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University Degree: Anthropology
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By calling for this 'triple viewpoint' of physiology, psychology and sociology, Mauss succeeded in surpassing both the reductionist definition of man's psychological life as a set of relatively autonomous elements, as well as the demotion of social phenomena to exclusively one category of factors (Mauss, 1979). Such a view is complemented by the distinction Mauss makes between a human being's awareness of body and mind - a self-awareness that is universal and manifested through language, and the social concept of the person as a fact of law and moral (Fontaine, 1996; Mauss, 1996).
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In order to investigate this process, the anthropologist must study the 'most rudimentary classifications made by mankind, in order to see with what elements they have been constructed' (Durkheim, Mauss: 1963: 9). The simplest systems of classification for Durkheim and Mauss are found among the tribes of Australia, and there, the classification of things is a reproduction of the classification of people - all objects in nature are classified according to the division of tribes into moieties and moieties into clans, and all of these into marriage classes.
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Because groups are typified by shared goals that operate in the group's own interest, and entitative groups are seen as causal agents- that is, as originating action- out groups are expected to act on their own interests, which will be hostile to other groups (Oberg, 1948). Indeed, groups are more competitive than individuals. Both fear of losing control over one's outcomes and greed to enhance self contribute to group competitiveness. Group members conflict over controlling resources. In social dilemmas, individual self-interest conflicts with collective interest, creating mixed motives.
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Leiris was genuinely beholden "to his nation and class, and the preservation of their interests"1. All was undertaken within a colonial framework. This sense of being indebted to the French upper classes was intensified by the fact Leiris came from such an area of society. It seems for the most part of this book that the group as a whole surveyed their surroundings with a sense of "conquistador" binarism. The idea is that Leiris' writing took its significance from his experience of the primitive Other, in relation to the civilised state in which he saw himself.
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One is the artistic output, defined and valued by aesthetic criteria and emerging from a community of creative people. The other takes culture to be an all-encompassing concept about how the lives carry on, the senses of place and person that make people human. In the past, popular culture may be just defined as mass popular. That means class distinctions become less important in early time, the common forms had live performance including speaking, singing, dancing, etc. Storey (2003:37) reports that opera was established as a widely available form of popular entertainment consumed by people of all social classes.
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I will use four vconcepts to debate cultural globalization i) stretched social relations, meaning the existence of a global cultural network. ii) intensification of flows, an increase in cultural exchange iii) increasing interpenetration, the way cultures come face to face, and iv) global infrastructure, the institutions needed for globalization to function. [clear enough!] Globalists, v who view globalization as inevitable and above the agency of individuals or institutions, are divided as to whether cultural globalization is good or bad and base their argument heavily on quantative data.
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Whichever way you imagine a 'Ladette' it is safe to say that the feeling towards them is never positive. What positive point could we make about them, apart from perhaps the fact that they are practising equality by assuming 'male' traits and enjoying themselves in a detrimental way? Therefore with such a negative perception, we should feel that this is a worrying development and that women should not be acting this way. One main reason being, drinking to excess and flaunting themselves is dangerous. So where did this culture come from and why are girls behaving this way? Some believe that this culture has been around for about ten years now, however in the 1990's there was only 'Lad' culture and women were yet to have joined in!
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This solution is appropriate as the researcher has mentioned earlier that the reluctance of the Malay workers to directly voice their discontent to the management as to show their respect (p. 6). This research is built on theories and frameworks in the study that was conducted by Brown and Levinson (1978). The theoretical framework is explicitly designed to explain the role of indirectness in polite behaviour. According to Brown and Levinson, indirectness is used for several reasons including to avoid from invading someone's territory, for example by embarrassing him or her (Bruti, 2006).
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It is widely estimated that 80% of all language is non-verbal. We sometimes don't recognise it but body language occurs in almost every situation. When talking to someone it is often not what we say that has the greatest effect on the person but the way we say it and our body expressions that we use to say it. Language is closely linked to culture because it varies from one culture to another. In Fiji raising the eyebrows shortly in response to someone's question is simply an agreement to the statement they have made but in other cultures this expression may be an insult.
