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Critically discuss the theoretical explanations put forward to explain alcohol dependence and discuss the rationale for prevention programmes for hazardous drinkers.

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  • Essay length: 3694 words
  • Submitted: 20/06/2006
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University Degree Behavioural Science

The first 200 words of this essay...

Addictions.

Critically discuss the theoretical explanations put forward to explain alcohol dependence and discuss the rationale for prevention programmes for hazardous drinkers.

This assignment aims to evaluate current theoretical explanations that are relevant to the field of addiction and to explore the reasons and intentions behind various prevention programmes for hazardous drinkers. There are many different types of theoretical explanations and models relating to addiction, and most research has focussed on alcohol dependency. (Ogden, 2004)

However it is important to define what is meant by the term "addiction"; Goodman (2005) puts forward the following as a definition for addiction:

A process whereby a behaviour, that can function both to produce pleasure and to provide escape from internal discomfort, is employed in a pattern characterized by recurrent failure to control the behaviour and continuation of the behaviour despite significant negative consequences.

(Goodman, 2005, online)

Although the term "addiction" is still widely used current theorists and scholars are tending to use the term "dependence" in modern research and studies.

People can become dependant not only on external substances that are ingested but also to risky behaviours such as gambling, extreme sports etc.

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