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University Degree: Paper-based media studies

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  1. Chocolate vs Vanilla

    Body: Main Point A.: Chocolate is delicious and good for your health. * Antioxidants found in dark chocolate can help your heart by lowering blood pressure and preventing heart disease and diabetes. Contrary to popular belief, saturated fats found in chocolate have no adverse effect on cholesterol levels. (Ingall, Marjorie, cnn) * Chocolate promotes brain health by increasing blood flow to the brain; improves memory and fights memory loss (Ingall, Marjorie, cnn) * Stimulates metabolism with the chemical theobromine and small amounts of caffeine (Smith, HJ; Gaffan, EA; Rogers, PJ, pubmed).

    • Word count: 934
  2. Zygmunt Bauman. Bauman, in his book, highlights the most impossible thing, to find real meaning of the elimination process in both programs Big Brother and The Weakest Link. Baumans Dread of Death focuses only on the process of evicti

    Bauman, in his book, highlights the most impossible thing, to find real meaning of the elimination process in both programs 'Big Brother' and 'The Weakest Link'. Bauman's 'Dread of Death' focuses only on the process of eviction, which is unavoidable, every contestant faces eviction. Bauman writes that every person is an individual and 'the whole point is that you do not need to do 'something' 'to deserve' the eviction' (Bauman 2006: 24). 'The Weakest Link' is a program in which the teamwork is an illusion.

    • Word count: 642
  3. Myth of co parenting

    To finish, I will compare and contrast the two texts and explain: where do my sympathies lie? Hope Edelman looks at the realities of marriage and imbalanced parenting roles in her article "The Myth of Co-Parenting." Edelman uses her own marriage to reveal the unexpected difficulties that married couples experience when trying to share responsibilities of working and raising a family. The author explains the challenges of striking a balance between a married couple in the home and at work. She shares how she always imagined that she and her husband would work during the day and share household chores.

    • Word count: 906
  4. Why did the Whitechapel murders attract so much attention in 1888?

    The location of the murders attracted greater public attention than other areas of London, because of the press coverage and exaggeration, which made Whitechapel feared. Another reason could be that Whitechapel is a poor area and people didn't have anything to give, so what could Jack the ripper gain from murdering, this puzzled people making them more interested. The nature of the crimes also attracted more attention; all 5 women were killed by a slash from ear to ear. 3 of the five women had their skirts pulled up suggesting the murders were of a sexual nature and sex was taboo at that time.

    • Word count: 668
  5. Why did the White chapel murders attract so much attention in 1888?

    The majority of female Whitechapel residents were disrespected prostitutes and the East End became known as the home of the unemployed. The Ripper cases were seen as the first ever serial killer and so immediately attracted a lot of attention; during the 18th century serial murders were unheard of, no one had ever seen or heard about such violent and gruesome attacks so everyone wanted to know more. However, the main cause of so much attention towards the murderers was the press at the time.

    • Word count: 685
  6. Currie, David P. The Constitution in Congress: The Federalist Period 1789 -1801. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

    Dumbauld, Edward. The Declaration of Independence and What it Means Today. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1950 In this book the author presents the historical and political events and circumstances which accompanied the adoption of the Declaration of Independence and marked the end of British authority over the American Colonies,2 and analyzes the extend to which adoption of this document has influenced further growth and development of the United States. Dumbauld also compares the philosophy of American and English governments and as appendixes presents The Dunlap Broadside of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson's Preamble to Virginia Constitution Or Form of Government, English Bill of Rights and Virginia Bill of Rights.

    • Word count: 839
  7. Textual Assignment

    The third and final section is written from another characters point of view, this being the character of Mr Stevenson, this section runs through until the end of the article. In the first section, the introduction, the main points of the article are all summarized to give the reader an understanding about what the article is about and whether it interests them. This introduction introduces the article, the basic story and gives the reader a good impression of what it is about.