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Suicide and Chinese Culture Maxine Hong Kingston's essay "No Name Woman," is a gender focused story describing some of the behavior and beliefs of the Chinese culture. It entails Kingston's mother revealing to her her unmentionable aunt
All married women blunt-cut their hair in flaps behind their ears or pulled back in tight buns. No nonsense. Neither style blew easily into heart-catching tangles. And at their weddings they displayed themselves in their long hair for the last time." (328). In other words a woman was viewed as strange if she primped and fussed over her appearance. If she wore clothes of certain colors or styles it said something about her personality and demeanor. Furthermore, men could tell if a woman was available for marriage if her hair was long and flowing. If a woman was already married it was expected she should pay little attention to her appearance.
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But paying off the loan can be the difficult part. If people cannot pay back the money they borrowed on time then their debt ever increases till they can pay back the debt. This can cause a lot of trouble and stress to not only the person whom the debt belongs to but also the people that gave the loan. Sometimes people turn to a life of crime to get their money but once they have done it once and succeeded then they have an urge/craving to do it again and again and again.
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How useful is the term "counter-culture" to describe developments in Western Society during the 1960s? Discuss with reference to any three of the five disciplines represented in Block 6.
Movements considered "counter-cultural" were also supported by many who did not consider themselves part of the" counter-culture", opposition to the Vietnam War, Nuclear War, and concerns for the Environment were concerns, which existed throughout society. This new freedom of expression and concern for Human Rights began in the late fifties but saw an acceleration of change during the sixties and continued into the early seventies. This period categorized as "the long sixties by Eric Hobsbawn, in his work "Age of Extremes" (Block 6 pg 31)
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When examining PepsiCo it is important to acknowledge that the organisation has many internal and external stakeholders. These stakeholders can vary from those with minority interests
It is unlikely that minority stakeholders will have a significant degree of influence in the firm's strategy. Instead, it will be the major stakeholders who are able to influence the organisation's strategy. Below is a diagram of the Stakeholder Mapping: Power/Interest Matrix (figure 1). This concept is being used to demonstrate the level of interest and influence from the different stakeholder sector. Stakeholder Mapping: Power/Interest Matrix Figure 1 Level of Interest Low High Minimal Effort > General Public Keep Informed > Employees > Suppliers > Partners > Environmentalists Keep Satisfied > Customers Key Players > Chairman and CEO > Board of Directors > Governments > Shareholders Low High The diagram illustrates the major stakeholders in PepsiCo are the CEO, the Board of Directors, and the shareholders.
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What's worth to mention, the power culture is concerned as political organization in which decisions are taken very largely on the outcome of a balance of influence rather than on logical grounds. Power cultures tend to be very proud and strong. The degree of their strength will depend in obvious way on personality of the leader. He or she has to be power-orientated, politically minded and risk-taking. One has to keep in mind that no matter how strong personality the leader has, he or she needs to be very careful when the organisation expands.
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The Stories "A Stench of Kerosene and "Veronica " have the same message to get across which is the role of women and they have both presented two different cultures
In the story 'Veronica' the author has tried to give the impression that women are born to grow up, get married and take care of the family evidence for that" I have to go cook my father will be home soon". The author shows that women are not supposed to be given the choice of an education and career. In 'Veronica' it provides us with the information that Women in Africa have been brought up in a way that from childhood they have been told not to have a qualification or a career, as it says "No the city is for you not for me what will I do once I get there?
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That is, when words written on paper were organised in such a way that they were not easily lost. Traditional people tend to rely on story telling from parent to sibling for culture to be relayed in such a way that makes life more meaningful and abundant in things that make people happy. 1 Culture contributed to social sustainability in traditional Australian Aboriginal societies because the family was at the centre of work and economic life. Aboriginal law concerning kin country meant that there were certain places that were taboo to visit. That is, a family residing in Dreaming tract x were required by law to stay there unless invited by another family into their country, Dreaming tract y.
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'One of the fundamental problems of the criminal justice system is its excessive reliance upon the discretion of individual actors'. Discuss in the context of policing. One of the fundamental problems of the criminal justice system is the amount of d...
