• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

If there was less violence in the media, there would be less violence on the streets. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Media, Crime and Criminal Justice If there was less violence in the media, there would be less violence on the streets. Discuss. The mass media plays a vital part in providing information to the general public. There are two different types of media, the print and the electronic. Though these two are very similar, they mainly differ in the subject that they cover and the way the information is presented. Print media is based on factual information whereas the electronic media presents visual aids. The debate of media and the influence of crime has been around since the time of the beginning of media (Greer 2010). The main focus of research on crime and media are ?the effects of media violence on behaviour?, ?impact of media images and the fear of crime? and ?the role of the media in the production of moral panic? (Greer 2010). This Essay will look in to the debate of media and violence, and how if we are less exposed to criminal behaviour the less chances are for crime to be committed, it will discuss the ?worrying influence? of the ?media effects studies?, it will then discuss the cultivation thesis and what kind of people may be more likely exposed to crime. The essay will also focus on what theories and experiments have been carried out to show the impact of media and violence, how imitation can be reinforced by being exposed to violent behaviours. Finally it will move its focus on to research and look at the differences between bad research to good and how effects research can be improved. ...read more.


Watching something violent does not cause a person to do the same thing, if this was the case then the majority of population would be deviant, mainstream society is pretty much exposed to the media in everyday life, watching TV, newspapers, radio and even mobile phones, if the media influenced behaviour then the result of this would be clearly seen in society. Gauntlett believes that the ?effects model? is based on a mixture of statements and the considerable problems lie in the ?failure? of the ?media effects? theorists who base their research on any theory (Gauntlett 2001, Cited in Greer 2010). Gerbner and Gross (1976) argue that television is the main source to understanding the world around us; this is explained in their cultivation theory. According to Gerbner and Gross, the main purpose of media is to ?reinforce? and not face up to those in power (Gerbner and Gross 1976, Cited in Greer 2010). Overtime the influence of media has been increasing and has created a particular view of the world (Gerbner and Gross 1976, Cited in Greer 2010). From all the types of media, Television has become the main source of storytelling in society (Gerbner and Gross 1976, Cited in Greer 2010). According to Gerbners cultivation theory, individuals who view TV for more than four to five hours a day are regarded as as ?heavy television viewers? and individuals who watch less than four hours of TV are categorised as ?light viewers? therefore are less likely to be exposed to violent behaviour?, heavy viewers? of television are more exposed to violence and ...read more.


In the work of Schlesinger et al, it can be seen that it is not being exposed to violence that results in an imitated behaviour but more of the ?feelings? that are created when being exposed to this, so actual or possible victims of crime (Barker and Petley 2001, Cited in Greer 2010). He came to this conclusion from his research on ?women viewing violence?, this study concentrated on the reaction of women who watched four different types programmes, this included, BBC Crime Watch UK, a popular soap, Eastenders, drama, Closing Ranks and lastly a film called, The Accused. The women came from different ages, cultural backgrounds and class (Barker and Petley 2001, Cited in Greer 2010). It can be argued that the more variety of people in a research the better the research will be. If there is more concentration on a particular group of people then the outcome of the research will be weak. In conclusion, the connection between media and crime has been based on the ?media effects research? where experiments have been conducted mainly on the younger audience; if experiments are conducted on a broader scale by having a wider audience from different backgrounds, age and class, we are able to have a better understanding and a result in then connection between Media and Crime on society as a whole, we are exposed to criminal behaviour daily, through the media and the real world, it cannot be stated that the less violence in media then the less it would be on the streets, this issue has been around for many years and in time only better research would be able to help in understanding this debate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Criminology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Criminology essays

  1. Domestic violence. The following essay will concentrate on patriarchal-terrorism (Gilchrist et al. 2004) meaning ...

    targets are chosen, according the principle of displaced aggression or scape-goating (Hovland and Sears 1940). Berkowitz (1989, 1990, 1993) reformulates this hypothesis in stressing the aversively-stimulated cognitive process. His Cognitive Neoassociation Theory proposes that aversive events such as frustration or provocation produce negative affects, which stimulates cognitive, emotional and physiological responses.

  2. Crime and violence is a problem that affects all areas of the world, but ...

    The appraisal of the violent hero is only one aspect of the intrusion of violence into our culture. Language, behaviour, music and other aspects of life have become increasingly conditioned by this violence (Phillips 1988). An example comes from the dance halls, in which violence and crime is embedded into the fabric of its existence.

  1. Critically discuss in what ways Specialist Domestic Violence Courts aim to make the justice ...

    A & Young,. R. 2005. p 747). Regardless of this many professionals point to their value in helping victims to reach emotional closure..and offering pertinent information for the conditions attached to the final sentence'(Schuster, M. 2006). The changes to the criminal justice system by way of specialist domestic violence courts was researched extensively by Cook et al in 2004.

  2. Victimology. Domestic Violence

    It may also contribute to the increased arrest rates of women who were 'fighting back' thus raising the visibility of male victims (Hoyle, 2007 p. 158) No matter how well or how poorly the criminal justice system handles victims in the long run, victims of assault need immediate attention and support.

  1. What do you understand by the terms prejudice and discrimination and stereotyping? Discuss ...

    But we should remember that these 'useful' methods of stereotyping are susceptible to abuse of power. Jordan (2000, p.20) argues that in an ideal world, the personal stereotypes formed by individual officers, and their decision-making ones would be separated and analysed to help the officer create and justify a less muddied stereotypical template.

  2. Critically assess the methods used to measure violence and victimisation

    Police officers have the power to make judgement and can influence the number of crimes that are recorded, for example cases where victims are minors or mentally ill people may be ignored when officer have other more serious cases to deal with.

  1. Does the media affect people's fear of crime?

    Furthermore, this over-reaction magnifies the original area of concern. Indeed, it leads to the social group (and, as a consequence, the behaviour and activities they engage in) being viewed by the wider society as ?folk devils? ? another term coined by Cohen.

  2. Domestic violence

    Furthermore, most of these people are thinking that, this is a ?normal? behaviour and this is how they suppose to behave, it is because the way they grow up.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work