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University Degree: Human & Social Geography
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Along with products, the third world countries also export raw materials to the west aswell. The fact that this occurs can be seen as the west using the south just for their own benefit to reduce costs and help the development of their own economies and leaving the south in the poor state that they are still in. Also when it comes to agriculture the western markets will put up tariff barriers and subsidies will be given to domestic farmers with the EU being an example with (CAP).
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I have at times compared Europe with Tarzan. It has relatively advanced morphology but its speech is still a little scanty. What does this quotation tell us about the role of citizenship in state-building. Discuss with reference to citizenship practise
Over the years these EU institutions have increased the involvement it has within its member states, originally dealing with coal and steel markets, to creating a common European market, to the democratic political system that is in place today (4). The upshot of this is the EU now plays a fundamental role in the political, civil and social elements of EU citizens without being a state. Thus the EU defies some traditional theorists who believed a political system could not exist without a state.
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Donors provide development assistance for multiple reasons. One reason may simply be an interest to help the less fortunate, based on religious beliefs or solidarity. Another major reason is to pursue foreign policy objectives, such as diplomatic, commercial and security interests. Aid programs are also known to raise the status of the donor internationally and provide it with 'prestige' among other countries. 2. Have the reforms that the World Bank introduced to its policy prescription since the 1990s solved the problems identified in structural adjustment? (Chapter 9)
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Nevertheless, now more and more developing countires have begun to conduct household income and consumption surverys of reasonable quality. Since most real income are self-produced and not from the economy, these surveys contribute in tracking the amount household actually consumes. China is a good example of this. David Dollar and Aart Kraay said that, "China may have become more unequal, but the income of the poor in China has still risen rapidly. In fact, the country's progress in reducing poverty has been one of the most dramatic successes in history (2002)." Globalization reduced the poverty rate in a several countries, such as India, China, Mexico and many more.
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Food security. Between these two articles (the UNEP report and Sanchez), we can see a split in the causes of food insecurity between practical issues of food production and the structural policies which allow for (or hinder) the necessary framework to im
By optimizing this chain, food supply can increase with much less damage to the environment, similar to improvements in efficiency in the traditional energy sector. (Smil, 7) UNEP predicts food yields to be increasingly short of demand by the year 2050, ranging from 5-25% below levels required to adequately feed the population, and resulting from a variety of factors including: "climate change, land degradation, cropland losses, water scarcity and species infestations" (Smil, 7). Therefore, Smil's study anticipates a rise in the cost of food (between 30-50% increase), as well as an increase in food price volatility.
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In some study Giesecke and Grob (2004 : 16-19) discover the existence of a wage penalty and also barrier to permanent, full-time employment present in temporary and fixed-term contracts. In addition, for women, this increased risk diminishes the likelihood that she will choose childbearing over the labor market (Gash; 2008:9-11). Moreover, the decrease in wages that accompany the shift from industrial to service labor and also the rapidly expanding labor pool around the world have created higher levels of insecurity and yet inability to financially provide for a child.
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With more people able to obtain credit and earn above minimum wages, the level of disposable income has increased. This has led to the emergence of a consumer society where the majority are now able to purchase items beyond the bare essentials. However, not everyone is able to consume equally and this has caused a divide. Those with enough disposable income are able to consume effectively while others may only be able to purchase what is necessary in order to live. Zygmunt Bauman (1988) refers to these two groups as the 'seduced' and the 'repressed' ( Hetherington 2009, p. 25).
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Housing in England and Examine the argument that neighbourly relations are routinely subject to processes of making and remaking.
It is evident that the highest percentage of tenures within England are White (48%) and British (45%), making up 93% of the total together. The table also shows that 70% of all ethnic groups either own their home outright or with a mortgage. This is in comparison to 30% who rent privately or from the social sector. Furthermore, it is interesting to note that there are a far higher number of Indian and Pakistani ethnic groups who own their own homes, 73% and 64% respectively, compared to just 27% and 35% who live in rented accommodation.
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(Jary and Jary, 1991: 138) Culture is a behaviour that is learnt by humans, and is entirely dependant upon the beliefs and behaviours of those in direct contact with each other. To have a 'British Culture' as a whole would be extremely difficult given the variables that have to be considered. Culture is not an instinctive reflex of a child it is dependant on the environment it is raised in, it is through cultural determinism rather than biological determinism that culture is learnt. A Culture is formed by a group of individuals that follow the same social norms, beliefs and attitudes towards society.
