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University Degree: Anthropology

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  1. "The concept of diaspora…disrupts and unsettles our hitherto settled conceptions of culture, place and identity"(Hall 1995:207) Explain and discuss. Use examples to illustrate your answer.

    One of the primary reasons for diasporic identities stems from colonisation and empire, e.g. the 'black', Chinese and Asian diaspora's evident in the U.K. today. This essay shall provide a background of the recent patterns of diaspora, critically review the role of space and place in the generation and maintenance of diasporic identities, critically discuss Hall's argument, and suggest the consequences of diasporic forms of culture, place and identity. References and examples will be used throughout. Following the end of the Second World War many of the colonised countries were released, prompting a flow of migrants from the former colonies to the colonial nations.

    • Word count: 1972
  2. Creativity and innovation have become increasingly important qualities in recent times. As a consequence of this a great deal of study has gone into how such qualities can be developed or enhanced.

    These include: history; primary function and technology; goals and objectives; size; location; management and staffing; and the environment. By appreciating these key influences we will be able to take better - informed decisions as to the practical measures that we should take. The history of the firm refers to the reason, and the manner in which, the organisation was originally formed and the philosophy of its owners and first senior managers. Key events in the history of the organisation such as mergers are also important factors in determining culture. Primary function and technology is the nature of the organisations business and main function.

    • Word count: 1755
  3. Popular Music And Declining Culture: A Call For Accomodation.

    MacDonald continues along these lines in his essay, "A Theory of Mass Culture" by examining specific examples of how kitsch has influenced, and debased various forms of high-culture. Hoggart's essay also examines the decline of substance in mass culture as a frenzy of immediate gratification without consideration for the greater payoffs of contemplation and reservation. Williams's essay, "The Analysis of Culture" discusses what he sees as the necessary greater social context of what we understand as culture. Williams also believes that culture can not be removed from the immediate setting of surrounding social events, such that communication between generations is always stigmatized by an inevitable degree of disconnection.

    • Word count: 1429
  4. Destiny of Tsatsloba in Mountainous Regions of Contemporary Georgia.

    Tsatsloba is not adultery nor perversion. Tsatsali cannot marry his/her tsatsali, I am not aware of such a fact". According to Vaja Pshavela (1964), tsatsloba is an important Pshavi tradition, specifically important for women. He states, that nature had decided to help a Pshavi woman, this subtle violet, who has but short period for her beauty to flourish: let's make her enjoy this short period of her youth with platonic love to somebody she likes. Let's give patience to her parents and relatives to allow young woman and man to sleep together and kiss and hug each other.

    • Word count: 4159
  5. Define culture - The Penan are one of the few remaining nomadic peoples of the rain forest.

    "If they continue to extract timber," said one Penan headman, "our lives will wither like leaves on the trees..." The world in which the Penan is living in, is threatened and is slowly coming to a halt at a rapid rate, as their homeland in the Malaysian state of Sarawak is undergoing one of the highest rates of logging on earth. The destruction of the forest in which these nomads have lived in for generations is forever being altered as the lives of the Penan and the other indigenous peoples of the rain forest are miss placed, these cultures will soon cease to exist if this hazardous attack on the forest and its residence is not stopped immediately.

    • Word count: 908
  6. Comics: American liberty or suppression?

    The principles of the fast-food restaurants, or also of credit cards (Ritzer, 1993), are regarded slightly different, depending on the author writing on the topic. The history of the concept of the past century is investigated to arrive at a general explanation of the thesis in the end. Well conceivable is the fact that the concept of America had already been formed theoretically before it was discovered (Kroes, 1996, p.1, 172). Myths and fantasies had emerged around the concept in Europe, while it was referred to as "the land of promise" (p.8), "a world of freedom" (p.172)

    • Word count: 2838
  7. How can we account for the spectacular rise of the Arabs?

    Equally, serious contentions have been made by Crone as to the notions of a lucrative Arabian trade in luxury items surviving into the seventh century, as well as Mecca's role as an important hub within it. Thus, in order to account for the 'spectacular rise of the Arabs,' one needs to examine several crucial factors. Firstly, one needs to assess the role that decline in both the Byzantine and Persian Empires was to play, as well as to a lesser extent that of the Himyaritic and Kindan Kingdoms.

    • Word count: 1986
  8. Culture is an important goal in the study of archeology. Archeologists study about the cultures of past human societies and civilizations. In archeology, the aspect of culture can be referred in twoways - non-material and material.

    However, it's not always that these remnants are preserved in a complete good condition. Things do not turn up in complete sets. Usually, they are worn out and fragmented pieces from a certain artifact or fossil. This is due to exposure in the places or soil which they are found to also elements of decay and corrosion. It may also be due in part to human or animal activities which cause these things to be lost or fragmented. Ancient civilizations and societies usually turn up with little or no written records at all about them and if there are, they have never been found.