    • Word count: 814
  8. Coursework Assignment 1: Author Profile (Shani Mootoo) Shani MootooShani Mootoo was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1958 and raised in Trinidad. At age nineteen she migrated

    Shani said that she gravitated toward visual arts most of her life. A victim of child abuse, she was told to never speak of it, so she found it safer to express herself using pictures instead of words and described her art as "trying to find out what the purpose of life is, wondering why certain things that happened to me as a child could be permitted to happen, and why the universe would allow such a child to survive...it's about what

    • Word count: 627
  9. "Do We Want To Follow New York& Be Smoke- Free"?

    and has a daily circulation in excess of 424,000 and an estimated readership of 1 million. The paper also comes with a supplement four times a week and Metro Life on a Thursday which contains all the information concerning what is happening in London for the forthcoming week in relation to cinema, clubbing and the arts. The general readership is made up of commuters as the paper has its own newsstands set up around the capital as well as sellers at traffic lights and around train and underground stations. The content is generally specific to its audience as it regularly reports on London issues and prides itself on this and utilises it as a selling point.

    • Word count: 921
  10. Communications Bill (Nov 2002) and its Effects on the Press.

    The feeling is that, with Ofcom being a government regulatory body and therefore working closely with them, the government now has the freedom to control everything that goes out in newspapers to their favour, therefore making it impossible for any paper with an anti-Labour stance, or any paper that chooses to disagree with them in the future, to do so publicly through their own newspapers. The government, however, more notably Culture secretary Tessa Jowell who helped devise the bill, state that the regulatory body is only there in the case of newspapers to advise the Secretary of State in the event of any mergers, and would not have any control over the editorial content of what the newspapers publish.

    • Word count: 800
  11. The content analysis, which I preformed, is based on twenty magazine articles.

    Gender plays a vital role in the representation of the familiar, the desirable and the "real" in popular media culture. As an integral part of this culture, the world of advertising plugs into gender representations in particular and often very interesting ways in order to locate its products within the world as perceived by its intended viewers. Several famous Hollywood actresses and performers have been seen on many magazine covers displaying their nipples and cleavages.

    • Word count: 590
  12. Describe what is meant by the term 'moral panic', using your own words as far as possible - Cite at least one example of a 'moral panic'.

    The notion of a moral panic attempts to understand such claims. Stanley Cohen used the notion of moral panic whilst examining the disturbances between the mods and the rockers' in Clacton in 1964. In his view the media reaction was excessive, generating widespread public concern and causing the authorities to react stronger in later incidents and ultimately fuelling the original problem. The initial clashes between mods and rockers' in 1964 were relatively small. The press arrived the following day and proceeded to interview participants and members of the public.

    • Word count: 750
  13. Thought Control - How the Media Decides What is Important.

    Why? Well, simply because the media companies are not covering these wars. I agree that media companies should deliver the stories that are most relevant to their subscribers, but then, does this not turn into a matter of delivering only the news their subscribers want to hear, and what the media companies want them to hear, not what is really happening. Moreover, it is just na�ve not to believe that the executives behind the scenes of these gigantic media conglomerates are not constantly in discussion with national heads of state about the content that should and should not be published or aired.

    • Word count: 788
  14. In the light of a number of recent high profile complaints about invasion of privacy, critically assess whether or not the UK press should continue to be self-regulating.

    As Chippendale and Horrie put it, Hillsborough was "an unparalleled journalistic disaster" for the Sun. Such incidents amassed many complaints against the press, however there was no official regulatory body or formal codes of practice. The Press Council, which was established in 1953, had the aim to "maintain high ethical standards of journalism and promote press freedom" (www.pcc.org.uk/students/info3.htm). However, it was soon criticised for its ineffectiveness in dealing with certain complaints as it had no statutory power and no money.

    • Word count: 988
  15. 'Fireworks and a number twenty-two' - Commentary.

    This is a method I decided to adopt in order for my audience to relate to my character by exploring the commonality of experiences, which provides the audience with a comical reassurance of their everyday lifestyle. An example of this can be seen in my article; 'I rushed through the ever-growing crowd of people, who incidentally all seemed to be heading in the totally opposite direction to me, in a bid to catch my bus.' Theories indicate that audiences' posses the need for reinforcement of self-understanding and indulgence, thus they find comfort in the media and compare their own lives to those portrayed in pieces such as this.

    • Word count: 955
  16. Discussing slogans.

