Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4

04 Worker Rights & Working Conditions - Free.doc

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Privacy is a cornerstone of our society, as Americans we value privacy above many other natural rights. We each have a right to protect and control certain information about ourselves and who can have access to that information. Our personal decisions should be autonomous and free from illegitimate influence (Shaw & Barry, 2007, p.329). Organizations have a legitimate interest in situations which significantly influence the performance of their employees while on the job, but the understanding of what "significantly influence" means may differ between the employer and their employees. The actions of employers in gaining agreement from their employees to submit to drug testing can be considered coercive when one considers the relationship between the employer and employees. Although the relationship should be one of mutual consent and partnership, the fact that employees may be subject to termination for not submitting to drug testing, makes the consent obtained seem more likely undue coercion (Shaw & Barry, 2007, p. 364). Employees may feel obliged or even pressured to take a drug test or risk the loss of their job. In these instances, the consent may not be informed. Although we value and guard our privacy, at times it may be necessary to give up that right for the greater good. ...read more.

Middle

364). Take for instance a Drug Enforcement Agency officer, if these individuals will come in constant contact with illegal narcotics, it would be prudent to ensure that they do not have a drug addiction and could possibly be a threat to other officers if they began to partner with drug dealers, steal confiscated drugs or could possibly behave in way detrimental to their colleagues due to intoxication. Only in such situations would drug testing be reasonable and morally justifiable. When justifying drug testing as a way to prevent harm, we must consider that most roles do not necessitate the need to be drug free. Employers are only justified in the expectation that their staff perform at a reasonable level. If drug use causes their employees to perform below required norms, than they should attempt to assist their employee in reaching acceptable performance levels or terminate the working relationship. Regardless of the reason for sub-par performance employers have a right to terminate the relationship, but invasion of privacy should not be a means to that end (Shaw & Barry, 2007, p. 361). Drug testing should not be within the rights or expectations of the employer and should only be engaged when absolutely necessary. When drug testing is deemed necessary, it should be completed in strict compliance with policies which restrict its scope and intrusiveness (Shaw & Barry, 2007, p. ...read more.

Conclusion

Companies reason that the use of polygraph testing during the pre-employment process can aid them is screening out potentially costly (i.e.: drug users, the dishonest and the unethical) or inappropriate (i.e.: incompatible philosophies, behavioral patters, character traits for the organization) applicants (Shaw & Barry, 2007, p. 332). Polygraph testing has not been shown to be 100% accurate (Shaw & Barry, 2007, p. 330). The inaccuracy of these tests would subject many individuals to unjustified restriction from employment opportunities and cause the organization to potentially miss the prospect of hiring many capable and beneficial staff. Polygraph testing infringes on an individual's privacy in the most intrusive ways. They invade an individual's most private thoughts and beliefs, many of which have no relevance to the job they are applying for. No one can forecast how an individual will perform on their job simply by administering a test that monitors physiological changes during questioning, especially during a usually stressful situation (i.e. interviewing for a job). Even when an applicant submits to a polygraph test or any pre-employment testing for that matter, there may be subtle influence or pressure involved, making that submission less consensual and more coerced (Shaw & Barry, 2007, p. 332. The applicant has only two choices, submit to the test, or go look for a job somewhere else. When economic restraints are involved, there really is no choice. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Miscellaneous essays

  1. Animal Rights

    "Meat is not a thing"(Hurley). "It is an animal who has been slaughtered, dismembered, and neatly packaged" (Hurley). The Human Slaughter Act is a law proposed to pick up conditions for slaughter houses (Hurley).

  2. The three core conditions of Carl Rogers are easy attributes for the Person Centred ...

    Firstly, the belief that people, their experiences and their perspectives are all unique appears to contradict the idea of empathy.

  1. Housing Risk Assesment

    section, at some stage have been replaced with louvred style windows. All other windows in the tenure are single glazed, with double hung sashes. The open fireplaces throughout the flat have been sealed. There is one heat source, which is located within the living room.

  2. Stress and Counselling in the Workplace

    Some possible causes It seems clear that stress in the workplace causes considerable difficulties, not just for individuals but also for the organisation they are employed by. Why is it then that work-related stress is so common? Armstrong (2000) argues that it is due to the increasing demands of a modern work environment exceeding the individual's ability to cope.

  1. " 'The law may protect disabled children's and young people's rights but it does ...

    and in turn this can result in expectations which may or may not be justified." I am a great believer in the fact that to truly understand a person or situation, you must have first hand knowledge yourself. To apply this to research, I would lean towards projects regards disability or, indeed, education as this is where my interest lies.

  2. Food Standards Agency Traffic Light System

    The IGD have issued various reports on the most effective way to promote and advertise the GDA system. The main concern highlighted in previous research was the improvement of GDA labelling formats. Reports show that the current GDA format for men and women is very successful and useful for consumers and the food industry.

  1. Free essay

    Essential oils which contain suitable antifungal activity

    Total oil keeping was round 49 and 45% when carrier to oil ratio was 4:1 and 3:1 mass=mass, respectively. Reineccius reported that higher taste burdens usually outcome in poorer taste keeping, and this outcome is foreseen since higher burdens lead to larger percentages of volatiles close to the drying exterior, thereby limitation the diffusion route extent to the air=particle interface.

  2. The Ethics of Animal Testing

    There are three factors that are considered when deciding if animal research is ethical according to the consequentialist theory. The first is the value of the goal of research, that is, how many people will it affect positively and how?

  • Over 180,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.