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University Degree: Television & Radio Studies
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Is genre a useful way of analysing television? The norms and conventions that are found in texts that have expectations and audiences understanding are linked by theorists to genre. In this respect genre seeks to explain how audiences categorize what t
Each genre portrays a constant worldview that forms the way we think about our world. "The study of genre has been carried out in relation to television using approaches and terms deriving from the study of genre in film, literature and other cultural forms" (Bignell Jonathan, Television studies, 2004, p 124). This is appropriate since some of the most established television genres derive from types found in other media. For example, the soap genre began in radio broadcasting, where characters were formed by focusing on their relationships and this notion was targeted to mainly a female audience.
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Some of the key events and brands that Angel Music Group have been responsible for include; Global Gathering, Godskitchen, Escape into the Park and Air Nightclub. The Angel Music Group stamp also travels overseas with events not only regularly being produced in the UK but across the globe with; Unites States, South America, Russia, Europe, Australia, Asia and South Africa. Due to the brands initial success in the international market, Mama Group Plc bought a 70% stake in Angel Music Group for �2.625 million in 2008, in hopes to increase its exposure in the international music market.
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The working class are usually interpreted as people who earn very little money for long hard work or in some cases people who would live off benefits. The people who were categorised into this class are considered to be at the bottom of the capitalist system who don't own any means to production. Employees' (working class) earnings never depended simply upon the prevailing wage rate; they depended upon the hours that workers were able, and willing, to work. It is also easy to fall into the error that wage earnings comprised working people's sole source of income.
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How BBC World(TM)s World News Today and CNN International(TM)s World News Asia produces their evening news shows
Methodology Two steps will be taken in order to investigate how editorials produce shows and the relationship with viewers; the first involves analyzing the news coverage of both channels for a week and the second involves interviews with journalists from the channels. I will observe the evening news broadcast at 8pm for both BBC World's "World News Today" and CNN International's "World News Asia" from Monday 5 November 2007 to Friday 9 November 2007. Comparing five days of coverage should be an adequate sample for spotting trends and drawing analysis of how each channel produces their shows.
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With the images showing people wading through water and graphics of thousands in the superdome without food or water supplies and left without any sort of security leaving them to be in danger. These are part of the reasons of which this event made international news. This event is one that will not be forgotten and will be remembered by many victims who had loved ones or were personally involved themselves. By having Hurricane Katrina destroying a city and devastating years of memories, this is what is classified as a humanitarian disaster.
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'In attempting to understand the making of meanings in contemporary media cultures, should our focus be on forms of representation in media output or on practices of media use in day-to-day life?'
of seeing the world onto subordinated groups, in this case the audiences, which leads to the acceptance of their promoted ideology as 'common sense' and 'natural' (Alvarado and Boyd-Barrett, 1992:51). Alongside the concerns of autonomy, hegemony and power in media production which Hesmondhalgh (2006) and Garnham (1990) address, there exists numerous theories and media effects models to describe and explain the ways in which media output is hypothesized to influence and exert power over its audiences and subsequently facilitate the meanings derived from media output within people's lives.
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Critically consider the relationship between the media and dance music culture in Britain after its take-off in 1987
It was a holiday they will never forget, for when they were there, they experienced a completely new culture. They discovered that, unlike Thatcherite Britain, (that was currently suffering a depression) Ibiza had everything only dreams were made of; sunlight, and two new materials dance music combined with ecstasy, and if they could not bring home with them the sunshine they made it their jobs to bring the other two.'1 Jonny Walker, part of that group explained 'it was really such a genuine, wonderful experience that we'd had that we all wanted to bring that back and share it with other people...we wanted to do go on and on and on.'
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This plan became reality when the BBC was granted it's first Royal Charter from the government in 1927 which defined the corporations 'objectives, powers and obligations' The BBC's Royal Charter is handed down by the government of the period The criteria contained in the Charter relates to what is expected of the BBC. This is reviewed every ten years. The next Royal Charter renewal is 2006. The BBC is headed by a Board of Governors, these 12 governors act as trustees of the public interest and regulate the BBC. They are appointed by the Queen on advice from government ministers.
