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University Degree: Television & Radio Studies
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What is the relationship between TV and reality? Choose a specific TV show on which to focus, including some attention to concepts of liveness, flow and seriality.
However, the insurgence of reality television into everyday life has raised a question in audience's mind, 'what is real?' By applying Leisbet Van Zoonen's argument that there is no such ting as a delivered presence or truth in culture discourse, but inevitably a re- presence or representation (Van Zoonen 1995:319), the essay will argue that it is impossible to define whether reality television programs such as Big Brother adequately reflect reality but rather look at what is re- presented. Big Brother is just one example of a very successful reality TV show. Other good examples are Survivor, Jerry Springer, Australia Idol and I'm a Celebrity get me out of here.
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It examines the relationship between a man and a woman where sex is not a factor. In particular, I wanted to show the representations of homosexuals in sitcoms and how this issue is addressed in the dialogue. Conversational analysis is a unique form of qualitative research concerned with the analysis of "talk-in-interaction." According to Heritage and Hudson, "It's gives systematic insights into the ways in which members of society interact." (1984:1) Detailed descriptions of transcriptions are used as they provide a useful representation of what is said and how it is said. By making transcriptions, the researcher is able to attend to details that would escape the ordinary listener.
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Reith's moral view of broadcasting saw it as a precious national resource which he developed into an all-embracing service aiming to broadcast to the largest audience possible, whist maintaining high standards providing the best of everything and offering something for everyone. To achieve this Reith believed the BBC had to operate as a monopoly because if there was competition it would compromise quality of programmes in favour of high audience ratings, also the service would have to be independent of commercial influences such as advertisers, and the government whose involvement though unavoidable at times needed to be kept to a minimum.
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There was limited competition and limited opportunities for expansion by privately owned companies and very little competition for the BCNZ. This all changed in 1989 when the Broadcasting act came into force. This essay will show the approach that the Broadcasting act took and how it changed the face of New Zealand Broadcasting. It will then attempt to show that despite the radical changes that were undertaken, the act can still be only considered a partial success. The essay will touch on the problems that have arisen since the act was introduced, such as the quality over quantity issue that the act has created and how the world of commercial broadcasting has affected the act.
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Construct a Defence of Public Service Broadcasting based on its role in reflecting national identity. What drawbacks does this approach to P.S.B have?
In 1985, the Broadcasting Research Unit drew up eight main principles of Public Service Broadcasting. The main beliefs were that broadcast programmes should cater for the whole population of the United Kingdom, no matter where they lived, or what their interests. It is also stipulated that minority groups should be provided with programming, particularly disadvantaged groups such as the deaf. Broadcasting would be funded by the mass public, through the simple payment scheme of the TV license. Not only does the universality of payment mean that everyone would pay the same amount for receiving the same service, but it would
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I have chosen to discuss in relation to the above question are "Peep Show" and "Eastenders." After watching episodes of both these programmes I have established thoughts and idea's on the characters, settings and dominant ideologies that have been given.
It is thought that approximately sixteen million people watch every episode, making it one of the most watched television programmes in the country. Set in the East End of London, was thought the best place for the show to be filmed due to it's historical significance which is instantly recognisable to the audience. It is also illustrative of modern Britain, as we see multi-racial, larger than life characters. The programme is aimed at all ages of an audience, many families will watch this together.
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''Children are dedicated consumers of television. A substantial part of their waking hours is spent in front of the box.'' (Hodge and Tripp 1996). What are the consequences of this constant exposure to television?
In this essay I will look at the arguments against constant exposure to television with specific reference to Neil Postman and consider his theories in relevance to the consequences there may be for children. I will also look at contradictory evidence that denies that television contributes to the 'disappearance of childhood'2 and can with the right balance of exposure and quality of production help children in their learning. For this I will use sources from David Buckingham3, Barrie Gunter and Jill Mcateer.4 I am firstly going to look at how television has attracted this fear into the general public.
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Big Brother and its slant on how celebrity is constructed and represented in our contemporary culture.
book acted as a representation of the repressive idea that we had entered a popular realization of an all seeing state, that was invasive of individuals privacy. Winton Smith's ending epiphany was his applause of big brother saying "I love big brother,"9 yet in truth it was remembered as "a chilling prophecy of the complete destruction of self by the surveying state."10 Now however we find ourselves enthralled by the big brother that watches people in society do everyday mundane tasks on television.
