• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critical analysis of the Poverty Policy in South Africa

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critical analysis of the Poverty Policy in South Africa 'This essay will consider the measures that have been embraced by the democratic South African government to combat poverty across different ethnicities as well as evaluating the chosen strategies by the ANC led government. The essay will start by defining what apartheid was as well as how it racially discriminated access to facilities and rights. The essay would also explore the reasons why poverty still exist at a large scale despite the shift in political policy as well as associated factors that are impeding swift eradication of poverty in South Africa. Apartheid in South Africa was a draconian, legal discriminatory system based on racial lines that excluded non-whites (Africans, Indians and Coloureds) from housing, jobs, education, social services, welfare as well as political participation. Apartheid was in existence between the years 1948 to 1994 Mulholland, R (1997). ...read more.

Middle

Hassen. E.K. (2005). In an effort to alleviate poverty, the new South African government awarded grants to the elderly (Pension Grant) and children (Child support Grant) Surrender, R, Ntshongwana, P (2007), which are tailored to cushion the severity of poverty, ironically, "the grant is used as income for the entire family" Hassen, E. K (2005) The implementation of such a strategy addresses poverty in selected demographics while ignoring poverty in the bigger and more productive population of the country. Lately, churches and civic groups have been campaigning for a basic means tested income that all South Africans would benefit from irrespective of gender, age or race as long as they are unemployed. It is evident that the majority of the people living below the poverty datum line in South Africa at the end of apartheid were mainly the non-whites, hence the infrastructure that was implemented to alleviate poverty did not address across the whole racial spectrum. ...read more.

Conclusion

The BEE gives preference of economic empowerment (Jobs, Government tenders, education etc) to the black majority. (De Klerk, F. W 2005). The anti poverty policies have been a success in at least awarding grants to certain categories of people as discussed before, but, the inadequacies of the policy are reflected in the continuous rise of criminal incidents in South Africa. In a report on Crime and Inequalities in South Africa, Demombynes and Ozler (2002) argue that, "some economic and sociological theories of crime suggest that there may be a positive relationship between poverty and crime levels", hence the shortcomings in the anti poverty policy in South Africa have somehow contributed to the increase of crime in the country. The South African vice president expressed similar sentiments on poverty in relationship to crime "It is essential to alleviate poverty and unemployment to help cut crime" Mlambo-Ngcuka, P (2007). The other factor that has impinged on the success of the poverty alleviation policy in South Africa is the AIDS/HIV pandemic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Political & Economic Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Political & Economic Sociology essays

  1. Social policy. Making use of welfare ideologies critically evaluate developments in social policy since ...

    of traditional left policies and the excessive individual personal responsibility of the right. The policy of welfare to work dubbed 'tough love' by British thirdwayers was an early example: a combination of a greater emphasis on personal responsibility to find work backed with the threat of withdrawal of benefits, but

  2. Poverty. This essay will give a detailed definition of poverty and will evaluate explanations ...

    In 1985 and 1991, Mack and Lansley asked over 1,000 people what they thought 'necessities' were, and then from their replies made a list of the most commonly agreed necessities. A new term which has recently emerged in discussions of poverty is 'social exclusion'.

  1. There are various definitions of poverty

    The scheme also divided those who were genuinely looking for employment from those who were happy to rely on the state (Lawson and Garrod 1996). If people were unwilling to work then the New Right believed the poverty they experienced was their own fault.

  2. The Department of Social Security released a report on poverty and Social Exclusion in ...

    reduce truancy and school exclusions, street sleepers and to try and develop "integrated and sustainable approaches to the problems of the worst housing estates, including crime, drugs, unemployment, community breakdown, bad schools", (SEU, 1998). What the New Labour wanted was to put forward interventions with children and all the aspects of Social Exclusions that affect ethnic minority groups.

  1. What were the arguments of the New Right against the Welfare State(TM)? How were ...

    Alcock, C. Payne, S. and M. Sullivan, (2004:125). The New Right, as well as the Classical Liberal, has two different views of the role of the welfare state, including Neo-liberalism and Neo-conservatism. Neo-Liberals try to find alternatives to the welfare state, emphasising the economic problems surrounding the idea of relying upon the welfare state.

  2. How extensive is poverty in Britain today? Assess the explanations that have been advanced ...

    This then makes them less likely to take opportunities on offer to them that may help improve their situation. Lewis considered that these individuals lived life for today, spending rather than saving, with little consideration for the future. [Sociology in Perspective, Heinemann] Sir Keith Joseph when secretary of State for

  1. Free essay

    In what ways do definitions of poverty affect conclusions about the extent of poverty ...

    For example the 'norms' and 'values' of society would be: having accommodation with electricity, warm and cold water, indoor toilet and shower. Relative poverty's definition would suggest that without these essentials, the individual is living in poverty.

  2. Critically analyse the relationship between globalisation, crime and crime prevention.

    Therefore, it must be, a "form of social organisation that falls short of perfection but holds itself to improvement." During the time of the industrial revolution in Europe, there was a decrease in the number of deaths within societies. This was reflected by a substantial increase in the number of population.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work