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Also there resources will stay in-house, and they can easily control the schedule of their programmes without waiting for other company to do their job in behave of them. o Dropping costs: BBC can shrink the huge costs of baying the peogrammes, if they keeping producing there own ones, because the equipments, staff and locations, for the production process which already they own can reduces the cost in case of any production. by using them time after time to produce many of programmes as thy can, which will suit there audiences.
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Construct a Defence of Public Service Broadcasting based on its role in reflecting national identity. What drawbacks does this approach to P.S.B have?
In 1985, the Broadcasting Research Unit drew up eight main principles of Public Service Broadcasting. The main beliefs were that broadcast programmes should cater for the whole population of the United Kingdom, no matter where they lived, or what their interests. It is also stipulated that minority groups should be provided with programming, particularly disadvantaged groups such as the deaf. Broadcasting would be funded by the mass public, through the simple payment scheme of the TV license. Not only does the universality of payment mean that everyone would pay the same amount for receiving the same service, but it would
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"By most criteria the main significance of football in contemporary British society is as a television show" Discuss Steve Wagg's view of the relationship between football and TV in the period from c.1960.
With this increase of televised football have come huge developments in the methods of presentation and analysis. 1964 saw the first broadcast of the BBC's 'Match of the Day' starting the long running tradition of the Saturday evening highlights show that has become a staple element of a fan's access to football. Although there are now numerous programmes produced by different broadcasters, comparison of this pioneering show to today's alternative, ITV's 'The Premiership', presents definite evidence of football's development as a television show. Merely comparing the opening credits of the two shows highlights major differences, most notably the speed, drama and glamour with which the current programme presents football.
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certain power and certain level of emission * Not cause undue interference * Use within a certain geographical area * Use apparatus which meets specified requirements & * Have access for inspection by Agency staff and close down in the event of interference being caused. So with regulation the media industry tries to ensure that radio content and the way is broadcasted is done by a standard level of quality. In all there are three different methods to regulate the editorial content of radio industry around the world.
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It was originally set up as a co-operative of radio set manufacturers whose aim was to protect the business interests of companies who made broadcasting equipment. The decision was made that this service was to be financed via a licence fee which was to be paid by all those in possession of a radio set. The end of the war provided the best circumstances and support for the formation of the BBC. The development of the public corporation depended on the rejection of market forces and a general acceptance of intervention.
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Zee delivers an exciting mix of entertainment, sports, music, NEWS, public affairs, children's programming and more. Zee is the last word in quality television programming for South Asians in UK. Zee is committed to bringing quality shows and entertainment for everyone in the family and our commitment to quality service arid programming is second to none. With a viewer ship of 55% among South Asian homes in the UK, Zee TV is clearly the entertainment leader for South Asians in the UK.
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Public Broadcasting is probably most well known for its children's programming which helps parents and teachers educate children. The shows like Sesame Street, Barney, and Mr. Roger's Neighborhood, have helped children learn for decades now. This was originally intended to help decrease a problem known as the Knowledge Gap, but case studies have shown that these programs have actually widened the knowledge gap because children of higher socioeconomic status as well as children of the lower socioeconomic status would watch the same programming. Both children would benefit from it, but the higher status children's parents and teachers would be more likely to reinforce what they saw on television in the home and at school.
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Many voices one cause: One cause many voices? An investigation into Zimbabwe broadcasting corporation's news hour as a democratic platform of participation.
I received much help from many people with the process of putting this down on paper and in its printing. First and foremost, I wish to thank my supervisor Mr Webster Muonwa without whose guidance and encouragement, this dissertation would have been yet another victim of the writer's block. I wish to thank Mr Muonwa particularly for instilling in me the vision that at any given moment in time an academic community will always fair better than one isolated genius.
