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Studying a 3rd word country

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

A comprehensive study of a 3rd world country PHYSICAL: Relief: Ethiopia consists mainly of Desert and Mountains. Many valleys and plateau¹s also can be found in the country. Due to these landform types the percentage of farm land is approximately 5.7% of the total amount of land in Ethiopia. The amount of arable land is 10% of the 5.7% total. Ethiopia has an area of 1 221 900 sq. km. Ethiopia does not receive any problems such as volcanism, tidal waves, etc., but it does receive great winds and monsoons. It is located in Eastern Africa neighboured by Sudan (NW), Kenya(S), and Somalia(SE). Elevations can be seen on figure 1, and the physical features of Ethiopia on figure 2. Climate: The Climate in Ethiopia is of three different climatic zones. These being the cool or dega zone, consisting of the central parts of the western and eastern sections of the high plateaus and the area around Harar, with terrains roughly above 7 900 ft. in elevation. The second zone is the temperate, or weina dega zone, comprising portions of the high plateau between 4 900 and 7 900 ft.. The final area being the hot or kolla zone, encompassing an area with an altitude less than 5 000 ft. The cool zones temperatures and precipitation can be seen on figure 3.

Middle

These are only a few of the problems involved with lack of food in Ethiopia. Unfortunately most of the quality food in Ethiopia is grown by latifundia, and is exported to other countries. Jobs: Jobs are very sparse, and if found, involve intense backbreaking work, at a minimal cost. Due to the amount of unemployed people, practically any form of work # thrown at them will be taken. Latifundia offer jobs to occupants, such as coffee bean and cotton picking, and they pay them pennies an hour. Some of these jobs are extremely far from home, breaking up families for weeks. Others are self-employed farmers, or do not work at all. Health: Health care in Ethiopia gets slightly better as years pass, but still only a small portion of the population receives it. Famine care is immensely small, and needs great improvement. The most commonly found diseases in Ethiopia are malaria, tuberculosis, leprosy, venereal diseases, smallpox, typhus, typhoid, trachoma, conjunctivitis, and sexually transmitted diseases. Also see figures 7 and 8 for a further look at health speculations. Education & Welfare: Education in Ethiopia is not compulsory by law, but public education is free from the primary to the college level. The schooling consists of 12 years divided into six years of primary school, two years of middle school and four years of secondary school.

Conclusion

Trade: Ethiopia has about 7 main imports and 5 major exports, that can be seen in figure 16. The balance of trade is roughly -$617 000 000. The money they receive for there exports is minimal. Exporting partners are: US, Germany, Djivouti, Japan, Yemen, France, and Italy. There major importers are: USSR, Italy, Germany, Japan, UK, US, and France. The stability of there currency is unstable, and not very promising. International Co-operation: Ethiopia gives no aid to other countries, because it needs aid itself. They receive foreign aid, from the US, Canada and other countries. Food donations from the food bank, farmers, small organizations with excess¹ of food, and other charity organizations donate a portion of items each year. Many programs are also run where families ³adopt² a child. If done a donation of money is sent to the country to give a poor child blankets, clothes, and possibly a toy. Other organizations include the UN, IRRA, and FAO. International Conflict: Ethiopia neighbours Sudan, Somalia, and Kenya. Currently there are no border problems, but attempts of migration are always present. Other border problems can be seen in the history line of Ethiopia on figure 15. Future: All in all the future of Ethiopia is very poor. Due to little or no family planning the birth rate is still high. The inability to produce enough food for its vastly growing population, still creates mass starvation. The government does not seem to be planning any propositions of future hope, making chances of improvement almost inevitable.

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