Firstly it should be established whether there is an excessive reliance upon the discretion of individual actors. The introduction of PACE introduced wide stop and search powers. However an objective basis for this was included, stating that there should be a reasonable suspicion, there needs under s 1(3) to be 'reasonable grounds for suspecting that evidence of relevant offences will be found'. However this is an elusive concept, one which although appearing to give police guidelines to limit their discretion in fact adds to their discretion, as what they decide is reasonable will be largely based upon personal decisions.
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Media and Globalization and how the concept of "cultural imperialism" could be applied to the Disney Animations
The global flows of information are mostly believed to be a one-way traffic from "the west-to-the-rest" on one hand due to the historical colonist background that helps imposing their own culture on the others, and on the other hand owning to the technological mediated commodities that rely on the most modern and sophisticated machineries in transmitting media messages, and the growth of cable, satellite TV and internet lead to a globalized world that rely heavily on technological communication systems. Unfortunately, these technological devices are held by the west thus result in western domination.
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Discuss the role of media studies in making sense of the political, economic and cultural meaning of everyday life
From local to global levels, the media has an enormous influence on the political aspects of peoples' lives. From the television, news papers, political campaigns and other mediums, people gain their own point of view of society. This point of view varies from person to person as their interpretation of the media may differ. Many people take the media at face value "they [the media] are constantly blamed for all kind of social ills, political problems and cultural degeneracy"1, but media studies, enables people to raise many questions about different media texts.
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Basit T (1997) I want more freedom, but not too much: British Muslim girls and the dynamism of family values. Gender and Education, Volume 9 (4). How do you perceive other ethnic groups? Do you base it on stereotypical views?
"South Asian origins are mainly close knit, cohesive units and family loyalties are very strong". Basit, T (1997). This quote shows Basil, T's opinion of South Asian origins; this can be mostly true as they respect their elders and help each other out when needed. Which shows that they are close knit. They live as a big family this shows that some South Asian families are cohesive units and that there family loyalties do play a big role in their everyday lives.
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These marriages take place in the traditional Chinese practice and some upper Caste Hindu families. The less extreme form is where the future bride and groom have a say in the decision of their marriage. If one of them decides they do not want to go through with the arranged marriage, the marriage will not take place. In the Islamic religion, forced marriages are forbidden. Marriages must only take place with the consent of both partners, and they have a right to disagree with their parent's choice.2 Every culture has a different tradition as to at what age the marriage is arranged, who arranges it, and who has to agree with it for the marriage to take place.
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To evaluate this, I will consider the empirical adequacy of the theory, its coherence and its comprehensiveness. My conclusion will show, that while all three main theories have persuasive elements to them, overall the Inter-nationalist view would seem to be the most robust when examined closely. We will look first at globalization. Globalization is characterised by four key factors. 'Stretched social relations' created by networks of connection across the world in politics, economics and cultural spheres. The second factor is 'intensification of flows' transcending national barriers across all areas of cultural 'goods' including television and radio, cinema, music, and printed matter.
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Women could also be the audience although the majority readers would be men. I will now explain the quotation and elaborate on its meaning with reference to the media text. By glancing through the front cover's (Appendix 1) photograph and decoding the signs that made up the word "naked", one might misinterpret the text's content to be on pornography. However, by reading the subsequent word "truth" and the interview piece (Appendix 2), one should notice the insertion of the word "naked" prior to "truth" was to emphasise on the point that the interview narrated the "exposed facts" about Jaymee's life, hence "naked truth".
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Finally, I will be concluding the analysis of the articles with some insights. Myth: is it really FICTITIOUS? The general view or opinion is that a myth is something that is false or not true. Today, humans are more reflective, philosophical and analytical of events placed before them. We started out as mythical thinkers, moving to a mystic, asking questions approach. Then finally moving to an analytical way of thinking. Today, it is harder to believe in myths as we are focused on numbers, facts and statistics. Stories were told by the word using imaginative pictures, then transgressed to words, arguments and intensive language and finally a reliance on numbers and statistics.
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Use your chosen ethnography to examine ways in which the ordering of relatives may reveal information about spiritual, political or economic life among the people you have studied.
(p.109) In western culture, family means father, mother and siblings which can be described as the nuclear family structure. In Korea however, family means something much wider. It includes grand parents, parents, siblings, uncles, aunties, and cousins in the extended family structure. And some people still live as an extended family or live with their elderly parents after marriage.
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