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University Degree: Television & Radio Studies
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(Weir 33). By 1929 there were about seventy-five stations in Canada and almost three thousand radio receiving sets in use (Weir 10). The CNR was the major force shaping Canadian radio at this time. It attempted to build a national network and offered an ambitious variety of programming including music, talks, educational broadcasts, hockey, dramas, and a limited number of French programs (Weir 33). Many of the problems which arose as radio was being established in Canada were "classically Canadian" (Collins 198).
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Gareth Gates has been dumped from the Pepsi ads and Hear'say, the Popstar creation, have split. Seeing the stars from their conception and birth they lose the mystery and magic (manufacturing). When the winner is announced they may get money and a rock star life style you can be assured that it won't last forever. Now, because of programmes like these, fame is temporary, 15 minutes of fame has turned into five. Kylie Minogue has slated TV shows like these recently in a tabloid paper saying they encourage children to be "frighteningly" obsessed with fame. The singer reckons these types of programmes make young people just want to be famous, without caring what for.
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What have been the consequences of multi channel fragmentation for the identity of the BBC? What problems does public service broadcasting face?
In order to maintain this, the BBC should adapt. But in adapting the multi channel fragmentation is obviously proving to have influence over BBC's identity and the direction it should head in terms of sources of finance. As the number of channels increase, each broadcaster will receive a smaller share of the total audience thus becoming less important and powerful then it was considered before. BBC's monopoly over audience is decreasing as a consequence of the multi channel viewing fragmentation.
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Has the Presence of commercially driven broadcasting in Britain necessarily lead to a "dumbing down" of programming content?
So, what is commercial broadcasting, and how has it been subject to debate? Commercial broadcasting can be described as 'broadcasting that is funded by advertising revenue,' the additional notion that for some (BskyB in particular), a subscription is charged to customers to view the television. ITV, channel 4 and 5 are considered to be commercialised channels as their funding comes from advertisers. Channel 5 in particular is owned by a consortium of existing broadcaster and was an attempt to develop a 'distinctive non-metropolitan identity' as well as encouraging 'local sources of programme supply' (Williams K, Get me a murder a day, pg248).
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According to K Williams he said " Two of the features central to public service broadcasting emerged from the negotiations to establish the company in 1922: the licence fee as a means of funding, and the BBC's monopoly of broadcasting." He also saw 4 crucial elements that the public service broadcasting should observe and obey. The first of these was the introduction of licensing fee, which guaranteed the BBC a source of revenue. Reith was particularly worried that if commercial advertising were to prevail, it would deter the quality of programming and would be a threat to tastes of the public.
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Disney and the BBC - Media institutions often determine what way the audience interprets the meaning.
Miramax is best known for producing films like Quentin Tarantino's 2003 gore fest 'Kill Bill'. Disney's family values mean that films like 'Kill Bill' would never be made with an attachment for Disney. It makes good business sense to keep their distance from such movies even though they are directly responsible for them. The sense of familiarity that people have with Disney's values mean that Disney corporation could never bring all their interest in under one Disney banner. One of the main reasons Michael Eisner lost his job to George Mitchell as the head of Disney is that people within the firm felt that too much diversification had taken place and that Disney's place in the heart of the families was at stake if it continued.
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We are now starting wonder if public service broadcasting is now an out of date idea and if we need to move ahead with the time as the technology has developed further than the need for something like public service broadcasting. The start of public service broadcasting can be traced back to the start of the BBC in 1927. It is based on the beliefs of programming of cultural diversity and to be able to provide programming for all minorities to be represented fairly. There is a very strong demand for quality programmes that do more than just entertain people.
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Easy enough to find many people watching TV for several hours every day. Some people even turn it on seven o'clock in the morning and don't leave it until midnight, which is not only harmful to their health but also affect their work and study. Some people are glued to their TV sets and become so immersed in TV that they fail to communicate with people around them. This certainly helps cause generation gaps, divorce and other social problems. For anther thing, what the author warned us against is that children can be adversely affected by constantly watching TV.