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'The Golden Age of British Television'Discuss and account for this view of television in the 1960s and 1970s. Why is British terrestrial television said to be decline thereafter?
The television had been very precious to many people since a very beginning of its existence. Television was an expensive item and not everyone could afford to have one at home. Those who actually have the television at home really took care of it, not just because of the cost of it, but because of its overall value. Even nowadays some households, especially those owned by elderly people, 'treat' the television the certain way. The television was usually kept in a centre of a room, very often decorated with some flowers or little statues, basically, people did not treat the television as a piece of furniture.
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Overweight, unashamedly sexual, loud, untidy and uninterested in the life of the mind, Sara-Marie emerged as the unlikely poster girl for youthful female confidence. Sara-Marie, having gone into the Big Brother house as an ordinary Perth girl with a down to earth charismatic appeal emerged to find an enormous following among young women and a newfound sense of Celebrity. Consequently Sara-Marie has written columns for the newspaper, recorded a song, produced a line of pyjamas and even written a top selling book.
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Discuss the role of media studies in making sense of the political, economic and cultural meaning of everyday life
the role of media studies in making sense of the political, economic and cultural meanings along with various adverse effects media studies might have on both people and society. One important approach to media studies focuses on the political perspective of media, which is genuinely linked to issues associated with politics, government and power relations where media play an influential role. Media industries are controlled by the government and regulated by censorship whereby dictatorial governments control the flow of information to the people and make rules of what can be accessed and publicised (James and Michael 1977:45).
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"By most criteria the main significance of football in contemporary British society is as a television show" Discuss Steve Wagg's view of the relationship between football and TV in the period from c.1960.
With this increase of televised football have come huge developments in the methods of presentation and analysis. 1964 saw the first broadcast of the BBC's 'Match of the Day' starting the long running tradition of the Saturday evening highlights show that has become a staple element of a fan's access to football. Although there are now numerous programmes produced by different broadcasters, comparison of this pioneering show to today's alternative, ITV's 'The Premiership', presents definite evidence of football's development as a television show. Merely comparing the opening credits of the two shows highlights major differences, most notably the speed, drama and glamour with which the current programme presents football.
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certain power and certain level of emission * Not cause undue interference * Use within a certain geographical area * Use apparatus which meets specified requirements & * Have access for inspection by Agency staff and close down in the event of interference being caused. So with regulation the media industry tries to ensure that radio content and the way is broadcasted is done by a standard level of quality. In all there are three different methods to regulate the editorial content of radio industry around the world.
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"Discuss the role of Media Studies in making sense of the political, economic and cultural meaning of everyday life".
Many individuals wake up to advertisements or the news on their radio, watch television or read the newspaper during breakfast, pass by billboards on the way to work or school, walk past posters on buildings and signposts, and even have advertising such as brands on their clothing. The media now has such an influence on individuals lives, that it now seems to go unnoticed, as most people don't know any other lifestyle. Generally, prior to becoming involved in media studies, many people think it simply involves analysing how the media can manipulate and delude others, simply to gain ratings and profit, however there is much more involved.
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The toddler was becoming an adolescent. The knowledge of the companies that broadcast our programs is worrying, they know how many people are watching, what class, family numbers and many other useful pieces of information that help them sell advertising information. It isn't the broadcasters that research it but larger companies that get this information from questionnaires and a system called BARB. This has brought the television more customers than anything else, they know who is going to be home mid day and who gets home after 7 and have used intelligence to sell there programs.
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It was originally set up as a co-operative of radio set manufacturers whose aim was to protect the business interests of companies who made broadcasting equipment. The decision was made that this service was to be financed via a licence fee which was to be paid by all those in possession of a radio set. The end of the war provided the best circumstances and support for the formation of the BBC. The development of the public corporation depended on the rejection of market forces and a general acceptance of intervention.
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Their controversial ads are notorious for the shock value they exhibit. People sometimes cannot believe that a certain advertisement is actually aimed at selling clothes. This "shock value" technique has recently been the new trend in 20th century advertising culture. It is a clever tactic that has recently been employed by various companies, agencies, and institutions throughout the world. "Pressure groups, charities and even governments have employed graphic imagery and blunt slogans to highlight everything from animal cruelty to the dangers of drink-driving.
