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Implementation of national adaptation programs of action in order to provide immediate and urgent support to start adapting to current and projected adverse effects of climate change in Bangladesh.

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Introduction

PROJECT TITLE: Implementation of national adaptation programs of action in order to provide immediate and urgent support to start adapting to current and projected adverse effects of climate change in Bangladesh. ESTIMATED TOTAL BUDGET: US$ 250,000 ESTIMATED STARTING DATE: January 2008 DURATION: 18 months 1. Background of the Project: Bangladesh is a country situated on the northeastern side of South Asia bounded by India on the west and the north, by India and Myanmar on the east and by the Bay of Bengal on the South (see Map). Numerous rivers, small channels and backwaters intersect the country's plain lands. Much of the present plain was originally an estuary, which was filled up by the combined drainage system of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers (total length of drainage channel is estimated at more than 200,000 kms). These rivers continuously enrich the alluvial soil of the plains with heavy silt deposits. Thus, the rivers are of utmost importance in developing the country's vast flat alluvial land and in directly and indirectly influencing the economic activities through their impact on agriculture. The country has a typical monsoon climate as the monsoon wind, to a large extent, determines the country's rainfall and temperature. There are 3 distinct seasons: winter (November to February), which is relatively cool, sunny and dry; summer (March to May), which is very hot and sunny with occasional showers; and, rainy season (June to October), which warm, cloudy and wet. The humidity is generally high throughout the year, as even in the winter months it varies from about 70 to 85%. Average annual temperature ranges from 19oC to 29oC. Geographically, the country is located in one of the most hazard-prone areas of the world. Several types of natural calamities such as tropical cyclones, storm surges, monsoon floods and river erosions occur frequently and often affect the country adversely. The country is a land of water, with its 230 rivers extending to a total length of 24,140 kms. ...read more.

Middle

A participatory approach will be applied in the NAPA formulation process through the formation of multi-disciplinary teams, hereinafter referred to as sectoral working groups (SWGs). The number of SWGs to be established will be based on the findings from the previous GEF-funded climate change enabling activities project (CCEAP) in the country. Consultations with various government agencies and NGOs that are currently working in the area of environment and climate change revealed that water is the overarching sector that has to be addressed by the NAPA. MODULE NO. 2: ADAPTATION ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY This module will involve the design and development of the methodology that will be utilized in the assessment of adaptation to climate change; the conduct of the assessments/reviews; and, the prioritization of the sectors that will be covered in the NAPA of Bangladesh. Activity 2.1: Adaptation Assessment Methodology Development This activity will come up with the procedures that will be used in the assessments. It will also include the design of a systematic way of data collation, processing, verification and review. Lastly, under this activity, a process for reviewing the assessments made will also be devised. A national V&A expert will support and guide the SWGs in carrying out V&A assessments. This national expert will devise and propose an assessment methodology most suited to Bangladesh based on the objectives of the NAPA, the envisioned outputs, and the available literature and data on the impacts of climate change and climate variability in the country. He/She will ensure that participatory approaches will be built into the assessment methodology. A group made up of the SWG technical experts will finalize the assessment methodology drafted by the V&A expert who will also guide the work of the group. The methodology will be reviewed and critiqued by the rest of the NAPA Team. By consensus among the NAPA Team members, the proposed methodology will be approved for use in the assessments that will be carried out in conjunction with the NAPA formulation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Additional activities may be included (if necessary) to verify the attainment of some specific indicators. The extent by which the NAPA formulation project goal is achieved can be evaluated from the monitored results. The DOE and UNDP-Dhaka shall be responsible that the overall monitoring and evaluation framework for the NAPA formulation project and together will appropriately and holistically assess the quality and appropriateness of the various outputs/results of the project activities vis-�-vis the adaptation and national development goals of the country. Tri-Partite Review (TPR) organized by UNDP-Dhaka will be carried out. The DOE will prepare and submit to UNDP an Annual Project Report (APR) two months prior to the TPR meeting. APRs would provide a more in-depth summary of work-in-progress, measuring performance against both implementation and impact indicators. A Terminal Report would be completed prior to the completion of the project detailing achievements and lessons learned. UNDP will also undertake annual monitoring visits to the country to assess project developments in accordance with UNDP procedures for Monitoring and Evaluation. Financial Reports will be prepared by the DOE and submitted to UNDP on a quarterly basis in accordance with the Guidelines for National Execution. Reference: * David L. Olson : Introduction to Information Systems Project Management, McGraw Hill . * David L. Cleland , Lewis R. Ireland : Project Management : Strategic Design and Implementation, McGraw Hill. * Avraham Shtub, Jonathan F. Bard, Shlomo Globerson : Project Management: Processes, Methodologies, and Economics, Prentice Hall. * I.M.D. Little & J.A. Mirrlees : Project Appraisal & Planning for Developing Countries. * Avraham Shtub, Jonathan F. Bard, Shlomo Globerson : Project Management: Processes, Methodologies, and Economics, Prentice Hall. * Bangladesh: Pursuing Common Goals: Strengthening Relations between Government and Development NGOs, The World Bank, UPL, Dhaka * Merdith & Mantel : Project Management (Meredith), * Skylark Chadha : Managing Projects in Bangladesh (Chadha), * Brigham et. al : Decisions in Financial Management : Cases ( Part II). * Lya Squire & H.G.Van de Tak : Economic Analysis of Projects. 1 1 ...read more.

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