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Compare and contrast rational and incremental models of policy making.

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  • Essay length: 1672 words
  • Submitted: 19/06/2006
  • Marked by teacher: (?) Diane Apeah-Kubi
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University Degree Social Work

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This essay demonstrates a basic understanding of rational and incremental models of policy making. Some good points are made with regards to advantages and disadvantages but many of the points would be improved by using examples

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 25/03/2013

The first 200 words of this essay...

Making Public Policy Assignment

Compare and contrast rational and incremental models of policy making.

Decision making is recognised as a fundamental activity of public administration. The debate of rational versus incremental models of policy making is could be viewed as a debate over alternative political systems and values. Rational decision making has a centralising bias, while incrementalism tends to favour representative and pluralist decision making. Additionally, the rational model tends not to favour any community contribution while incrementalism leans towards widespread popular participation in decision making. Despite their numerous differences, both techniques can work well or even fail, depending on the situation in which they are used.

The rational model is aimed at maximising efficiency and 'net value achievement'. This means that all of the values of society are known and that any sacrifice in one or more values required by a policy is compensated for by attainment of other values. This definition could be viewed as interchangeable with the concept of efficiency - it comes down to more than money - all social, political and economic values have to be considered. Many techniques are employed to limit alternatives and to promote effective decision making; these

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