• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically evaluate the current methods employed in the Sex Offender Treatment Programmes (SOTP). Include in your answer an overview of their theoretical foundations

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Student Number - 485030 Word Count - 2250 Critically evaluate the current methods employed in the Sex Offender Treatment Programmes (SOTP). Include in your answer an overview of their theoretical foundations Sexual offenders are complex individuals for the Criminal Justice System (CJS) to effectively deal with. The offences committed by these individuals are recognized as serious and harmful to both their victims and the general public. Crown Prosecution Service (2010) stated the Sexual Offences Act 2003 (the Act) came into force on the 1 May 2004. It repealed almost all of the existing statute law in relation to sexual offences. The purpose of the Act was to strengthen and modernise the law on sexual offences, whilst improving preventative measures and the protection of individuals from sexual offenders. The handling of these offenders is often made more complicated for the government and criminal justice system as notorious cases are more often than not never far from the fierce view of the media. The way in which sex offenders are portrayed by the media is as lonely, predatory sociopaths who are in many ways extremely different to the rest of society, shown by headlines such as ?Pervert in motor with girl and boy? (The Sun, 2012) and ?Judge lets new perv walk free? (Pyatt, 2008). This view has become instilled into the modern day British public whether the offenders are treated or not. The aim of this essay is to critically evaluate the current methods employed in the Sex Offender Treatment Programmes (SOTP), looking at why they exist, the current methods that are in place, and whether they are effective at treating sex offenders. ...read more.

Middle

It?s important to assess whether sex offenders can actually be treated and reduce sex offending as if they are seen to be effective then it is likely that those sex offenders who have completed the programmes will be released back into the community as they are seen as posing a lower risk to society (Brown, 2005: 151). It is therefore important to see whether the risk of the offender to the general public has in fact been reduced by the programmes, and for as stated by Brown, Deakin & Spencer (2008, Pg 9) informing criminal justice policy developments, in providing appropriate resettlement strategies for sex offenders and in devising the appropriate levels of community based support for sex offenders as they reintegrate into the community in the post-sentence period. There is also often the issue of reconviction rates particularly the official reconviction rates for sex offenders. Like all official statistics that are recorded by the police there is usually a level of criticism surrounding them. This feeling is often being felt by criminologists, the reason for this is that is has long been felt that the official crime statistics published for England and Wales for the most part misjudge the actual level of crime. The non-recorded figure is often referred to as the dark figure of crime, the dark figure of crime unreported to the official agencies has been known since the 1830s (Young, 1991, Pg 37). This figure is often partly gained by victimisation surveys such as the British Crime Survey (BCS), however due to the sensitive nature of sexual crimes; this information is not often given during this type of research. ...read more.