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An analysis of how television viewing has changed over the last two decades in terms of the frequency of viewing, the nature of the programs view, the viewing times through the day and the number of hours spent on viewing.
However, the frequency of the TV viewing did not have any radically increase during that time. This is because of the TV channels does not have variables choice of program that can attract the audience attention. The frequency of the viewing had increase since the multi-channel service offer by the ITV and BBC during 1990-2000. The frequency of viewing had slightly increased from the beginning. This situation had attracted the new entrance of this industry. Besides the two main TV broadcasting, there are some new entrance competitors who also offer the same type of service such as Sky TV, TIVO etc.
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The insurgence of reality television (TV) into everyday life has left us increasingly asking what is real.
However, as Johnson Woods points out "Big Brother is more than a documentary with soap tendencies; closer examination reveals the influence of talk shows, game shows and even sitcoms" (2002: p58) For the purpose of these essay, I will be exploring Big Brother as a combination of all these genres. Adorno argues that the culture consumed by the masses is imposed from above - churned out by the culture industry (1991: p86). By applying Adorno's argument to Big Brother, we can see the 'reality effects' that both the themes of the program and the personal qualities of the participants have had on the Australian public.
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The two media conglomerates that I have chosen are Fox Broadcasting Company and PBS. I picked these two networks because they are as different as you can possibly get when it comes to television's basic broadcast channels.
One of the reasons that Fox began to grow was that prime time hours were reduced, and no morning shows or soap operas were aired throughout the day. This gave Fox affiliates more flexibility in scheduling shows and commercial announcements. Their network shows began with shaky ratings, but by the end of the 1980's, they found shows to build on such as "Married With Children", "Beverly Hills 90210", and "The Simpsons." Fox tried to cater to younger, trend following viewers, and though slow to come around, this plan worked.
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Zee delivers an exciting mix of entertainment, sports, music, NEWS, public affairs, children's programming and more. Zee is the last word in quality television programming for South Asians in UK. Zee is committed to bringing quality shows and entertainment for everyone in the family and our commitment to quality service arid programming is second to none. With a viewer ship of 55% among South Asian homes in the UK, Zee TV is clearly the entertainment leader for South Asians in the UK.
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Public Broadcasting is probably most well known for its children's programming which helps parents and teachers educate children. The shows like Sesame Street, Barney, and Mr. Roger's Neighborhood, have helped children learn for decades now. This was originally intended to help decrease a problem known as the Knowledge Gap, but case studies have shown that these programs have actually widened the knowledge gap because children of higher socioeconomic status as well as children of the lower socioeconomic status would watch the same programming. Both children would benefit from it, but the higher status children's parents and teachers would be more likely to reinforce what they saw on television in the home and at school.
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The impact of TV violence may be evident in the child's behavior or may surface years later and young people can even be affected when family atmosphere shows no tendency towards violence. This does not mean that violence on television is the only source of aggressiveness or violent behavior, but it is a significant contributor."(www.parenthoodweb.com/parent_cfmfiles/pros.cfm?n=247) Not all television programs are bad, there are many excellent shows that combine education and entertainment. Unfortunately a big number of children programs don't teach them what parents and teachers want them to learn.
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* Are the individual characters a fair representation of you and me, your parents, your friends, your neighbours? and * Do the writers give a fair view on society's attitudes to race, class and gender? There is little doubt that they write, on one hand, for the ratings. Plots need sensationalism through emotional issues, family and friends relationships and trendy issues of the day. But.. On the other hand, do they have a sub plot? Are writers subversively indoctrinating audiences with their own political and ideological ideas? * Quote: ..Soap....as emphasizing traditional associations between women and emotions is a significant link to the notion that soap operas are primarily a woman's genre [Geraghty 2000] Christine Geraghty is a
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Large media conglomerates continue to grow in size as well as power. The anti-trust laws that exist in the Unites States aim to prevent national monopolies, however most media monopolies are localized. Gannett controls less than ten percent of the United States daily newspaper circulation, however practically all of Gannett's papers are monopolies because they are the only paper in their town. Gannett owns more than ninety daily papers and forty non-dailies. (Campbell, page 470). This may preclude the consumer's availability of differing opinions other than those Gannett chooses to provide. By 2001, thirteen newspaper chains existed and they acquired one-half of all the nation's daily newspapers (Campbell, page 290).
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