    • Word count: 742
  9. Existential Therapy: A Cultural Perspective.

    (Epp, 1998, para. 35) These issues are present in every culture, gender, ethnic background, religious belief and sexual orientation. Additionally, every human being must come to terms with all of these issues and give meaning to them. From an existentialist view, this meaning is formed by a person's interaction with their world. As people evolve and search for meaning, they may encounter the need for counseling or therapy. The existential therapist works with the client to investigate their behavior and review how social and cultural conditioning affects them.

    • Word count: 922
  10. Analyse Orientalism as a tool for deconstruction images of the Third World.

    The usefulness of Said's work can be demonstrated through showing how purported descriptions of an anterior reality for women in the 'third world' are burdened by the legacy of imperial modes of thought. For Reina Lewis it was in the past "not so much that 'imperial culture' developed to promote imperialism, but that, as a pervasive economic, social, political and cultural formation, the imperial project could not but influence how people thought, behaved and created" (Lewis, 1996, p64). Indeed, the prejudice Orientalism helps us perceive in the writing of some Western feminists lies precisely in their desire to liberate their subjects from the discrimination facing them.

    • Word count: 1556
  11. The Emergence of Jewish thought in the Enlightenment

    This would also put such officials in good standing with the Christian Church. The people of that time must have felt so violated and uneasy. One day they could be free and the next they could be owned by the state or thrown out of the country like what Isabelle and her husband did in 1492 in Spain. "The real motive was the religious zeal of the Church, the Queen, and the masses. The official reason for driving out the Jews was that they encouraged the marranos to persist in their Jewishness and thus would not allow them to become good Christians."

    • Word count: 2230
  12. Communication is the process whereby information is being exchanged between different parties.

    Lastly, the same parcel will be received. It is important to understand that in the concept of the SMR Model, the receiver is assumed to interpret the message as intended by the sender. The SMR model is one that is simple and easy to interpret. It is a general concept that can be used to represent communication practices using technologies like radio and telephone. For radio, the SMR model can be applied in a sense that the broadcasters as senders would plan programs which are the messages to be aired for listeners who would be the receivers.

    • Word count: 1195
  13. The media is a very powerful force.

    Representation is continuously at play within our civilization. Everything we read, watch and hear through the media represents something about our society. It may not adequately represent the reality, but it does represent certain ideals within society. Therefore, it is essential to look at representation in its many forms. As Leisbet Van Zoonen asserts "There is no such thing as a delivered presence or "truth in cultural discourse, but inevitably a re-presence or representation" (Questioning the Media: A Critical Introduction 1995: p 319).

    • Word count: 3358
  14. Discuss English band Blur's textual representations of British national identity, and analyse to what extent these representations are ideologically constructed.

    PARAGRAPH 5 STRATEGY: Blur's paradigm creates a representation of British identity that is very exclusive and is therefore inaccurate. SUMMARY: Critiques Blur's representation of national identity and concludes that its exclusivity makes it inaccurate. Omission of racial minorities, women and those outside of the working classes does not portray accurately what it means to be British, or therefore, Britain's identity. States that all representations are, simply that, mere representations. Discuss English band Blur's textual representations of British national identity, and analyse to what extent these representations are ideologically constructed.

    • Word count: 1459
  15. Man is a social being and as such, one of his innate need is the desire to form interpersonal relationships with other human beings.

    of union she wants to develop base on the man's capability of dealing with these issues adequately. In an attempt to explain, the gender differences observed in the mate selection process, Trivers (1972) proposed an evolutionary psychological theory in which he introduced the idea that males and females adopt different mating strategies because their roles in reproduction are different. In that, females experienced higher risks than males in opposite-sec interaction because they have higher investment in the offspring that are produced from these interactions. In addiction, females release one per month for fertilization which results in them having a lower potential fertility than that of males who produced millions of sperms per day.

    • Word count: 1415
  16. The Terms "West Indian" and "Caribbean" and the colonial problematizing of identity.

    Knowing this, how then do we define ourselves? For convenience in this discourse I will refer to the "Caribbean" to speak about the region. The Caribbean as a unified region conferring some sense of collective citizenship and community is a figment of the imagination. 'The Caribbean" is a geographical expression often associated with a site, a sea and several islands. Many tourists will tell you that they have been to the Caribbean and that it is a real place. They have seen Caribbean people and can attest to a Caribbean reality.

    • Word count: 1873
  17. Adaptation to Living in China - the meaning of Guanxi in Chinese Culture.

    As we mentioned, the subject is very wide and we cannot include everything there is to say about guanxi. When we have decided what to include and not include in the essay, we have kept in mind the task we were given by the managers. We were asked to write about things concerning guanxi that could be useful to know for a Western businessman moving to China. Therefore, in the first chapter we will deal with the origins of guanxi.