    " Sorry, No McDonalds" This advertisement use minor sentence, stress , colloquialism technique. It use easy slogan. It also make people think about holiday. The target is high income people. I would place this advertisement in high quality magazine or billboard. "IN CASE OF EMERGENCY" This advertisement is the advertise of Hershey chocolate. It use Colloquialism technique , Graphological thick. It means that when there's a problem this can save you. After you eat this you will be happy.

    • Word count: 549
  17. Poor people.

    that was killed while he was working, (for certain reasons he has climbing a tree and fell down) doing one of his jobs, and this was one of their paragraph where we can see how they refer to this man that was saving to buy his own house: "Morse, who owned his own landscaping business as well as working at the Home Deport store in Danvers, had been working on a new family home in Hamilton, and was only a month away from moving in, according to family members."1 Like this article I read many, who described situation of people that had a low paid job.

    • Word count: 607
  18. Should the Press be completely free?

    In other words, it is a mouthpiece of the state - nothing more. In most democratic countries the press has a certain measure of freedom. I can raise its voice against the government and in fact can belong wholly to an opposition party and attack the government of the day, as long as it keeps within the law. Herein lies the catch: It is the government which decides what the law is. If one follows this lien of argument, what may happen is that the press's freedom can be curbed by just passing new laws.

    • Word count: 733
  19. Press freedom and censorship are flipsides of the same coin - Which side should be applicable, given the focus of newspapers today?

    The British Guardian newspaper reported that the US Defense Department has spent millions of dollars to prevent western media from seeing highly accurate photographs, taken by privately owned satellites, which show the effects of the bombing. While censorship of the press may be necessary to prevent negative mindset, the newspaper should not shield realities, which affect the global community at large, and thus, press freedom should be exercised as opposed to censorship. Freedom of the press allows for social stability by providing the truth of what occurs in society.

    • Word count: 821
  20. How far should people's privacy be protected from the press?

    how to handle the press in their own way. Each star receives a varying amount of press attention in their life and usually music celebrities are more hounded than film personalities simply because they appear in added mediums separate from their music. Whereas a film star is in the actual movie and a select few interviews, musicians can be found on records, in music videos, in interviews, and at live performances and award shows. This increases the press intrusion into their lives.

    • Word count: 621

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Are The Media Racist? Discuss using appropriate examples with particular reference to Pilger's concept of 'unpeople'.

    "In conclusion, I don't think it would be fair to brand the media as Racist. A far more appropriate term would be Eurocentric; a way of thinking about 'us' and 'them' inherited from the days British colonialism and imperialism in a vain attempt to perpetuate some form of power relationship. Within the field, there may well be media institutions that are racist but the majority of the main stream outlets fall in to the above category. That doesn't mean to say that it is right. A bias to the national cause is only natural, and shouldn't be discouraged but a serious investigation should be undertaken to look at how ethnic minorities and non-western countries are represented in the media and how they could be represented more accurately. Not only does it insult those represented unfavourably but it also insults the intelligence of those who read and believe these 'half-baked' stories."

  • How Does the Media Source News and How is it Selected? To What Extent is News Constructed?

    "Summing up, we can come to the conclusion that when writing and editing news, there are a lot of important factors to bear in mind that are essential for the achieving of a successful publication The magnitude, significance and way of portraying a story or event, determinate whether the aims of triumphing among the exigent public and its demands have been fulfilled. The structure of news and its construction are primordial requirements that need to be carefully situated. Susana Corona Cruz 1"

  • Assess whether the Northcliffe Revolution is a useful way of understanding developments in the UK press in the period 1890-1930?

    "In conclusion it is my opinion that the 'Northcliffe Revolution' is a justified angle to proceed from if there is a need to understand the developments of the British press in the period 1890-1930. Northcliffe's contribution to the history of the press is not one of journalistic nature. He was the master of forward thinking. His greatest contribution to the press of his period was to finally modernize it economically. He didn't radically reform journalism; he more simply adapted it to fit in with his designs of a contemporary press industry. Jean Chalaby (Chalaby: 2000: 28) defined his influence well when she described Northcliffe's contribution as being one that; "...is not as a journalist but as a press owner who had an extraordinary understanding of the implications of journalism for the daily press. He applied and developed journalistic practices more than he invented them. He brought the daily newspaper into the 20th century and modernised journalism in the process...""

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