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Global warming and the basic mechanisms of climate change.
- Essay length: 3761 words
- Submitted: 19/06/2006
The first 200 words of this essay...
Since the first warnings of global warming and the possibility of climate changes in 1885 by various scientists, researched has gathered insight into both the basic mechanisms of climate change and the potential impacts that can be expected in the future. In response to these findings, 160 countries gathered at the "Earth Summit" in Rio de Janeiro, where they agreed to adopt the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC)1. The Convention aimed to stabilise greenhouse gases "at a level that would prevent dangerous interference with the climate system"2, and provided guidelines and obligations for so-called "Developed Countries"3. All countries were to develop a national database of the "anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks" and to devise a solution which will reduce the climate change4; however, developed countries also had other commitments under the convention5.
Within the Convention, it provided that "[t]he Conference of the Parties shall, at its first session, review the adequacy of"6 the commitments of the parties in order to asses whether the objectives of the Convention were being met. At there first session in Bonn7, the Berlin Mandate: a "mechanism by which binding reduction and limitation obligations would be negotiated"8; was
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