• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

CRISIS INTERVENTION AND TASK-CENTERED MODELS IN SOCIAL WORK

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CRISIS INTERVENTION AND TASK-CENTERED MODELS IN SOCIAL WORK ARUN PAUL CONTENTS 1. Crisis Intervention 03 a. What Theory Says 03 b. Stages in Crisis Intervention 04 c. Steps in Reintegration 04 d. Model of Crisis Intervention 04 2. Task Centred-Casework 05 a. Problems with which Task Centred Work is effective 06 b. Points of Leverage 06 c. Steps in Task- Centred Work 06 3. Conclusion 08 4. References 08 CRISIS INTERVENTION: NAOMI GOLAN WHAT THEORY SAYS? Naomi Golan, in her book, offers a well-articulated description of crisis intervention theory. She outlines main points of the theory. They are as follows: * Every person, group and organization has crises. * Hazardous events are major problems or a series of difficulties which start crises off. * Hazardous events may be anticipated (like adolescence, marriage, moving house) or unanticipated (such as death, divorce, redundancy, environmental disasters like fires) * Vulnerable states exist when hazardous events cause people to lose their equilibrium, which is their capacity to deal with things that happen to them. * When equilibrium is disturbed, we try out our usual ways of dealing with problems. If these fail we try new problem-solving methods. * Tension and stress arise with each failure. * A precipitating factor on top of unresolved problems adds to the tension and causes a disorganized state of active crisis. This account presents crisis as a sequence, but Parad and Parad describe it as a configuration or matrix, seeing many events as interlocking. ...read more.

Middle

be defined clearly; * Come from things that clients want to change in their lives; * Come from 'unsatisfied wants' of the client rather than being defined outsiders. PROBLEMS WITH WHICH TASK CENTERED WORK IS EFFECTIVE: REID * Interpersonal conflict * Dissatisfaction in social relationships * Problems with formal organizations * Difficulty in role performance * Decision problems * Reactive emotional stress * Inadequate resources * Psychological and behavioral problems not otherwise categorized, but meeting the general definition of problems in the model POINTS OF LEVERAGE Beliefs usually guide our actions. They are changed by interactions between the worker, client and others. Such beliefs are called points of leverage. They can be used to change beliefs. Points of leverage are as follows: * Accuracy, where workers help clients understand how accurate their beliefs are. * Scope, where workers help clients see the implications or range of beliefs which client thinks are more limited. * Consistency, where distortions due to dissonance between one belief and another can be removed by the worker. STEPS IN TASK-CENTERED WORK I. PROBLEM SEPCIFICATION It is the first step, taken early on through agreement with clients to undertake a short period of assessment. Doel and Marsh use a newspaper metaphor. We look first at the front page for the main news, then scan headlines, identify the storylines (details of the problems) and client quotations (putting the whole issue in the client's words). ...read more.

Conclusion

* The worker's contribution is planned. The workers task may involve the following: Working with people other than the client to help the client to complete their tasks; Arranging for rewards and incentives for success; Sharing tasks with clients where they have insufficient skills or resources to do them alone. V. THE ENDING PHASE a. Describing the target problem as it was and it is now, including checking whether it was the most important problem. b. Assessments by the worker, client and others involved of any charges and achievements; c. Planning for the future and helping clients manage evident future problems; d. Additional contracts, to extend the process to finish off properly, or to establish new problem and task definitions; e. An explicit end where (as residential care or continuing supervision of a client subject to legal requirements) contact with the worker or agency continues; f. Movement to a long term treatment process, or arranging for follow-up to check that progress is maintained; g. Referral to another agency for additional or alternative help. CONCLUSION Both theories represent a trend in social work to clearer, more focused activity than the long term, non-directive, insight giving methods of psychodynamic work. However, they are in the traditional lineage of social work problem-solving, using a conventional social work individualizing relationship with clients who are treated on a medical model with the aim of getting better. Crisis intervention, with its more psychodynamic roots, offers a greater emphasis on emotional responses and irrational or unconscious behavior than task-centered work, which assumes greater rationality on the part of clients. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Social Work section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Social Work essays

  1. The concept of a continuum for drug dependence implies that there is also a ...

    level of progress, allowed day, overnight, and weekend leave so as to experience and overcome high-risk situations, and reintegrate back into mainstream society (Butt, 1992). In addition, the majority of TCs provide additional support through aftercare programs that include re-entry or halfway houses (De Leon, 1991b), and emphasise the use

  2. Chosen area of practice:- Adults with Learning Disabilities

    ADSS Lead on Learning Disabilities had this to say on the subject: In considering the objectives and targets it is essential that local authorities establish a series of benchmarks in relation to their provision, numbers of people with learning disabilities, projections of school leavers, numbers in supported employment in work, etc., etc.

  1. Analyse an intervention that took place on your first practice placement

    The Bloggs family is a combination of the Smith family and the Jones family. I have drawn three genograms, one of each family, to enable you to see how the family is related to each other and in what capacity.

  2. Social Work Theory, Methods & Skills

    The key points and main vital themes of Reid and Shyne's experiment was that brief periods of service, concentrating on limited goals chosen by the client, were more often effective and more durable then open-ended work. The basis of this may have been that setting a time limit led to

  1. Social Work Theories

    Anti-discriminatory practice is an attempt to eradicate discrimination and oppression from our own practice and challenge them in the practice of others and the institutional structures in which we operate. In this respect, is a form of emancipatory practice' Lets first start with a definition of oppression: "Inhuman or degrading

  2. Social policy, legislative, and organisational context of social work

    (Giddens 2005 p436) Social Workers are employed in both the voluntary and statutory sector. The later years of the twentieth century saw a shift between local and central government due to high standards of quality health and welfare services monitored by Social Services Inspectorate of the Department of Health.

  1. Crisis intervention, Task centred practice, client centred social work

    The task centred practitioner must impress it upon the client that without his or her commitment to solving the problem, the problem cannot be solved. The social worker is only there to assist the client to resolve their problems. For example once the most urgent problems for Billy and Mary

  2. MULTI-AGENCY WORK IN THE NEW CHILDRENS SERVICES

    fields of operation: the Connexions PA is involved in school provision, counselling and family support; the school is involved in work experience and provision for disaffected young people; the social worker provides a work taster. Because of the multiplicity of resources and the flexibility with which they are used, they

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work