• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Sex and Health in the Middle AgesSeveral centuries ago, in the population's mind, as well as for Jewish, and the Christians and/or Muslims, everything was about religion and God

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sex and health in the Middle Ages By Kaven Morasse Presented to Daniel Perreault For Intro: Western History 330-910-RE November 8th 2004 Sex and Health in the Middle Ages Several centuries ago, in the population's mind, as well as for Jewish, and the Christians and/or Muslims, everything was about religion and God. Because of this, these religious groups were fully confident about the evidence that was given to them by the "intellectuals". Supported by religion, these "scholars", even though they were inaccurate most of the time, had answers for almost everything. Since their objectivity was often affected by diverse beliefs, these savants' way of thinking became the pillars of these societies. In the Middle Ages, though medicine and reproduction were often thought to be of a religious matter directed by God, human involvement was usually acceptable (Wiesner, p.132). These subjects are good examples of what kind of fundaments were anchored in people's thoughts. Three sources, written by philosophers of the middle ages, have been studied to demonstrate what kind of misconceptions they had; the Canon Avicenna, Constantine the African's treatises and Trotula of Salerno's writings. ...read more.

Middle

The first important work that influences their convictions was written by a Greek named Galen who was inspired by Aristotle and Hippocrates. This guy, born in 130 of the Common Era, spent most of his life in Rome within the Roman Empire and died in 200 of the Common Era (Wiesner p.133). His findings, translated from Greek, were so large and touched so many subjects, that they influenced western civilizations for centuries (Wiesner p.133). One of his supporters, Avicenna (980-1037), an Islamic medical writer, affirmed that women's apparatus of reproduction was similar to men's penis except that it was smaller and inward (Avicenna extract in Wiesner p.140). Men and women were both thought to have sperm (Avicenna extract in Wiesner p.140). These two sperms were supposed to mix together in order to engender a life and then, the body of the "seed" was formed by coagulation of women's menses blood (Avicenna extract in Wiesner p.140). Another philosopher, Constantine the African (1065-1085), believed in diabolic spells that could interfere in intercourse and reproduction (Sigerist in Wiesner p.141). He also mentioned various remedies that could cure these "sorceries"; "Sprinkle the walls of the house with dog's blood, and it will be liberated from every spell..." ...read more.

Conclusion

Because populations of the Middle Ages were uneducated and did not know much about medicine, "intellectuals" and priests were considered to be really advanced in this domain. Their methods were applied, whether they could cause great injuries or not. Today, in western societies, most people are educated and have a basic knowledge of medicine. If we compared ourselves with the actual doctors in medicine, we don't know much either. In studying history it is now possible to realize that as the objectivity of societies grow, the potential of knowledge becomes higher. Who knows, maybe that in a thousand years from now we will be chimpanzees to the new generation. The human being is really interesting to study. In history, we rapidly realized that we are the same than our ancestors and that we differ only from the environment in which we live. Today, we have different cultures, knowledge and technologies that make us think differently. However we still have the same identical nature than people from the Middle Ages. Humans have always tried to cure or to hurt each other, to make love or to create wars but moreover, to find senses to their existences. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Behavioural Science section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Behavioural Science essays

  1. Using Sources A and B, and your own knowledge, describe two significant changes in ...

    Since then Lister's ideas have been modified to the modern disinfectants that are used in hospitals today, all equipment and rooms are kept clean and sterile, while all surgeons and nurses wash their hand and wear gloves and masks. We owe all of what cleanliness that exists in hospitals today down to Lister and Pasture c ii)

  2. Breathlessness in patients with advanced cancer.

    with their breathlessness, advocating the patient in treatment decisions, teaching coping strategies and helping in setting realistic goals are all part of the therapeutic relationship between the nurse and the patient and their families. Ways of coping with breathlessness Coping with breathlessness involves the patient actively and gives him or her a sense of control over the symptom management.

  1. Why do people drink alcohol

    The type of treatment sufferers will receive depends on the severity of their alcoholism and the resources that are available in their community. Treatment may include detoxification (the process of safely getting alcohol out of your system); taking doctor-prescribed medications, such as disulfiram (Antabuse)

  2. History and development of Western medicine.

    According to Juliet Mofford (1996) a few midwives in America even advertised that they had received special instruction in the profession and could produce qualifications as proof. " Mrs. Grant from Scotland declared in the December 29th, 1768 edition of the South Carolina Gazette that she had "studied that art regularly and practiced it afterwards,

  1. The Vulnerable Population of Alcoholics

    generalized to my own life and my own personal experiences with which I have experienced. Description of the Population For expressing the important aspects of the vulnerable populations Aday's model of predictors will be used from Stanhope and Lancaster (2004).

  2. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is defined as a severe difficulty in focusing and ...

    However the opposite is needed for the child to feel normal and wanted by both parties. Another problem in this situation is that the child may behave a lot better in front of his father/mother; whichever demonstrate a more authoritative parenting style.

  1. The role of the shaman: similarities and differences between Western therapeutic processes and traditional ...

    unconscious and deal with his own negative feelings: in doing so he symbolically followed the shamanic practice of journeying into another world or "spirit flight" which is recognized by Halifax (1991) as one of the main features associated with the shamanic tradition.

  2. Discuss the Nature of Some Major Psychotherapies and Critically Evaluate Their Effectiveness.

    Directive therapies tend to have procedures and timetables, for instance behaviour therapy using systematic desensitising will tend to be conducted over a set period of sessions, the client will be expected to have reached a certain 'point' in recovery by a certain session.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work