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Asylum seekers are particularly vulnerable to poverty due to a range of factors, and live in a state of relative or absolute poverty within the UK

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Poverty profile Asylum seekers are particularly vulnerable to poverty due to a range of factors, and live in a state of relative or absolute poverty within the UK. Many have fled from desperate situations and arrived in the UK with no money and no accommodation. Stringent rules from UK government regarding financial and housing support make it even harder for asylum seekers to avoid living in poverty (Aspinall and Watters, 2010). This profile will look at how Asylum seekers are living in relative/absolute poverty by examining different factors that affect each individual including housing, benefits, employment and health and will identify how failed asylum seekers live in a more severe state of absolute poverty. Housing Percey (2015) reported that the number of asylum seekers in official accommodation in the UK is over 22,500, with 6,000 living in the North West. Liverpool houses around 1,400 compared with only 287 dispersed to the whole of the South East (excluding London) despite Liverpool being one of the most deprived local authorities in the country, with almost 40% of households living at or below the poverty line (Macpherson, 2014). High levels of deprivation are concentrated in the north and centre of the city particularly areas such as Kensington, Tuebrook and Anfield, which is where the highest number of Asylum seekers are dispersed to. ...read more.

Middle

Health Research by MIND (2009) reported that refugees and asylum-seekers face many obstacles in accessing health services in England and Wales. Asylum seekers who are awaiting an outcome of their application or appeal are entitled to free health care, however the regional asylum activism project, reported that people seeking asylum are not getting the healthcare they need, which is putting both individuals and the wider public at risk. Health watch Liverpool (2014) submitted a complaint to NHS England, as a range of GP practices in Liverpool refuse to accept asylum seekers. The report also highlighted barriers asylum seekers face in health services, such as: not knowing the system, language barriers and discrimination from staff. Individuals require a medical declaration to apply for Section 4 support and are faced with charges ranging from £15 - £75. People who are applying for this support generally have no access to financial help and if section 4 is granted, it is on a pre-paid card, which would not allow the individual to pay back any money loaned to afford the medical declaration. Macpherson (2014) reported that there are currently no official figures on the amount of asylum seekers registered with GPs or on their status in the asylum process however Taher (2015) reported that there are 816 patients registered with practices in Liverpool providing the local enhancement service in 2014/15. ...read more.

Conclusion

Asylum Seeker [online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/asylum-support/what-youll-get [Accessed 28th April 2015] Gov.uk (2015b) Job Seeker?s Allowance [online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/jobseekers-allowance/what-youll-get [Accessed 28th April 2015] Gov.uk (2015c) Student Finance [online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/student-finance/further-information [Accessed 1st June 2015] Health Watch Liverpool (2014) Improving Access to GP services [online] Available at: https://regionalasylumactivism.files.wordpress.com/2014/01/improving-access-to-gp-services-healthwatch-liverpool.pdf [Accessed 14th May 2015] MacPherson. P (2014) People seeking Asylum and refugees in Liverpool ? a needs assessment [online] Available at: http://www.cph.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Needs-assessment-of-asylum-seekers-Liverpool-for-JCG.pdf [Accessed 1st June 2015] McNamara, Y (2015) Poverty, asylum seekers and refugees. Unpublished MIND (2009) A civilised society Mental health provision for refugees and asylum-seekers in England and Wales [online] Available at: http://www.mind.org.uk/media/273472/a-civilised-society.pdf [Accessed 14th May 2015] O?Neill, M. & Hubbard, P. (2012) Asylum, exclusion and the social role of arts and culture, Moving Worlds: a journal of transcultural writing, Asylum Accounts, 12:2 Percey. M (2015) Liverpool mayor criticises ?asylum apartheid? BBC News [online] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-merseyside-31353963 [Accessed 28th April 2015] Ramesh. R (2012) Young migrants living 'far below poverty line' The Guardian [online] Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2012/apr/09/young-migrants-below-poverty-line [Accessed 28th April 2015] Red Cross (2014) The Azure Payment card [online] Available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/234776188/Azure-Card-Report-2014 [Accessed 1st June 2015] Refugee Council (2013) Asylum support [online] Available at: http://www.refugeecouncil.org.uk/assets/0003/0290/Asylum_Support.pdf [Accessed 30th April 2015] Taher. M (2015) Liverpool Mental & Physical well-being for people seeking asylum and refugees. Unpublished Topping. A (2009) UK accused over asylum seekers left to live on $1 a day The Independent [online] Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2009/mar/16/asylum-seekers-immigration-poverty [Accessed 28th April 2015] ...read more.

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