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How would you explain the continuing popularity of major British Soap Operas such as Eastenders and Coronation Street?
Therefore, the fact that it is an area which has been historically populated by "waves of different immigrant groups"(7) and social issues, the East End would provide a "mobile society"(8) setting with a "background, history and culture", (9)which would therefore contain mixture of characters and therefore function to appeal to a wider range of audience such as ethnic minorities. Furthermore, the soap would be appealing as it would provide the viewers with a sense of regional identity that they could identify with.
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More succinctly, public service broadcasting can be thought of as a universal service; receiving funds from the public, guiding its own operations to a considerable extent and addressing its audiences primarily as citizens, not as consumers, a factor which insulates public service broadcasting from both political and commercial influence. According to Four Theories of the Press, the Authoritarian; the Libertarian; the Soviet Communist and the Social Responsibility are acknowledged as the most appropriate categories used to describe how different media systems operate in the world (Serverin, Tankard, Jr., 1979:338).
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Weakest Link. The first section of this paper clarifies the structure of Weakest Link and attempts to analyse the reasons why it has been so popular by tracing the history and development of the quiz/game show back to its roots, and the second section add
Along the way, if a question is answered correctly, money goes into the 'bank'; by contrast, an incorrect answer wipes all the money earned from the bank and the pot returns to zero. Alternatively, money accumulated in a round is only carried over to the next if one of the contestants says the word 'bank' before hearing his or her question. Once a contestant 'banks' the money, the stakes go back to the bottom of the scale. If they do not 'bank' it, they risk losing the money but there are compensations, because the next question after each correct answer is worth more money.
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(Weir 33). By 1929 there were about seventy-five stations in Canada and almost three thousand radio receiving sets in use (Weir 10). The CNR was the major force shaping Canadian radio at this time. It attempted to build a national network and offered an ambitious variety of programming including music, talks, educational broadcasts, hockey, dramas, and a limited number of French programs (Weir 33). Many of the problems which arose as radio was being established in Canada were "classically Canadian" (Collins 198).
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What have been the consequences of multi channel fragmentation for the identity of the BBC? What problems does public service broadcasting face?
In order to maintain this, the BBC should adapt. But in adapting the multi channel fragmentation is obviously proving to have influence over BBC's identity and the direction it should head in terms of sources of finance. As the number of channels increase, each broadcaster will receive a smaller share of the total audience thus becoming less important and powerful then it was considered before. BBC's monopoly over audience is decreasing as a consequence of the multi channel viewing fragmentation.
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Did 'the world's most beautiful music' strike a mortal blow to 'the cultural fabric of the nation'? Discuss the impact of Classic FM on Radio 3.
Money making - giving the consumer what they apparently want, is fundamental to life in the twenty first century. The BBC's public service manifesto fails to hold much weight in a consumer society. The license fee is now fighting against the technological advances of cable and satellite television, where the small array of terrestrial channels makes way for hundreds available on sky. I would essentially argue that although Classic FM are succeeding in bringing classical music to the masses, but at the same time, they are only interested in providing the most popularized form in order to attract listeners and make money.
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Background Glee is an American musical comedy-drama television that started airing on the Fox network in the United States in 2009 and is still on air. It has also been on syndication on various channels worldwide and the sixth and final of the show will be airing this fall. Although it isn?t the most groundbreaking or most controversial show when it comes to depicting queer sexuality, I chose to study it as it is more relevant and popular with my generation than shows such as Ellen and Queer as Folk.
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The Sexual Exploitation of Women in the Music Industry - study of the portrayal of women in music videos.
It states that the image given to women in the rap industry is that of an object to obtain. It also discusses how the image women can also have is that of a helpless, depressed woman without a man in her life. The study also discusses the rap music that has broken through the stereotypes of women such as Destiny?s child and TLC. The last section sums up the study. It states that the views of women in rap have not changed, and that it should. Women should be look at as independent, intelligent women rather than just an object.
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