• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Internal and External factors of Motivation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

IPSY -SS 10 Pippa McFall-167 021 Assessment 2 Submitted:02/03/2010 Word count: 1810 The purpose of this essay is to critically evaluate the role of internal and external factors in relation to motivation. Within this essay several explanations of the definition of motivation will be provided. A description of the biological basis of motivation and it influences will be put forward. Also a portrayal of the sociocultural and psychological influences of motivational will be given. A link will be provided showing the relationship between optimal arousal, drives and motivation. The factors that contribute to help motivate, and affect behaviour will be provided. Differing approaches to motivation and factors that influence it, will be demonstrated. Primarily this essay will critically analyse intrinsic and external factors relating to motivation and will offer clarification of these terms. There will also be a discussion about the prosed negative effects of extrinsic motivators on intrinsic motivation. Towards the end some practical examples of proper use of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation will be provided. Several theories and examples will be provided and relevant references will be included to back up, support and strengthen all arguments presented. Motivation is often described as being the thing that provides the necessary drives to induce an individual to meet a specific need or goal, or to resolve a situation that threatens a need or goal. ...read more.

Middle

The key here is often balance. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation needs balance too, to create the most powerful long lasting motivation. Intrinsic motivation comes from an inner desire to achieve, the only reward is from the inside there are no tangible rewards or incentives. Conversley, extrinsic motivation often has an element of tangible reward. This usually comes in the form of a pay rise, trophy or simply the approval of another. An example of the difference here would be a circumstance where an individual is playing in a sporting team to achieve a scholarship for a university, this would be extrinsic motivation. Comparatively if an individual was playing a sport because they love that sport its intrinsic motivation, even if this individual achieves a scholarship as well. Another point to make in this circumstance is that the individual who was extrinsically motivated may not continue to play their sport once their study is finished as with the intrinsically motivated individual would more than likely continue until their loves for the sport dwindled, which may never actually happen as long as there is intrinsic motivation to continue. Conversley, if after many years of playing their loved sport, their doctors tells them to stop for medical reasons then they would be extrinsically motivated to stop. Bourne & Russo (1998) explain that ...incentives pull from without while drives push from within" (p. ...read more.

Conclusion

If an individual wanted to add extra incentive to another persons motivation at any time they may want to use a positive extrinsic motivator, the only time when it may not be appropriate would be when the person is positively intrinsically motivated already. Although depending on the level of arousal there could still be room for a further incentive. Throughout this essay a critical analysis of internal and external factors relating to motivation has been performed. Within this essay several explanations of the definition of motivation have been provided. A description of the biological basis of motivation and its influences were put forward. A brief portrayal of the sociocultural and deeper look psychological influences of motivational was given. A link was provided showing the relationship between optimal arousal, drives and motivation. Some factors that can contribute to help motivate, and affect behaviour was discussed. Some examples of when and how different types of internal and external, positive and negative motivation can and should be used were provided. Primarily this essay analysed intrinsic and external factors relating to motivation. The essay clarified these terms and looked at some grey areas of research to do with external motivations and their effect on internal motivation. Towards the end some practical uses of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation will be provided. Several theories and examples will included and relevant references were used to back up, support and strengthen all arguments. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Applied Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Applied Sociology essays

  1. A Critical Analysis of Laud Humphreys The Tearoom Trade

    the net effect of Humphreys' study on the research environment is likely to be negative.' The essence, of Warwick's attacks on the study, was that the ends did not justify the means. He argued that Humphrey's aims were to; increase knowledge about homosexuality [which may] stir a concern in the

  2. Children are active in constructing their own learning. To what extent do the ...

    The difference in what the child can learn with the help of a more competent person, than without, is called the zone of proximal development (ZPD) (Vygotsky, 1978, p. 86). This theory therefor sees the teacher as essential in passing on the cultural tools which the child needs and assisting

  1. The relationship between welfare provision and homelessness

    Whilst this proposal represents a change to the administration of the benefit, it does not contain any proposals to change any underlying rules or regulations of Housing Benefit policy. Poor quality housing is closely associated with poor health (Haslam, 2003).

  2. Critically evaluate explanations of 'theory of mind', drawing out contrasts between cognitive and social ...

    As mentioned earlier, it is interesting to find out what happens if one does not develop a theory of mind, for whatever reason. Baron-Cohen (1995) believed that the theory of mind has improved throughout evolution and it is the fundamental basis for human social intelligence11.

  1. Attitudes towards Depression: Developing a Reliable and Valid Questionnaire

    The most common perceived causes are personal and social, although one third think that depression can be caused by 'biological changes in the brain'. Over 90% of people interviewed consider that people suffering from depression should be offered counseling, whereas only 16% feel that they should be offered antidepressants.

  2. modernisation vs dependancy theory

    The third stage 'take-off' is the most important stage and can last up to twenty years, during this period productive investment rises to around '10% or more of the national income.' (So:1990: 30) Also during this time Western Aid act's as a bandage to the wound of lack of investment, and economic growth becomes the norm.

  1. This evaluation study will thoroughly study factors that influence teen pregnancy and parenting on ...

    was confirmed to be of depression, and/or (3) was confirmed to be of both low self-esteem and depression. Data Evaluation         Evaluation of the data will be based on calculating the intended affect or the outcomes/results of the study. The method used to measure the results of the study will be the same as those found in other research synthesis studies.

  2. Action Plan for research into the effects of playing violent video games.

    It should contain details of meetings held with your tutor, where you set and agree objectives, questions, targets and strategies. You will also need to include evaluative comment on the strengths and limitations of your research activity including your own skills and the methods used.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work