• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

CRISIS INTERVENTION AND TASK-CENTERED MODELS IN SOCIAL WORK

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CRISIS INTERVENTION AND TASK-CENTERED MODELS IN SOCIAL WORK ARUN PAUL CONTENTS 1. Crisis Intervention 03 a. What Theory Says 03 b. Stages in Crisis Intervention 04 c. Steps in Reintegration 04 d. Model of Crisis Intervention 04 2. Task Centred-Casework 05 a. Problems with which Task Centred Work is effective 06 b. Points of Leverage 06 c. Steps in Task- Centred Work 06 3. Conclusion 08 4. References 08 CRISIS INTERVENTION: NAOMI GOLAN WHAT THEORY SAYS? Naomi Golan, in her book, offers a well-articulated description of crisis intervention theory. She outlines main points of the theory. They are as follows: * Every person, group and organization has crises. * Hazardous events are major problems or a series of difficulties which start crises off. * Hazardous events may be anticipated (like adolescence, marriage, moving house) or unanticipated (such as death, divorce, redundancy, environmental disasters like fires) * Vulnerable states exist when hazardous events cause people to lose their equilibrium, which is their capacity to deal with things that happen to them. * When equilibrium is disturbed, we try out our usual ways of dealing with problems. If these fail we try new problem-solving methods. * Tension and stress arise with each failure. * A precipitating factor on top of unresolved problems adds to the tension and causes a disorganized state of active crisis. This account presents crisis as a sequence, but Parad and Parad describe it as a configuration or matrix, seeing many events as interlocking. ...read more.

Middle

be defined clearly; * Come from things that clients want to change in their lives; * Come from 'unsatisfied wants' of the client rather than being defined outsiders. PROBLEMS WITH WHICH TASK CENTERED WORK IS EFFECTIVE: REID * Interpersonal conflict * Dissatisfaction in social relationships * Problems with formal organizations * Difficulty in role performance * Decision problems * Reactive emotional stress * Inadequate resources * Psychological and behavioral problems not otherwise categorized, but meeting the general definition of problems in the model POINTS OF LEVERAGE Beliefs usually guide our actions. They are changed by interactions between the worker, client and others. Such beliefs are called points of leverage. They can be used to change beliefs. Points of leverage are as follows: * Accuracy, where workers help clients understand how accurate their beliefs are. * Scope, where workers help clients see the implications or range of beliefs which client thinks are more limited. * Consistency, where distortions due to dissonance between one belief and another can be removed by the worker. STEPS IN TASK-CENTERED WORK I. PROBLEM SEPCIFICATION It is the first step, taken early on through agreement with clients to undertake a short period of assessment. Doel and Marsh use a newspaper metaphor. We look first at the front page for the main news, then scan headlines, identify the storylines (details of the problems) and client quotations (putting the whole issue in the client's words). ...read more.

Conclusion

* The worker's contribution is planned. The workers task may involve the following: Working with people other than the client to help the client to complete their tasks; Arranging for rewards and incentives for success; Sharing tasks with clients where they have insufficient skills or resources to do them alone. V. THE ENDING PHASE a. Describing the target problem as it was and it is now, including checking whether it was the most important problem. b. Assessments by the worker, client and others involved of any charges and achievements; c. Planning for the future and helping clients manage evident future problems; d. Additional contracts, to extend the process to finish off properly, or to establish new problem and task definitions; e. An explicit end where (as residential care or continuing supervision of a client subject to legal requirements) contact with the worker or agency continues; f. Movement to a long term treatment process, or arranging for follow-up to check that progress is maintained; g. Referral to another agency for additional or alternative help. CONCLUSION Both theories represent a trend in social work to clearer, more focused activity than the long term, non-directive, insight giving methods of psychodynamic work. However, they are in the traditional lineage of social work problem-solving, using a conventional social work individualizing relationship with clients who are treated on a medical model with the aim of getting better. Crisis intervention, with its more psychodynamic roots, offers a greater emphasis on emotional responses and irrational or unconscious behavior than task-centered work, which assumes greater rationality on the part of clients. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Social Work section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Social Work essays

  1. The concept of a continuum for drug dependence implies that there is also a ...

    De Leon (1994) suggests that the most important mechanism for change is the community of peers who confront their fellow resident/s (in encounter groups) when old values and behaviours are displayed, provide positive and negative reinforcements to elicit appropriate behaviour, and serve as role models.

  2. Analyse an intervention that took place on your first practice placement

    A genogram allows an 'Immediate visual representation of the individual or family being assessed'' (Parker and Bradley, 2003, p40). I felt that this would be easier for you to determine the different relationships between each of the family members. The Bloggs family has never had any other form of intervention prior to my involvement.

  1. Chosen area of practice:- Adults with Learning Disabilities

    How Housing Departments will assess the housing needs of people with a learning disability, including those who live with older carers? How people with a learning disability living with older carers will be given housing more quickly than other people.

  2. Social Work Theories

    Thompson (2006) argues that there is no middle ground for social workers; either they actively address and challenge the inequality and oppression experienced by their client's or they work to re-enforce the existing inequalities and oppression of their clients. According to Dominelli (2002)

  1. Within this essay, I will include social work intervention prior to the introduction of ...

    Couldshed and Orme (1998, pg 115) state ' task-centred practice, also known as brief therapy, short-term or contract work has had a significant impact on both social work practice and the organisation of services'. The fact that this method has been updated, by continues research provides evidence of its use in Social Work.

  2. Social Work Theory, Methods & Skills

    The key points and main vital themes of Reid and Shyne's experiment was that brief periods of service, concentrating on limited goals chosen by the client, were more often effective and more durable then open-ended work. The basis of this may have been that setting a time limit led to

  1. Social policy, legislative, and organisational context of social work

    During the first term of Thatcherism polices introduced where concentrated on monetarism; following the 1983 elections many public companies where privatised. (Giddens 2005) In 1997 labour came into power and reinvented itself as New Labour, and embarked on a course of political reform and modernisation, recognising that old politics were

  2. MULTI-AGENCY WORK IN THE NEW CHILDRENS SERVICES

    (Cummings et al., 2007: 52-3) What we see strikingly here is the way in which different professional resources â the Connexions PA, the substance misuse worker, the schoolâs inclusion unit, the social worker â are brought to bear flexibly at the point of need. In particular, there is a good deal of overlap between their

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work