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Regular transmissions began two months later on a four-hour programme channel, Channel 5, on April 2, 1963 and a second broadcast channel began operation in November 1963. At that time, Singapore had become part of Malaysia and hence its broadcasting service was merged with the Malaysian broadcasting service. Colour TV test transmissions started in May 1974. The unresponsiveness to colour TV changed when the TV station announced that its first 'live' colour telecast via satellite would be the World Cup Soccer Finals between West Germany and Holland on 7 Jul 1974 at 10.30pm.
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Discuss the part broadcasting and documentary has played in the development of the modern public sphere
Before broadcasting, public events took place in particular places for particular publics, for example attendance at church, museums and galleries. Television and public service broadcasting provided mixed programmes on 'national' channels available to all with a wide range of programme types on a single channel. It made world events accessible and constituted a new form of public life allowing the ordinary voice to speak for itself, addressing the whole of society. Caughie (1986) says in a time of public speech and writing providing education, there was an increasing need for a more imaginative and widespread media of public address.
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However, the onset of neo-liberalism and globalization in the market place has led to increasing demands for de-regulation. For instance, during the 1980s Margaret Thatcher's conservative government with its neo-liberal, free market ideology denounced state organized broadcasting because of its high cost and the fact that in their eyes it prevented the free flow of information by restricting advertising and dis-allowing choice. State protected media for the New Right of the Thatcher era imposed its elitist ideas and tastes on the rest of us. The de-regulation of institutions such as the BBC would give the public more choice and the market would become more responsive to their preferences.
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Situation comedy, whether using cartoon or real people, conveys its messages through making fun of every day situations. "The Simpsons" humour appears to be its greatest appeal. Based on the findings from my survey I now know that "The Simpsons" appeals to people of all ages. People aged six too seventy regularly enjoy watching the program. Many aspects of society are revealed in The Simpsons for example the corruption within politics the police force. Also revealed is the abuse of nature due to a desire for power and money and issues about pollution and the environment. The Simpsons also shows us about the life style of the average American family through the eyes of the creator, Matt Groening.
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Describe The Dominant Features That Characterise Different River channel Patterns. Is Channel Pattern Easily Classified or a Continuum?
There is however some reference to schumm and his 14 types of channel pattern that are catergorised by the type of load moved through the channel. The diagram below shows the major characteristics of this. Meandering rivers are sinuous in shape and maintain a single in curves having a definite geometric shape. Leopold states that meandering river channels are the most common type of pattern found particularly in the U.K. A river is considered to be meandering generally when sinuosity is greater than 1.5.
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Did 'the world's most beautiful music' strike a mortal blow to 'the cultural fabric of the nation'? Discuss the impact of Classic FM on Radio 3.
Money making - giving the consumer what they apparently want, is fundamental to life in the twenty first century. The BBC's public service manifesto fails to hold much weight in a consumer society. The license fee is now fighting against the technological advances of cable and satellite television, where the small array of terrestrial channels makes way for hundreds available on sky. I would essentially argue that although Classic FM are succeeding in bringing classical music to the masses, but at the same time, they are only interested in providing the most popularized form in order to attract listeners and make money.
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Background Glee is an American musical comedy-drama television that started airing on the Fox network in the United States in 2009 and is still on air. It has also been on syndication on various channels worldwide and the sixth and final of the show will be airing this fall. Although it isn?t the most groundbreaking or most controversial show when it comes to depicting queer sexuality, I chose to study it as it is more relevant and popular with my generation than shows such as Ellen and Queer as Folk.
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The Sexual Exploitation of Women in the Music Industry - study of the portrayal of women in music videos.
