• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Consider what Social and Personal Factors might predict whether People become Victims of Crime and Offenders.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction to Criminal Justice Consider what Social and Personal Factors might predict whether People become Victims of Crime and Offenders. Word Count: 1,946 This essay is going to discuss and examine the personal and social factors which contribute towards someone becoming a victim and an offender. There is a vast amount of factors that can influence someone conducting in criminal behaviour or contributing towards someone becoming a victim, but due to the limitations of this essay only four factors will be discussed, these being someone's geographical area, their socio-economic status, their gender and their age. Also as there are so many crimes that someone can fall a victim to or commit, this essay is only going to talk about these factors in relation to the crimes of domestic burglary, personal theft or robbery and violent crime. This essay also hopes to demonstrate how these four factors not only link with all of the discussed crimes but that the factors also link with each other. These factors come from many different branches from a various amount of subjects such as psychology, sociology and social-biology, but many of these are based on theories conducted through academic research (Jones,2006). This essay is going to discuss these factors in a more scientific and mathematical manner by using information deprived from statistical evidence from official statistics, such as police records, and from victimization surveys, such as The British Crime Survey. This essay is also going to use research conducted by The Home Office and other governmental agencies. ...read more.

Middle

This is mainly down to the high number of technical possessions students and young people possess, such as laptops, mobile phones and IPods. Research conducted by Harrington and Mayhew (2002) showed that a rise in phone robberies was greater than any other street robbery, with street robbery being one of the most violent forms of personal theft. The majority of those that fall victims to street robbery are males at 76% with 45% of those aged 20 or under, and those that commit these crimes are also male making up 96% of suspects with approximately 50% being under 20 years old (Smith, 2003). This again shows a common link between offenders and victims, and Smith (2003) found that since 1993 the age of victims has been getting lower, down to as young as 11 years old and that the age of the offender has also correlated to this. This again is linked to lifestyle and social status as those from a lower class background would be those that are populating the streets at night, due to not having much to occupy them at home or wanting to be with their peers. Being with their peers can also contribute towards someone being more inclined to commit a street or personal robbery as 62% of all recorded robberies consisted of two or more suspects, and these seemed to pray on younger male victims compared to them committing the crime their self. Violent crime can be linked to many other categories of crime, including domestic burglary and street robbery. ...read more.

Conclusion

The risk of our geographical area has shown that those areas that are populated by young, single professionals or those consisting of single parents and unemployed members of society are at a higher risk of many different forms of crimes. Much to the public's belief, which is largely influenced by the media portraying the crimes that would shock society the most such as young males violently assaulting an elderly women or a young female attacked and assaulted by a family member, of the most vulnerable and victimized members of society being females or the elderly, this essay has shown that in fact those most at risk are young males, which has shown that although young males are more associated with committing crimes, they are also their own main victims. The statistics for female victims and offenders do correlate with each other in the relationship that they are both low in numbers but this could be down to many females not wanting to report their crimes or criminal justice agencies being too soft on them and not arresting and charging them as much as they do to males. As it stands this essay has concluded that the typical offender of the crimes it has discussed is a young male aged 16-25 years old and from a low socio-economical background and a typical victim of these crimes is the same. Therefore more crime prevention manners could be put into place in order to reduce the risks and factors involved in becoming the typical victim and offender, or maybe more means need to go into measuring crime accurately as there seems to be a low representation of female victims and offenders. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Criminology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Criminology essays

  1. Research Proposal. Public perception of child sex offenders: has the media influenced our perceptions ...

    Research abuse within 'statutory care environments' (Greer, 2003:2) uses academics such as Campbell (1988), Nava (1988), Franklin and Parton (1991; for 'predatory strangers' (2003:2) Best (1990), Kitzinger (1999) and Websdale (1999) and for sexual abuse within the home academics to be considered, Kitzinger (1996)

  2. Can there be such a thing as a victimless crime? Discuss with examples.

    If one is addicted then surely they cannot make the same decisions as a normal reasonable minded person, in which case they are in fact a victim of the drug.

  1. Literature Review - Male Rape.

    But I felt really shit, depressed and tearful and stuff like that' (Allen 2002) Unlike other studies Allen doesn't just investigate the effects of male rape on heterosexual men but also on homosexual and bi-sexual men. She tends to focus a lot of her research on the different ways and when the victims considered the attack as rape.

  2. Restorative justice is currently hailed as a progressive way to deal with young offenders. ...

    The outcome was better than expected. Realising what harm he'd caused, not only physically to the lady's home, but emotionally causing her to have to move into sheltered housing for fear of it happening again, the offender explained to her he was on drugs, desperate for cash, and was sorry for what he'd done.

  1. How can research and evidence based practice inform effective interventions with substance misusing offenders?

    Determining success of treatment by offender self-assessment may be impractical as the majority of offenders proclaim themselves "cured" after the minimum number of sessions, (Barnard et al:l989). Fuller et al (1998) found that Probation areas tended to favour this approach and few were actually analysing re-conviction data to demonstrate efficacy of programmes.

  2. The Rise Of Female Criminology and Female Crime.

    Quote ? Lombroso?s argued it was females natural passivity that withheld them from breaking the law, as they lacked the intelligence and incentive to become a criminal?( Lombroso?s 1980) Nonetheless a well-known datum, in the world of criminology that the criminality of woman has been ignored by many centuries, women have always been seen as mediocre to men.

  1. What social and personal factors might predict whether people become the perpetrators of crime?

    When you ask someone to think of a criminal, they usually imagine someone rather unpleasant that they would rather not personally encounter. If you asked them to then describe that individual, they would inevitably provide you with a very common, but generalised description of what that person or ?criminal? would look like.

  2. If there was less violence in the media, there would be less violence on ...

    by making this visible, and temptation arises within individuals therefore causing them to carry out an act to be able to access the means (Reiner 2007). It can also be argued that the media increases awareness of different ?criminal techniques? through things such as, comics and programmes like ?the real

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work