Conclusion

(2005). Treating Sex Offenders: An introduction to sex offender treatment programmes. Cullumpton: Willan Publishing. Brown, S. Deakin, J. Spencer, J. (2008). Study of Public Attitudes Towards Sex Offender Reintegration. Retrieved 7th May 2012, From, http://www.equal-works.com/resources/contentfiles/4193.pdf Cobley, C. (2005). Sex Offenders: Law, Policy and Practice. (2nd Ed). Bristol: Jordan. Crown Prosecution Service. (2010). Sexual Offences Act 2003. Retrieved April 3rd 2012, from http://www.cps.gov.uk/legal/s_to_u/sexual_offences_act/#INTRODUCTION Falshaw. L., Friendship. C., Travers, R., Nugent, F. (2003). Searching for What Works: An evaluation of cognitive skills programmes. London: Home Office. Garland, D. (2010) The culture of control, Oxford: Oxford University Press Hale. C., Hayward. K., Wahidin, A., Wincup, E. (2005). Criminology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Home Office. (2006). Information relating to Sex Offender Treatment Programmes (SOTP). London: Home Office. Hudson, K. (2005). Offending Identities: Sex offenders perspectives on their treatment and Management. Cullumpton: Willan Publishing. Macintyre, D. (1993) Major on Crime: ?Condemn more, Understand less?, Retrieved 7th May 2012, From, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/major-on-crime-condemn-more-understand-less-1474470.html McGuire, J. (2004) Understanding Psychology and Crime: perspectives on theory and action. Buckingham: Open University Press. Ministry of justice (2010). What Works With Sex Offender? Retrieved April 30th 2012, From http://www.swmprobation.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/what-works-sex-offender-treatment.pdf Nicholas, S. Kershaw, C. Walker, A. (2007). Crime in England and Wales 2006/07. London: Home Office Statistical Bulletin, Development and Statistics Directorate. Pyatt, J. (2008). Judge lets new perv walk free. Retrieved April 30th 2012, From http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/justice/707258/Sun-Justice-Paedophiles-Judge-Julian-Hall-Lets-new-perv-walk-free.html The Sun. (2012). Pervert in motor with girl and boy. Retrieved April 30th 2012, From http://www.thescottishsun.co.uk/scotsol/homepage/news/article4284619.ece Thomas, T. (2000). Sex Crime: Sex Offending and Society. Cullompton: Willan Ward, T. Sorbello, L. (2003). Explaining Child Sexual Abuse: Integration and Elaboration. London: Sage. Young, J. (1991). The Exclusive Society: Social Exclusion, Crime and Difference in late modernity. London: Sage Publications. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Criminology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Criminology essays

  1. Methods of Uncovering the Dark Figure of Crime

    Sufficient resources must be used in those particular areas of high crime in order to prevent further crime and uncover undiscovered crime. This may have attributed with a 66% decline in crime since in the inception of Compstat in 1994.

  2. Research Proposal. Public perception of child sex offenders: has the media influenced our perceptions ...

    child sex offenders with words used by the media such as 'evil', 'monster', 'sicko' and 'weirdo' (2007:200). Hodgetts and Rua (2008) tend to agree with this theory stating that 'in countries such as the USA, UK and New Zealand tensions surrounding relationships between men and children in public life are worked through, in part, via media reports' (2008:528).

  1. How can research and evidence based practice inform effective interventions with substance misusing offenders?

    ´┐Ż Courts can be persuaded to make use of non-custodial penalties if they have faith in their effectiveness. This strategy was given legislative force in sections 61-64 Crime and Disorder Act 1998 now-sections 52-58 PCC(S) Act 2000 as a response to the ever-growing research evidence of the link between persistent acquisitive offending and drug misuse (Turnbull et al, 2000:3).

  2. Restorative justice is currently hailed as a progressive way to deal with young offenders. ...

    If a willingness is lacking, the chances of restorative justice having a positive impact are drastically reduced (Newburn 2007). In some cases, although participants are willing, they may fail to reach a mutually acceptable outcome or resolution.

  1. Stratagies for Tacling Offending Behaviour.

    The programme has been developed to provide a new approach towards managing offenders who are dangerous as a result of a severe personality disorder. The programme has been developed conjointly by the National Offender Management Service (NOMS), the Department of Health, the NHS and the Prison service.

  2. What are the aims of the Youth Justice System in England and Wales. How ...

    (Jack Straw) This was achieved by August 2001 (AC 2004). To meet the aim 'the 1998' act promoted pre-trial preparation and reversed R v Khan, which prohibited the sentencing of YO whilst they were awaiting a decision from a Crown Court case.

  1. Sexual Offences and Offending Behaviour. Critically compare and contrast the public notification/disclosure programmes currently ...

    Plotnikoff & Woolfson (2000, p. 509) argue, that the central motivation for registration and notification laws is the assumption that sex offenders recidivate more than other offenders and this is why sex offenders are monitored instead of, say, murders or armed robbers.

  2. Critically examine the suggestion that punishment today is as much about risk management as ...

    been adopted to help overcome past problems of racism, sexism and other biases associated with discretionary decision making. (Kempf Leonard & Peterson, 2000, p. 68). However, as Kempf Leonard and Peterson (2000, p. 68) identify standardised prediction instruments carry their own problems.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work