• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways does Italian Neorealism influence modern filmmaking practices?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In what ways does Italian Neorealism influence modern filmmaking practices? Italy went through some of the biggest changes in its history in the early 20th century, around the time of war. Benito Mussolini founded the Fascist Party in 1919 and by 1924 he had already come to power and his dictatorship was in place. The fascist regime was accepted by many, but there were still a significant group of people who were against it. The fascists began using film as a propaganda tool, making the Italian film industry heavily censored and controlled. Movies known as "white-telephone" films would be sentimental melodramas, or historical epics. Films supported by the regime were funded by the national bank, and were escapist vehicles, made to deflect the audience's attention from the real issues of the day. The cinema industry was centralized, as the realities of fascist Italy were not shown from the biggest film studio, Cinecitta. However, Italian Neorealist cinema soon developed as many young new directors became keen to explore their own ideas, when the fall of fascism came in 1943. The new filmmakers wanted to create new depictions of life in post-war Italy, which mainly deals with issues of social inequality, and the emphasis on the every day man: the individual. ...read more.

Middle

Taxi Driver has this, with Travis being almost a narrator figure who tells us his story. INR techniques such as this have not only reached Italian-American directors like Scorsese, but even Brazilian filmmaker Fernando Meirelles, director of "City of God". The fluid camerawork, emphasis on realism, and main character narrator is typical of 'new-wave' films and Italian Neorealism. The handheld camera is used very often in City of God, seemingly to make it more documentary-style and realistic. This is one of the core qualities of INR films, so there could definitely be an influence there. Of course, as City of God is a very fast-paced film, it could be argued that the handheld camera was used merely for convenience. Also, City of God is just so slick and polished that it could be argued that this deters from the realism of the picture and relies too much on shocking the audience to hold enough weight as a realistic depiction of life at the time. The use of location shooting makes this film more believable however, and is also a characteristic of INR films, such as Rome Open City. Rome Open City was shot mainly on the streets of Rome and in blown out buildings, which gave it a sense of authenticity and this is the same with City of God, which was shot on location in South America. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another similarity seen in the film is the use of long takes, lasting for lengths up to a few minutes. This is most noticeable in the hideout room where the camera is fixed to the ceiling watching the characters. Conversational dialogue, along with improvisation is also another key link to Italian Neorealism that can be made. This is evident in A Bout De Souffle when in the diner the characters appear to switch between French and English. This intent on disorientating the audience is typical of French New Wave films. French New Wave does have certain stylistic techniques also seen in Italian Neorealism films, where techniques such as long takes and location shooting could have been used more as a result of the low budgets rather than experimentation. Of course, the ultimate similarity between the two movements is their non-reliance on Hollywood techniques and ambition to create an original national cinema. It seems that the Italian Neorealist movement has influenced many different filmmakers across the globe. Different techniques have been used to different effects, and INR essentially began the movement to create films that are original and stand out from regular Hollywood films. All of the different developments of Italian Neorealism (e.g. French New Wave, Italian-American, Brazillian) can only be a good thing for countries wanting to make a definitive national cinema for themselves. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Film Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Film Studies essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Filmmaking of Quentin Tarantino

    3 star(s)

    The camera still follows him until he is about to open the door, and then cuts to his shaky hand about to turn the key. He opens the door quickly, and proceeds to put poptarts in the toaster, which serves as a distraction for the audience in their heightened suspense.

  2. To what extent does the Dogme 95 'movement' challenge the conventional aesthetics of film ...

    At this point in the film, Karen has shunned Halfinn's romantic advances after overhearing the disparaging comments he made about her alcoholic mother in a previous sequence, however, in a darkened tunneled alleyway, with the only natural light appearing as the natural daylight at the end of the tunnel, Halfinn apologises to Karen and their love is rekindled.

  1. Film Essay - Martin Scorsese.

    Finally, the most obvious trait of all, which is to such brute proportions that could only be achieved in such an effective manner by Scorsese and perhaps Quentin Tarantino, is the violence. The sheer excessiveness of someone getting beaten to death with a baseball bat in all three of the

  2. Taxi Driver (1976).

    Travis claims not to be a "pusher" yet admits to repeatedly phoning Betsy until she agrees to go on a second date. This reveals to the audience Travis's self-destructive tendencies as he loathes his contradicting side. Paul Schrader, the writer of Taxi Driver, in an interview in Hollywood Cinema, comments

  1. Discuss the particular stylistic and thematic strategies of early expressionist cinema and explore the ...

    It has been suggested that the visual style of film noir was largely due to the arrival of German film making talent in Hollywood in the 1930's. Billy wilder went on to write the famously well known 'double indemnity' and Fritz Lang wrote 'kameradschaft'.

  2. To What Extent are Tarantino and Scorsese considered auteurs?

    For example in Jackie Brown in the sequence where we are introduced to Bridget Fonda's character, Melanie, we see her feet first and often when she is talking the camera is focused largely on her feet. Also in Pulp Fiction, there is conversation about feet, as the two main characters,

  1. An explanation of neorealism and an insight to the films of Federico Fellini - ...

    Cinema's task was no longer simply to entertain, but to confront audiences with their own reality, to analyse that reality, and to unite audiences through a shared confrontation with reality. Frank Burke has said, For Zavattini, realism entailed an extremely objective, reportorial method, one that approached the pure recording of reality without formative intrusion on the part of the director.

  2. European cinema - major movements, directors and films.

    bodies marked as irredemiably?foreign?, bodies that allegedly endanger the tranquillity of the nation, are increasingly popular ? (Falcon, Sight and Sound) For instance, Sitcom mix the comedy and tragedy. Legacy of movement in terms of subsequent films People regarded French Mavericks as a special genre.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work