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University Degree: Paper-based media studies
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Roelofse(1995: 50) quotes McQuail in saying that this theory [Authoritarianism] explains systems in all counties where there is no true independence for journalists and where the latter are forced to submit to more or less absolute government control. He goes on to say that censorship and the punishment of those who deviate from external press policies/guidelines, which are usually politically/ideologically aligned. "The theory is reflected in legislation, direct state control, enforceable codes of conduct, the use of taxation and other forms of economic sanctions, controlled import/export of foreign media material, the right of the government to appoint editorial staff, and so forth".
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system of exploitative control of people and resources exists to an extent, as it describes the cultural dominance of western societies; however there is a trend towards globalization in the media and the news. According to Featherstone (1990) 'Globalisation is defined to exclude domination, cultural control and social revolution.'4 Contributing to this is 'the increase in the number of international agencies and institutions, the increasing global forms of communication, the acceptance of unified global time, the development of standard notions of citizenship, rights and conception of human kind.
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Assess whether the Northcliffe Revolution is a useful way of understanding developments in the UK press in the period 1890-1930?
It was Northcliffe's entrepreneurial desire to achieve this target that led to the Daily Mail reaching a circulation of just a few thousand under 1 million readers at 989,000 (Williams: 1998: 56). But this would not have been possible if not for the mass use of advertising within his publication. Advertising During the period of 1890-1930 the print based press undoubtedly developed financially. As is understandable the costs in order to produce a publication such as a daily newspaper rose considerably.
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Overcoming Cultural Obstacles: the use of imagery and syntax for the creation of a connection with the reader
Space, in terms of mental guidelines, finds itself existing as the windows through which an individual defines, perceives, and understands the world around them. This plays a vital role in the life of any individual, yet takes on a predominant focus when one discuses the lives and existence of a minority or any cultural exile. This defines any person or persons living in a culture and/or society bearing any form of self-definition not matching that of the individual. When this phenomenon occurs a state of double consciousness emerges - a dual existence in which an individual must integrate the values of their own cultural perception along with those of the host society in which they find themselves (Kosslyn 453).
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One magazine which used to be produced for the school called the Rakess Update which did outline some reviews and cinema interests, but it was unprofessional, and did not contain a great deal of information useful to teenagers and other ages and was not up to date so after a while the magazine was cancelled and a school web-site was made instead. The Rakess Update to be able to be more successful it needed: * Better Promotion * More Organisation * More Efficiency * More Communication If these things were added to this magazine then the students would have preferred it and it would be have been a lot more successful and popular.
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Media ownership is highly concentrated in Japan. There are five large media conglomerates, which are based around the five big national newspapers Yomiuri, Asahi, Mainichi, Nihon Keizai and Sankei. Many of these papers are still held by decedents of the founders, and as foreigners are barred by law from playing any substantial role in media ownership in Japan, the Big Five are mostly owned by family, top-management and banks. Clustered around the newspapers are the five commercial TV networks in Tokyo, forming five media groups such as the Fujisankei Communication Group.
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This paper examines the influence that media has on adolescent females feelings towards their place in society, sexuality, self-esteem and body image.
Adolescent girls are more apt to experience decreased feeling of attractiveness and self-esteem. Girls are more likely to feel ashamed and distressed by the - 1 - ________________ changes in their body and appearance. They become more insecure and self-aware of the changes that occur. Boys, however, find the progression of adolescence to be a more positive and reassuring time. They tend to experience improved feelings of body satisfaction and self-assurance. While both are increasing in size and changing in shape, boys welcome this change and girls dread it. Adolescence is a time of extreme introspection.
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