It states that the image given to women in the rap industry is that of an object to obtain. It also discusses how the image women can also have is that of a helpless, depressed woman without a man in her life. The study also discusses the rap music that has broken through the stereotypes of women such as Destiny?s child and TLC. The last section sums up the study. It states that the views of women in rap have not changed, and that it should. Women should be look at as independent, intelligent women rather than just an object.
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Combing the two words means spreading the teachings of Jesus Christ throughout the globe. An evangelical preacher marked the first television outreach in the year 1954. Televangelism, as it became, led to the existence of an ?electronic church? that allowed religious devotes and it allowed curious viewers to receive sermons while sitting in their living rooms. Popular televangelists include Pat Robertson, Oral Roberts, (founder of the Christian Broadcasting Network), and Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker (Fore, 1981). Dedicated to the conversion of non evangelist?s televangelists Jerry Falwell and Jimmy Swaggart used their airtime to warn viewers of the evils of American society.
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In a world that consistently undervalues women in general and black women in particular, male -dominated hip-hop has a bizarre love/hate relationship with sexually attractive women.
In a culture still so deeply patriarchal, what chance do they have to think outside the dominant ideology? The fact is, as long as black people continue the trend of selling their culture whole-sale so that a few of us can prosper from them, then we should not be surprised at the end result. However, I believe that the critique of the industries sexual politics seems to me ultra-conservative and outdated. Indeed, what bothers me more in hip hop is not the representation of black women as much as the virtual exclusion of black female emcees that would help bring a balance to those images, but why these women are automatically seen as "exploited??
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My essay is based on how Blacks and Arabs are represented in the media, including the idea of stereotypes and identity in more general terms. In the first part of my essay, I would define the
The ?other? are marginal groups that are subject to the power, categories and practices of the norm. Baker (2008, p.248) states that ?In Britain, America and Australia the historical formation of ?race? is one of power and subordination. That is, people of colour have occupied structurally subordinate positions in relation to every dimension of ?life chances??. People of colour are subjects of domination in the housing market, labour market and media representations. Eastenders focuses on traditional white East End families like the Mitchell and Branning families, who play active roles and these families are shown on a daily basis but displaces black and Asian characters to the margin.
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The needs and desires of the consumers made the world think and the reality television have been invented. With that said, reality television has been around more than a decade, but just recently with the explosion of the Internet it has reshaped the meaning of fame and entertainment. Andy Warhol?s prophetic prediction, more than forty years ago, that everyone would have their fifteen minutes of fame, is now being played out on television, as ordinary people put themselves in front of the cameras so that millions of other people could watch them live out their lives. Being famous seems like a game, that everyone can play.
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the close relationship between females and hysteria and asserts that ?(t)hese etymologies have cemented a polarisation of the female and male mental states: men being historically associated with rationality, straightforwardness and logic; women with unpredictable emotions, outbursts and madness.? The writers of ?The Walking Dead? seem to embody this idea, and believe that women are irrational and hysterical. No character better demonstrates this view than Lori Grimes, the wife of the series? main character and protagonist, Rick Grimes, and the mother to the main child in the series, Carl Grimes. Indeed, the series begins with a negative depiction of Lori.
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. but they could not be trusted with the social and civic responsibilities of full citizenship as equals with whites? (Franz & Smulyan, 2012). This concept is what carried over into the beginnings of television and was quite acceptable at that time. ?Black characters who populated the television world of the 1950s were happy-go-lucky social incompetents who knew their place and who antics served to amuse and comfort culturally sanctioned notions of whiteness, especially white superiority and paternalism? (Franz & Smulyan, 2012). This statement sums up the image of Black America during the 1950's and 1960's on television.
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?We knew it was much more severe than [the media was] saying because radiation was coming out left and right. So in other words, they lied to us. They knew how much radiation was coming out, they knew the danger, they knew how much core melting was taking place, but they tried to put a happy face on it? (Adams). What happened in Japan is much worse than what has been told happened. Actually, the tragedy ?is now far and away the worst nuclear disaster in all of human history.
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