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Define culture - The Penan are one of the few remaining nomadic peoples of the rain forest.

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Introduction

Culture is the distinctive way of life, of a group of people and their complete design for living it is also important for creating social heritage, and it provides people with guiding values, norms and ideals for living. Culture provides the foundation for our thoughts, emotions and actions. Human beings share the same biology and have the same physic nature however how we respond to a range of situations will depend on our cultural influence. Penan's roam the rain forest invisible to us, every step impulsive and holds promise of a better day as a government authorized logging frenzy has all but destroyed the Penan homeland in the Malaysian state of Sarawak on the island of Borneo fewer than 300 Penan nomads remain alive today and to survive as a culture, they must keep moving, but they have almost nowhere left to go as loggers has invaded there homelands and is taking the meaning of home back to western civilization in order to make a better life for them selves. ...read more.

Middle

If these basic methods of healing one self were still in place the eco-system would be in better shape that it is in now. The Penan, like other nomadic hunter-gatherers has developed social relationships, but, the society remains in equilibrium as both sexes are equal, they are no social classes or hierarchies, there is no wealth or poverty, and all food is combined and shared equally to maintain the survival of their culture. Each band has a headman who acts as a spokesperson but wields no power. Although certain tasks are reserved for men and others for women, there is no obvious sexual inequality, and neither sex exercises power over the other. Both men and women are gentle and soft-spoken. Outsiders who observe them are consistently struck by the complete absence of violence among the Penan Many parts of Southeast Asia are blessed with a remarkable wild tree, a resource that provides the basis for a nomadic existence these trees are used to provide sago floor, which can efficiently provide members with food for an extensive period of time. ...read more.

Conclusion

Our life was not easy but we lived it contentedly. Now the logging companies turn rivers to muddy streams and the jungle into devastation. Fish cannot survive in dirty rivers and wild animals will not live in devastated forest. You took advantage of our trusting nature and cheated us into unfair deals. By your doings you take away our livelihood and threaten our very lives. You make our people discontent. We want our ancestral land, the land we live off, back. We can use it in a wiser way. When you come to us, come as guests with respect." These peaceful nomads have no need for violence with in their society but they made it clear they would fight if that's what it meant to preserve their way of life. As time passed their culture was placed on the line and only one thing was left to do, retaliate these peaceful resilient nomads erected a blockade across a logging road in the Tutoh River basin armed with blow pipes (efficient weapon more accrete than the shot gun loaded with poisonous darks) this was one of the most remarkable resistance movements ever mounted by an indigenous people. generations to come. ...read more.

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