tsar could not afford to allow new ideas to spread by people improving there minds and circumstances – this might pose some threat to his status. The society of Russia also maintained this as land was owned by a small percentage of aristocracy, with 80% of the population peasants. Most of these were tenant farmers, serfs, whose lives were completely controlled by their masters.

Now we have seen how the Tsarist system was compared to our modern systems, we can assess ho it had changed by 1914. Yet it can be seen that these changes were just cosmetic. Alexander II was famed for being a reformer in which he mainly emancipated the Serfs in 1861. Yet this freedom they gained was flawed since the Tsar needed to compensate the landowners who lost land and money.

...read more.


Universities were controlled severely as the Tsar still feared unrest and new ideas from student organisations. For example in 1861 universities temporarily closed because of student unrest. Secondary education syllabuses were government controlled and restricted mainly to the wealthy as fees needed to be paid.

Censorship was also rife in Russia to further stop the transmission of new ideas to the public. Alexander III strongly increased censorship after the assassination of his father. He formed a secret police, the Okhrana and led a drive to ‘Russianify’ the country. This involved anti-Jewish pogroms and moving people to certain places in the country.

In conclusion it is clear that the Tsarist system was on a slippery slope. The Tsars knew from other countries experience that autocracy would crumble. I think that Alexander II tried to reform the system to bring the country up to date yet retain autocracy. However it could not happen as censorship made people uneducated and stopped the industry progressing. I think the Tsars after him tenuously held onto power by controlling the population in every aspect of life yet they tightened their grip so the country burst into revolution.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Computer Science section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Computer Science essays

  1. Information systems development literature review. Since the 1960s Methodologies, Frameworks, Approaches and CASE ...

    Comparisons of systems development methodologies and techniques are concise and informative. Integrity is conveyed through the research provided commonalities between other papers found when explaining methodologies. Usefulness: Outlining the Business Environment and its involvement with the development of IT projects is essential concept to grasp as humans thinking is behind all Information System development.

  2. Implementation of Path Finding Techniques in Homeland Security Robots

    BFS first considers all paths of length 1, then all paths of length 2, and so on. This is why it is called "breadth-first". Figure 2.3 shows how BFS works. Figure 2.3: Order of expansion of the nodes in the Breadth-first search Depth-first search(DFS)


    It just won't happen. 4. Total Organizational Commitment: Every person in every operation within the organization is attuned to quality. It is as important in marketing and finance as it is in design and engineering. Administration, human resources management, sales, and every other part of the organization must key to quality.

  2. So in order to understand what the main areas where organisation should be aware ...

    field values in the scanned packets. If all the incoming packets TTL values have the same value, it is likely that they were generated in the same "factory". If the attacker is using nmap intrusion detection systems cannot use this method since nmap generates random TTL fields between 51-65.

  1. The purpose of this project is to discuss the issues associated with the deployment ...

    The WAP specification has been designed to encourage easy, open interoperability between its key components. Any solution component built to be compliant with the WAP specification can interoperate with any other WAP-compliant component. Service providers can choose equipment and software from multiple WAP- compliant vendors, selecting each piece of the solution that is appropriate for the service provider's particular needs.

  2. To what extent has the German electoral system shaped its party system and the ...

    So the FDP has always been by far the smaller of the three main groupings. It is interesting to note that this system gives a great deal of power to the FDP, because it is essentially they who decide which of the other parties will be able to form a government.

  1. The modernization of contemporary China began in 1978, immediately after the catastrophe of the ...

    The tests were of great success: from 1978 to 1984, grain production had increased by 45%.7 The price of the food is no longer determined by the state, instead the price is determined by the free market. The market system allows the peasants to know what goods are in need

  2. In this report, we explain and discuss the issues that would have to be ...

    That's one person every 15 minutes, 26,000 people per year. [1] Therefore, no further motivation is required to choose this domain as our project topic. Clearly, this domain effects far more lives than the other three choices we had, and the preservation of human life is far more important than anything else.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work