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Discuss the impact of the Haiti Earthquake on the environment and discuss the effectiveness of the reconstruction efforts to environment and sustainability
The population of Haiti is 9.8 million (CIA, 2009), and its capital city is Port-du-Prince. The country of Haiti is a total area of 27,750 sq km. Haiti is among one of the poorest countries in the world, but within the Western Hemisphere it is if not near enough the poorest country in that region were around 78% of the Haitian population lives on under US$2 a day. Haiti has had a long history of political violence and has been subjected to three decades of dictatorship.
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Where you can live can affect your health and well being. Using examples from block 3 discuss this statement in relation to both the negative and positive impact that neighbourhoods can have for people who live there.
The concept of neighbourhood based health initiatives, such as the project in Thornhill, was introduced in a Government green paper 'Our Healthier Nation' (D.O.H. 1998) which led to a public health seminar and subsequent report 'Healthy Neighbourhoods' (Gowman 1999), commissioned by the King's Fund. This report suggested that people should feel safe and included in their neighbourhood, feel confident about expressing their health needs and encouraged new, creative ideas linked to opportunities offered by the wider community (k101 Unit 9, p.20).
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Draft Research Proposal and Literature Review. An investigation into Glasgow IC students attitude and behaviour toward global warming.
Through the investigation can find students will take different attitudes towards global warming and provide recommendations to the Government to formulate appropriate environmental policies to mitigate global warming issue. This project will research three questions: 1. What are the attitudes towards global warming among GIC students? 2. What are the reasons which affect GIC students' willingness or unwillingness to taking action? 3. What kinds of individual behaviors GIC students generally have taken to mitigate global warming? Part 2: Literature Review (600 words)
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can become one of the reasons particular groups receive class names. Karl Marx, one of the earliest Socialists, is evident of this idea that economic interests are the basis of your class. He suggests that "class is defined by collective groups or individuals who share economic and social relations, with intrinsic tendencies and interests that are different from other interests of other groups within society. For Marx, classes are defined and structured by the relations concerning work and labour and ownership or possession of property and the means of production".
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Compare and contrast Buchanan and Mondermans approaches to the production of order in public spaces.
The government realised that this would cause major traffic problems between vehicles and pedestrians. They became aware that towns desperately needed new layouts to cope with the increase in vehicles. This was necessary to enable pedestrians and vehicles to live together and maintain some sort of social order. Due to this dramatic rise in the usage of motor vehicles and the predicted problems it would cause, the government commissioned Colin Buchanan to start work on the report Traffic in Towns to try to resolve the issues.
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Conformity and Obedience. This essay defines the phenomenon of Conformity, Obedience and Deviance in the light of historic research and contemporary experiments. Concluding to the fact that deviance is a valuable Human attribute that makes our life what i
Two might appear to be one and the same. However, historic researches have helped us analyze a major difference between them: Conformity: Conformity is the extent to which the individual will change his/ her perception and attitude to be in accordance with the group norms. Now these norms can either be explicit or implicit. As Fiske wrote that conformity is going with the crowd and showing adherence to the group norms. Furthermore, as per J. Jetten (2006), an individual must feel part of a group and this feeling must be evidently different than what one feels for other groups.
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Homelessness. Of course poverty is just a general effect from the corporate capitalist economy; however homelessness is one significant factor from poverty which highlights C. Wright Mills theory about private issues becoming public issues. Howev
1 yet still managed to pay out"£375m to 323 people designated as "code" or key staff." 1, just a small example of what is really going on and as to why the majority of the population are suffering from the economy in many ways. Regardless of the fact that poverty is inevitable with a state ran as such it is the effects which it has had on the population which is significant. Perhaps people do not realise the extent of homelessness because of what a stereotypical homeless man looks like; bad hair, long beard, dirty, grubby and looking in bins - not a man in a suite who has been made 'redundant' who cannot feed his family or afford to pay rent so that they have to move in with their own family.
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Is Psychology a Science? This paper aims to discuss the differences between the natural sciences and social sciences. It further discusses the discipline of psychology as a science and as a discipline under the social sciences.
One of the major branches that it holds is critical psychology. This paper aims to discuss the differences between the natural sciences and social sciences. It further discusses the discipline of psychology as a science and as a discipline under the social sciences. Natural sciences are defined as "disciplines that deal not only with natural events (i.e., independent and dependent variables in nature) using scientific methods."1 This serves as an umbrella discipline to other disciplines such as Biology, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Physiology and the like. Some scholars regard this discipline as exact and mature science because disciplines under natural sciences use one common language and methodology.
