• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

I will examine the cultural expression of religion, and discuss the role that the media, through its various agencies, has played in facilitating changes in the ways that religion is performed in Australian society.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Paul Bestwick 118984 HGA101 Assessment Task Two Due Date 03.05.2012 The world is comprised of various and unique bodies of individuals who by virtue of their interdependence form what we know as societies. Every human society has its own particular culture, or sociocultural system, through which human expression is represented in fields such as art, science, religion and philosophy. In this essay I will examine the cultural expression of religion, and discuss the role that the media, through its various agencies, has played in facilitating changes in the ways that religion is performed in Australian society. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), in 1901, 97 percent of the population identified with some form of Christianity data and therefore I present that as the position by which I discuss the change in religious practice since that time. I give a brief account of church history and discuss the importance of the Gutenberg press as a forerunner to modern media. Essentially, I compare the relationship between this early media type and religion to those same actors in the modern Australian era. My main point discusses the manner in which the modern media has been a vehicle through which celebrities have used the power conferred upon them, through their celebrity status, to challenge the established dominant religious status quo and to influence change in spiritual practice. I argue that in translating their personal spiritual beliefs into the public arena, these cultural meanings and associations have been assimilated and ...read more.

Middle

36). Thus the evidence would suggest that the celebrity, in many cases, acts as a proxy for what would be considered bona fide spiritual authority. It could be argued that the adoption of these beliefs is inevitable for some individuals, who are by nature predisposed to automatic conformity to the suggestions of their celebrity heroes. Robert Cialdini postulates that, ?the ever accelerating pace and informational crush of modern life will make this form of unthinking compliance more and more prevalent in the future? (Cialdini, 2007, p. xiv). Essentially, he argues that with so much choice, it is easier to surrender such responsibility to a trusted confidante; in this case, the celebrity who the fan knows and trusts by virtue of their parasocial relationship. So for many, exposure to these belief systems may never have occurred had they not been transferred into the mainstream by their celebrity idols. Through this, we see demonstrated the way in which ?the media provide the basis from which we can gain knowledge and understanding of our contemporary environment, yet they are not passive conduits of communication? (eds. Marsden & Savigny 2009, p. 1). It is through the media, by virtue of their celebrity power, that these icons of society have strongly influenced their publics as their values have become normalised, and, in turn, appropriated, assimilated and thus integrated into the wider postmodern world. ...read more.

Conclusion

According to Flew (2002), global media involves internationalization of communication flows, transmitted through telecommunications, information and media technologies namely broadband cable, satellite and the internet which provide transnational circulation of cultural commodities, texts, images and artifacts. Flew, T. (2002) and it is via this medium, that societies across the globe have been impacted as a plethora of alternative ideas, which challenged many long held beliefs in societies whilst opening the way to the acceptance of new streams of thought. New Media: an Introduction . United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Experts once predicted that as the world grew more modern, religion would decline. Precisely the opposite has proven true; religious movements are surging and driving "alternative globalizations" across the world. Where in times past, notions of God may have been associated with a cultural identity, these notions are now blurred The significance of the Enlightenment was not so much that it resulted in the complete disappearance of religion, but that religion became a matter of private choice, which then resulted in the withdrawal of religion into the private sphere. In the contemporary world, religion has become a matter of private taste, functioning in much the same way as do art and design. (Boris Groys: Religion in the age of digital representation?.http://www.e-flux.com/journal/religion-in-the-age-of-digital-reproduction/ So rather than doing religion as a practice driven by guilt or fear of persecution, religion has become a matter of choice, not unlike choosing a pair of jeans or a new car. In a world driven by consumerism? Passion of the Christ? speaking to their own narrative? perpetuating notions of punishment and reward. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Religion in Society section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Religion in Society essays

  1. Suicide - A Study in Sociology with reference to Emile Durkheim

    a death being recorded as suicide - as a result, some deaths will be deemed suicide when they are not, and some suicides will not be deemed so. Taylor (1989) disagrees with this claim. He remarks: "...it must be proved that the deceased died as a direct result of his own actions, and that he intended to die from them."

  2. In modern Western societies, God is dead. Is this correct?

    how much people know about their religion) and which are about orthodoxy (i.e. how people participate) (2000). As it has been already said, in Nietzsche's point of view, God has been killed by people. But how have they done that?

  1. Ethical and Legal Aspects of Health and Social Care.

    * I will apply, for the benefit of the sick, all measures which are required, avoiding those twin traps of over treatment and therapeutic nihilism. * I will remember that there is art to medicine as well as science, and that warmth, sympathy, and understanding may outweigh the surgeon's knife or the chemist's drug.

  2. The essay will attempt to evaluate and assess how the various theoretical perspectives within ...

    Essentially, observing measurable statistical information, in an attempt to establish human laws. Fundamentally, Durkheim facilitated the social phenomenon of 'suicide' as a vehicle for projecting his personal methodological approach. Suicide is regarded as the most common of individual actions, which Durkheim believed was influenced by the 'social collective' and not

  1. Homosexuality and Christianity

    as a disorder, it is out of the control of the person and he or she is excused and not held responsible for being homosexual. Balch says, ?homosexuals ought to live out the sexuality that matched their given condition? (24).

  2. What does the declining levels of church participation tell us about secularisation in contemporary ...

    strict and rigid commands it follows and how not adhering to it is living by sin. It also shows the rejection of the churches? traditional teaching by the members of society and prompts questions about the balance of reasons for it, vary from the inability of the churches to connect with people?s real experience.

  1. I have decided to look at three articles that are related to the role ...

    as an improvement on Bush?s, but also highlights Obama wish to include both religious and non-religious groups.

  2. The Christian Cultural Heritage of the USA. Thomas Jefferson and the Creation of ...

    He had a very wealthy and distinguished family. His family brought him up in the Church of England. As a child, his mother would read to him from the Book of Common Prayer. His father was a planter who also served as a leading member of their church, the Anglican Church.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work