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Do Hindus believe in one God and one goal in life

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Introduction

Do Hindus believe in one God and one goal in life? Any scholar would agree on the fact that defining Hinduism is a problem because of the wide variety of beliefs, traditions, practices and ideas that it embraces and also defining it as a religion in the western sense. Indeed some Hindu doctrines and practices seem to contradict each other as the very old mines with the very new, for there lies the complexity, giving birth to what we can call modern and traditional Hinduism and within both a diversity of doctrines and beliefs however there are central tenants that unify it as a religion. We will firstly proceed to analyze the monotheism and polytheism within most Hindu streams and secondly, the goal in life clustered around two concepts, dharma and moksha. The core of Hinduism is the belief in Brahman, the underlying universal life force that encompasses and embodies existence. When discussing on God in Hinduism Brahman is central, he is "the ultimate reality; the eternal, unchanging essence that underlies all things"1 he is meant to be the supreme being who owns personality and is often worshipped as Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva or Shakti depending on the stream. When God is seen as the supreme personal being he is called Ishvara (the Lord), Bhagavan (the auspicious One) or Parameshwara (the supreme Lord). In the Hindu scriptures (the four Vedas or the Baghavada Gita) ...read more.

Middle

They usually tend the family shrine, and they maintain the well-being of their husbands and children by undertaking vows, yet most deities are men and socially speaking men remain the leadership roles in the family, in religion and in politics. We have seen how Hindu practices generally involve seeking awareness of God and sometimes also seeking blessings from Devas ,therefore Hinduism has developed numerous practices meant to help one think of divinity in the midst of everyday life. This importance of gods and worship is directly linked to Hindus main goals in life. According to Hindu scriptures, one's ignorance of the true nature of the self (atman) as one with Brahman is what traps one in the cycle of endless death and reincarnation (samsara). Prominent themes in Hindu beliefs include Dharma (ethics/duties) Samsara (The continuing cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth), Karma (action and subsequent reaction), Moksha (liberation from samsara), and the various Yogas (paths or practices). Thus, the highest goal of Hinduism is liberation moksha from the karmic cycle of death and rebirth. For the millions of people who practice this religion, it is a way of life that encompasses family, society, politics, business, art, and health behaviors. Hinduism is sometimes characterized with the belief in reincarnation determined by the law of karma, and that salvation is freedom from this cycle of repeated birth and death, however other religions of the region, such as Buddhism and Jainism, also believe in this, outside of the scope of Hinduism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Every person has a part to play, and each part is held to be necessary in some way to the ultimate end, the preservation and perfection of a habitable world for humanity. Of the various schools of Hindu philosophy, most of which are sympathetic to moksha, the schools of Yoga and Advaita Vedanta most clearly articulate the vision of humankind's ultimate destiny as a liberation from rebirth. Yoga Sutras (classical yoga) aims at stopping the constant, internal mental cackle and the mind's tendency to be perpetually distracted by the senses. Technically the purpose is to become fully conscious of one's real identity is to slough off previous false identities and to rest content in actionless, desireless bliss and redemptive knowledge. It is also the case that there are always some Hindus who strive to make this life their last, who have renounced the world in hope of moksha, and who provide vivid living witness to the Hindu teaching. The ability to encompass and cherish both points of view, the temporal and eternal, without surrendering entirely to one or the other characterizing the distinctive genius of the Hindu tradition. To conclude, Hinduism encompasses so many doctrines that taking into account all the streams you can find monotheistic, polytheistic and atheists. As for if they have a goal in life, they do, different kinds but in the end all leading to the freedom from continuous rebirth. HYPERLINK \l "cite_note-wern 1 "Hinduism: a cultural perspective" David R. Kinsley 2 " Introducing Hinduism" Hillary Rodrigues ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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