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Environmental Philosophy. Roderick Nashs book titled The Rights of Nature and Ernest Partridges book titled Responsibilities of Future Generations present a historical perspective of the evolution of environmental ethics from American phi
This is done by human beings questioning themselves on the appropriate respect towards natural environmental aspects that are not human. There are two ways of looking at environmental ethics: the historical perspective and the analytical perspective. The historical perspective of environmental ethics will be the focus of this paper. One of the prominent philosophers who look at environmental ethics from a historical perspective is Roderick Nash. Nash's book Before discussing Nash's book, one must understand his historical background. Roderick Nash is currently a history and environmental studies professor at the University of California Santa Barbara.
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Bottom Billion. Currently, most of the bottom billion people live in African countries. The major problem with these countries is not that they are poor, but that they are not developing.
Currently, most of the bottom billion people live in African countries. The major problem with these countries is not that they are poor, but that they are not developing. In fact, most of the bottom billion countries are experiencing negative growth and the living standards are lowering each year. These countries are declining on average 0.5 percent per year. Furthermore, the living conditions are horrible and people are dying at a very early age. The life expectancy in these countries is fifty years while in a developing country is sixty-seven years. These lowering standard of living and negative growth are mainly because the country is in one of the four traps.
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This short paper will introduce and discuss following concepts: poverty, globalization, development, culture and cultural diversity. These are all important phenomenon, describing the world of rich and poor that we live in. Reducing the economic dispariti
Poverty is therefore often described as the lack of goods consumed due to lack of necessary income. Living on less than 1 US Dollar is often called "absolute poverty" or "extreme poverty" whereas "poor" is commonly used for living on 2 dollar a day. These are measured in "purchasing power parity" dollars1 (Thomas 2000). However, income is not the only factor that matters. Poor health is frequently recognized as a major aspect of destitution. It can be measured in various ways, for example using statistics of infant and child mortality, life expectancy, and malnourishment (Goldin and Reinert 2007).
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Bristol Report - Sustainable future. This report will suggest and discuss strategies to meet government targets to reduce the Bristol visitor per day carbon footprint, in order to reduce the South Wests as a whole.
The expected target to reach by 2020 and 2050 shown in Figure 1 illustrates an arduous task ahead. Therefore, it is imperative that we focus our attention on the factors, which will tackle Bristol's carbon footprint. In this instance the travel sector is causing most problems, especially from overseas visitors coming to Bristol. Overall, transport is by far the most important factor contributing to leisure-related energy use and emissions of greenhouse gases: results indicate that transport may be responsible for almost 94% of the overall contribution of tourism to global warming (Gössling, 2002, p.287).
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Immigration. There are different kinds of Immigration that have cropped up since World War II in Europe. This essay will explain and analyse the cause of this such as the push and pull forces and Lees model.
(emigrationexpert.co.uk: N/D). They fall into five categories: physical, demographic, economic, social and political factors. Examples of 'push forces' branch from ill health, natural disaster, harsh climate, inaccessibility, to unemployment, poverty, heavy taxes, civil unrest, ethnic cleansing...etc. Examples of 'pull forces' are a hazard-free environment, family or ethnic ties, high living standards, better salary, good welfare services, freedom of speech, propaganda...etc. However, there is a much more detailed theory to why people immigrate, which is known as 'Lee's model'. It sees the places of departure and arrival as possessing a series of attributes. Each person perceives these attribute another way, depending on individual characteristics such as age, gender, marital status, socio-economic class and education.
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Doctor Today, Nurse Tomorrow: The Filipino Occupational Degeneration. I find it ridiculous and shocking that in the past few years, a significant number of Filipino doctors have willingly chosen to degenerate themselves to nurses. There is absolutely noth
I prematurely concluded that I possessed the winning edge among all hopefuls of my age who hanker to become doctors. Sadly, my auspiciousness and restless desire were not enough to combat the extremely arduous tasks encumbered unto me by my extra science subjects. I came to realize over my junior and senior year that being a doctor required indefatigable memorization of seemingly inutile terms such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the scientific name of yeast. Whenever I imagine my doctor's clinic having no single trace of yeast, I kept on questioning myself why I needed to con these two words.
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The Occupational Degeneration of Filipino Americans Caused by Racism. A Filipino doctor who ends up being a nurse at a small hospice in Oklahoma City, an eminent high school principal in a Quezon City private school who downgrades to an obscure 8th grade
According to the 2007 American Community Survey published by the U.S. Census Bureau, 3,053,179 Filipinos permanently reside in the United States of America and this makes the Filipino population the second largest Asian-American minority group in the United States (http://factfinder. census.gov). Coming only five-hundred thousand people short than the Chinese, the Filipino-American population is expected to overtake the Chinese-American population and ultimately become the largest Asian-American minority group by the end of the 21st century (San Juan 6). The commencement of the influx of Filipinos to the United States dates back to the 18th century.
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