    • Word count: 4771
  18. The relationship between men and women in society from the feminist perspective.

    and including those women and groups who have been pushed to the margins of our society by a culture which privileges white, male, middle-class and Judeo-Christian values above all others. We recognize that women's experiences are different from men's and we want to express that uniqueness, knowing that isolation and misunderstanding are barriers to feminist expression. We want to understand where women are coming from and how that affects the way we see the world. As feminists, we must give ourselves permission to validate and affirm all of our experiences, from working in the home and nurturing and caring for children to developing careers and breaking down barriers in non-traditional settings.

    • Word count: 675
  19. Critically discuss in detail the rise and fall and (if applicable) legacy of one youth culture and its musical association - Drum and Bass, Jungle.

    Choosing to (much like the music itself) sample the 'best bits' from a variety of other previous music cultures. Jungle and Junglists can be seen as a good example of a sub-culture built on post-modern aesthetics. The music itself has however never truly broken out into the popular mainstream or even the underground dance scene, conversely it has had numerous 'false deaths' but throughout has stayed constant with a solid group of supporters. Firstly, it is crucial to understand the birth of Jungle both as a genre and as a youth culture with a deep respect and acknowledgement of its influences.

    • Word count: 2021
  20. This paper will focus on the Agenda-Setting Theory (McCombs & Shaw, 1972) and how this theory can relate to the decline of Native American culture through the many outlets of the mass media today.

    Everyday we come in contact with the mass media in one form or another. Whether it is print or broadcast, for many of us the media is a staple in our fast-paced lifestyles. No matter where we turn we are bombarded with many different forms of culture. Many of these are rather new and have been documented in some form or another. Native American culture has no documentation for it has been passed down orally from generation to generation. Some aspects of these are sacred and shouldn't be shared with just anyone, but a great deal of these hold very complex philosophical ideas which have never been conceived in contemporary society.

    • Word count: 1646
  21. Rhetorical analysis on Redfern speech.

    "It begins, I think, with the act of recognition. Recognition that it was we who did the dispossessing. We took the traditional lands and smashed the tradition way of life. We brought the disasters...We committed the murders." First, Keating employs inclusive technique to include himself in the non-Aboriginal Australians group. Since this group of audience is the target addressee that Keating's speech intends to convince, it is thoughtful for Keating to present himself as a fellow member of the group in order to win the supports. Rather than to speaks as a politician, but to speak on behalf of the group that he belongs to.

    • Word count: 1735
  22. "Comparative Religion: Whither and Why?" Wilfred Cantwell Smith.

    Throughout his essay Smith makes some very strong points that suggest how religion should be studied. He asserts that religion is the study of something unobservable yet very real. This makes sense mainly because Smith defines religion as existing within the hearts of man. Therefore if one studies religion one is studying the faith and beliefs that exist within the inner soul of each person. If one studies religion, according to Smith, one should be studying religion internally, not the documents, religious practices or history. Moreover this understanding of how Smith defines the study of religion allows some of his other more vague claims to make sense.

    • Word count: 1178
  23. Emotional Intelligence: A Closer Look.

    Goleman points out: IQ and emotional intelligence are not opposing competencies, but rather separate ones. We all mix intellect and emotional acuity; people with high IQ but low emotional intelligence (or low IQ and high emotional intelligence) are, despite the stereotypes, relatively rare. Indeed, there is a slight correlation between IQ and some aspects of emotional intelligence-though small enough to make clear these are largely independent entities. "Each of us has embedded in him a large number of thoroughly learned response patterns that can be set off at any time by an appropriate stimulus.

    • Word count: 1986
  24. Identify and analyse the different roles that food and food rituals play in the religions.

    Religious beliefs, rituals, prestige systems, etiquette, social organization, and group unity are related to food. Throughout the Pacific, in Africa, and in most other parts of the tribal world, kinship groups work together in the production of food. Distribution of food is part of traditional obligations between people related biologically and through marriage ties, between clans, and between chiefs and their subjects. The accumulation; of food, particularly for ritual occasions, is a major way of obtaining prestige. At all significant events in the individual's life history - birth, puberty, marriage, death -there must be a feast, and the amount of food reflects the prestige of those giving it.

    • Word count: 2297
  25. Barthes's concepts of second order and punctum & studium.

    Everyone's belief about particular connotations may differ, when they're own educational background and knowledge is brought into play, connotation is very much a question of how language is used. Myths are a culture's way of thinking about something; Roland Barthes has defined 'myth' as the 'rhetoric of ideology'- the way that ideology speaks to us. At any one time our society has many ideologies, feminism, Christianity, etc, a particular ideology usually dominates the society and the rest of the ideologies assume subordinate positions.

    • Word count: 1814

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