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How appropriate is the term 'Cultural Revolution' to describe the events of 'the long sixties' (c. 1958 - c. 1974)? Discuss with reference to three of the disciplines represented in block 6: History, History of Science and Religious Studies.

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  • Essay length: 2297 words
  • Submitted: 13/10/2004
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University Degree Anthropology

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How appropriate is the term 'Cultural Revolution' to describe the events of 'the long sixties' (c. 1958 - c. 1974)? Discuss with reference to three of the disciplines represented in block 6: History, History of Science and Religious Studies.

The sixties did not witness a political or economic revolution, but there were changes in 'everyday' life, which is why the term 'Cultural Revolution' seems appropriate when using the word 'culture' to mean a 'network, or totality of attitudes, values and practices of a particular group of human beings.' (The Sixties, Block 7, page 23/4) The conceived 'mainstream' ideas and beliefs were certainly challenged and modified in many areas during the 'long sixties'. Material conditions, sexual behaviour, family and race relationships, attitudes to authority and ideas and values were targeted by a very effective 'counter-culture'. I also feel it's important to clarify the fact that when discussing the 'Cultural Revolution' I am restricting myself to the events that happened largely in America and Western Europe.

HISTORY

Historically speaking I feel it is necessary to clarify the terms used. Though I use the labels 'mainstream' and 'counter-culture', this in no way implies that the values held by each

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