• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critical analysis of the Poverty Policy in South Africa

Extracts from this document...


Critical analysis of the Poverty Policy in South Africa 'This essay will consider the measures that have been embraced by the democratic South African government to combat poverty across different ethnicities as well as evaluating the chosen strategies by the ANC led government. The essay will start by defining what apartheid was as well as how it racially discriminated access to facilities and rights. The essay would also explore the reasons why poverty still exist at a large scale despite the shift in political policy as well as associated factors that are impeding swift eradication of poverty in South Africa. Apartheid in South Africa was a draconian, legal discriminatory system based on racial lines that excluded non-whites (Africans, Indians and Coloureds) from housing, jobs, education, social services, welfare as well as political participation. Apartheid was in existence between the years 1948 to 1994 Mulholland, R (1997). ...read more.


Hassen. E.K. (2005). In an effort to alleviate poverty, the new South African government awarded grants to the elderly (Pension Grant) and children (Child support Grant) Surrender, R, Ntshongwana, P (2007), which are tailored to cushion the severity of poverty, ironically, "the grant is used as income for the entire family" Hassen, E. K (2005) The implementation of such a strategy addresses poverty in selected demographics while ignoring poverty in the bigger and more productive population of the country. Lately, churches and civic groups have been campaigning for a basic means tested income that all South Africans would benefit from irrespective of gender, age or race as long as they are unemployed. It is evident that the majority of the people living below the poverty datum line in South Africa at the end of apartheid were mainly the non-whites, hence the infrastructure that was implemented to alleviate poverty did not address across the whole racial spectrum. ...read more.


The BEE gives preference of economic empowerment (Jobs, Government tenders, education etc) to the black majority. (De Klerk, F. W 2005). The anti poverty policies have been a success in at least awarding grants to certain categories of people as discussed before, but, the inadequacies of the policy are reflected in the continuous rise of criminal incidents in South Africa. In a report on Crime and Inequalities in South Africa, Demombynes and Ozler (2002) argue that, "some economic and sociological theories of crime suggest that there may be a positive relationship between poverty and crime levels", hence the shortcomings in the anti poverty policy in South Africa have somehow contributed to the increase of crime in the country. The South African vice president expressed similar sentiments on poverty in relationship to crime "It is essential to alleviate poverty and unemployment to help cut crime" Mlambo-Ngcuka, P (2007). The other factor that has impinged on the success of the poverty alleviation policy in South Africa is the AIDS/HIV pandemic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Political & Economic Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Political & Economic Sociology essays

  1. Poverty. This essay will give a detailed definition of poverty and will evaluate explanations ...

    In 1985 and 1991, Mack and Lansley asked over 1,000 people what they thought 'necessities' were, and then from their replies made a list of the most commonly agreed necessities. A new term which has recently emerged in discussions of poverty is 'social exclusion'.

  2. There are various definitions of poverty

    The scheme also divided those who were genuinely looking for employment from those who were happy to rely on the state (Lawson and Garrod 1996). If people were unwilling to work then the New Right believed the poverty they experienced was their own fault.

  1. Social policy. Making use of welfare ideologies critically evaluate developments in social policy since ...

    of traditional left policies and the excessive individual personal responsibility of the right. The policy of welfare to work dubbed 'tough love' by British thirdwayers was an early example: a combination of a greater emphasis on personal responsibility to find work backed with the threat of withdrawal of benefits, but

  2. The Department of Social Security released a report on poverty and Social Exclusion in ...

    This enables the attention to be removed from the other side of inequality, the large incomes and wealth that is possessed and enjoyed by a certain portion of the population. "The government has reinforced this acceptance of the overall structure of inequality with its commitment not to raise personal taxes

  1. How extensive is poverty in Britain today? Assess the explanations that have been advanced ...

    State benefits may also be a factor in the growth of single parent families, is another point he argues. Charles Murray developed the cultural theory of poverty further; Murray considers this culture to be amongst the underclass of society. This underclass concept of poverty first emerged in Murray's controversial book 'Losing Ground' published in 1984.

  2. What were the arguments of the New Right against the Welfare State(TM)? How were ...

    The different theories of the role of the state also varied; including traditional views on the role of the state include those from Classical liberals, which portrayed two contrasting views. The first including the view form the 'negative liberal' who argued that the role of the state should be kept

  1. Critically analyse the relationship between globalisation, crime and crime prevention.

    Therefore, it must be, a "form of social organisation that falls short of perfection but holds itself to improvement." During the time of the industrial revolution in Europe, there was a decrease in the number of deaths within societies. This was reflected by a substantial increase in the number of population.

  2. Comparison of two critical works of political thought; the Second Treatise of Government by ...

    a property, to the prejudice of his neighbour, who would still have room for as good, and as large a possession." (Locke, 5.36). He also establishes that you are unable to purchase human beings so the person in a post-money economy is able to purchase the individuals labour because it

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work