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Groupwork The group consists of 4-8 adults who have various difficulties with learning. The history and background of each client is wide and diverse, but each with their own needs and issues.

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Introduction and background information: Outlook's group My second year placement was at Outlook based in Kirklees, which provides services in the community around drug rehabilitation. Their aim is to provide a high quality service, which helps people to re integrate back into mainstream society. The aim of the agency is to help service users in time to live independently. The group consists of 4-8 adults who have various difficulties with learning. The history and background of each client is wide and diverse, but each with their own needs and issues. The education department is one aspect of the Outlook organisation, it was the education department that set up the sessions and the group There role was to provide training and advice to increase opportunities for adults affected by problematic drug and alcohol use. The education set up the group with the formation of a number of taster sessions. The formation of this group was to enable the clients to overcome barriers and re-integrate them back into society. An objective of the taster sessions is by working together as a group the member could then accomplish the goal of integration. Group Models: In order to explain the processes that the group I worked with underwent I have used a systematic approach to illustrate its development through a number of phases and crisis, drawing on aspects of Tuckman's and Roger's models. It seems to be group can be defined in many ways, providing an absolute definition of a group, as with a lot of the theory around group work, is highly problematic and contestable. (Douglas T. (2000). Group work may simplistically be described as the study and application of the processes and outcomes experienced when a small group comes together. As a result, theories of group development have been cultivated, some linear, others more cyclical, and it must be stressed that no definitive model of group stage development exists. ...read more.


The group creates something by this process and valuable informal learning takes place. On occasions within the Outlook group, it was not possible to reach the state where conflict was not noticeable in the group, and as the facilitator of the group I first acknowledged in my approach that every problem differs in some aspects from others, and must be treated accordingly. When conflict around the integration of the group became apparent the first question I asked, and attempted to answer, is, why is the group acting in this manner? I also looked into this conflict maybe fulfilling a need for the individuals concerned. The normal human needs maybe classified as those for security, response, recognition, and new experience. The question, then, is which of these four is at the basis of the mode of behaviour? Having answered this question, I tried to substitute desirable methods of expression for undesirable ones, rather than merely eliminating or suppressing the latter. (Buchanan, D & Huczynski, A (1997) (Refer to Tony Recording 2 for direct example of the approach used above) However, most issues that caused conflict were resolved within a few minutes, by merely compromising with each other, but compromising is not the same as integration. Compromising means that both sides will give up a section of their claims and will agree on something that is only part of what they desire to have. The Outlook members were not always satisfied with this solution and therefore integration was not fully possible. However, it seemed the best possible solution without causing more conflict on occasions was compromising. Conflict is not inherently something to be feared or avoided. This period of reciprocity in opposition to conflict is a process of building trust and creating 'learning relationships' (Tiffany 2003,p 20-80 ) whereby learning can take place as a two way process between group members and tutors alike due to the level of trust achieved. ...read more.


In addition, many of the drug users see alcohol use as acceptable and openly discuss going to the pub, when it is forbidden to talk about alcohol and drugs in any light as this maybe a trigger for the individual. In addition, some drug users openly attempt to attend the session with obvious signs of alcohol consumption, but this has the potential to oppress and discriminate against alcohol users. Generalising: By certain members of the client group seeing themselves as different from the alcohol users they have the potential to oppress themselves as well as the alcohol users, because the more people in the group the more opportunity you have for debate, discussion and help. That being said I feel that the demonstration of debate was empowering in that the individuals concerned have experienced discrimination , and as result do not want to discriminate as they have been in the past, which resulted in them having low self-esteem in the first place by providing them with the knowledge of how to discuss situations and difference enables them to build on their self-esteem and confidence, from listening to their comments after the session it was apparent that they were all more positive about experimenting with the new techniques they had learned. Being aware of motivational skills, I had motivated the client group by drawing on what they knew. This in turn empowered and stimulated interest in difference, in terms of ethics, values and viewpoints. Also being aware of informal learning experiences, for example, on this occasion, the client group could build their social skills, and to understand, people wherever they come from or whatever their class is, but the important aspect was what was underneath the person that counts. Implications for future action: The important thing for me to be aware of is difference within the client group is a positive thing in-group work, because difference amongst viewpoints and attitude allows for an informal atmosphere to thrive. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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