Torque Physics Lab Report. The purpose of this experiment was to help understand torque by not only measuring it but also by manipulating and adjusting the weights experimentally.
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Experiment 7: Torque Physics 1100-ETR6B: Professor Viraht Sahni 10/18/2011 Emily Callejo and Max Vlasyuk Objective The purpose of this experiment was to help understand torque by not only measuring it but also by manipulating and adjusting the weights experimentally. Procedure In order to perform all the procedures a few instruments were required a meter stick, a triple beam balance, suspension clamps and their stirrups, a knife edge, as well as weights of 50 and 100 grams and a spring scale. The meter stick was weighed (without the clamp), and its center of gravity was found (it's not usually exactly at 50cm), the 6 clamps were weighed as well. For the first part the meter stick was put on 35cm and a 100g weight was adjusted until the center of balance was found, the position was recorded, this was than done with 150g and 50g. Once the values were recorded the weight of the bar was calculated and the average was found. For the next part of the experiment three weights were attached anywhere on the bar, the center one was adjusted till there was equilibrium and than the force was measured with a spring scale.
Position (cm) Force (N) = m*g Force Down F1 0.100 25.0 0.980 F2 0.100 44.0 0.980 F3 0.171 48.5 1.68 F4 0.050 58 0.490 F5 0.050 78 0.490 Force Up (spring) F6 0.300 90 -2.94 Table 5: Torque Table Direction of Torque Force # Force (N) = m*g Position on meter stick (cm) r= position from axis of rotation (m) (N*m) + F1 0.980 25.0 0.15 0.147 + F2 0.980 44.0 0.34 0.333 + F3 1.68 48.5 0.385 0.646 + F4 0.490 58.0 0.48 0.235 + F5 0.490 78.0 0.68 0.333 - F6 -2.94 90.0 0.80 -1.96 Questions: The motion of the rigid system will move up in the counter clockwise direction if the condition for equilibrium is not satisfied in which the spring has greater force. The opposite will happen if the meter bar and weights have a greater force than the spring. The same goes for the Torque. If the second condition for equilibrium is not satisfied and there is greater torque of the spring, the system will move in the counter clockwise motion and will move clockwise if the Torque is greater for the meter bar.
This percent error is low enough to be negligible and to confirm the equation used for Part II. In Part III and IV, the forces acting on the meter stick are in the vertical direction. Since the meter stick was level, the angle was 180 degrees meaning the force acted on the axis on either side of the center of balance. The experiment should have observed that the net force and net torque acting on the meter stick is equaled to zero. However, experimental results show that the net force is not zero. The net torque is not zero as well. However, the net torque value approaches zero more than the experimental values do. Therefore, the torque equation may be confirmed in this experiment, but the force equation cannot because the values are too far from zero. This may be because the presence of error in this lab is high. Errors occurred in this lab are due to inaccurate measurements of position. It was difficult to keep the meter bar steady to find where the stick is level. Also, there may have been something wrong with the balance and springs because they are very old, rusted equipment and may not work as accurately as they did when they were new. Overall, we were able to understand the concept of torque, even if there were errors in our experiment.
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