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Literature Review on the relationship of substance use and delinquent behavior

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Introduction

Literature Review on the relationship of substance use and delinquent behavior October 7, 2007 For years, researchers and criminologist have been studying the reasons why juveniles commit delinquent acts and what factors have led to those delinquent acts. Although there are many different factors for why youth could possibly commit crimes, a major dynamic that has been studied is substance use. Many researchers have looked at not only how substance use, such as alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs, among youth but also other factors that could possible predict juvenile delinquent behaviors. This paper will review research that has been conducted on these issues. Mainly focusing on the two main threads apparent in the review literature which were the types of substances being used by juveniles and how that is related to criminal activity and also other predictors of why juveniles could possible commit crime. When researchers look at drug use and the effects it has on behavior, one of their focuses is on drug use related to criminal offenses. Research was done focusing on co-occurring problems of mental health and substance abuse look at 155 youth from two detention centers. The results found that 141 had used marijuana prior to incarceration, 146 had used alcohol, 91 had used hallucinogens, 64 had used cocaine and 19 had used some type of inhalant (Potter & Jenson, 2003). That research done by Potter and Jenson (2003) also found that of the most prevalent drugs used, marijuana and alcohol, the average age of initial use was approximately 12 years old (Potter & Jenson, 2003). These results were also related to some found in a previous research. Research was done in 1999 that looked at the relationship of, specifically, inhalant use and delinquent behavior in youth. The research also took the findings of inhalant users and compared those findings to other drug users. The other drugs that were looked at other than inhalants were cigarettes, tobacco, alcohol, designer drugs, marijuana, crack, cocaine, LSD/mushrooms, hallucinogens, PCP, and uppers/downers (Mackesy-Amiti & Fendrich, 1999). ...read more.

Middle

In regard to my sampling procedure, my target population is juveniles in Kent County, Michigan. To eliminate all biases but to make sure to have a big enough sample size, I will use the list of all Kent County public high schools with a population over one thousand. From that list of twelve schools, I will use the random numbers table starting at line one, column one, and randomly select 5 schools to conduct the research on. The five high schools selected using the random numbers table were Kenowa Hills with a population of 1239, Forest Hills Northern with a population of 1006, Ottawa Hills with a population of 1070, East Kentwood with a population of 2022, and Lowell with a population of 1293. The limits of this sample are that it will only be looking at public schools in Kent County so the results will not be generalizable outside of Kent County or for youth that attend private schools. Another problem with this sampling procedure is that I will not be able to receive information from those adolescents who are not in school the day of research or those who have dropped out of school. Within my sample, I will conduct research that will be administered to all homeroom classes on a specific day. The research method I will be using will be self-report surveys. The surveys will be administered in person by individuals that I hire. This will make the survey completely anonymous which will help to eliminate those youth that may fear getting in trouble for answering questions about their previous substance use and delinquency. Also, a week before the actual survey is administered, I will have consent forms (Appendix A) delivered to the participating homeroom teachers explaining the research, the questions that will be asked and asking for permission from the parents of those who are under the age of 18. ...read more.

Conclusion

$420) > Incentive at $10 a student (at a 80% response rate $10 x 5340=$53,400) > Salary for five part-time research consultants ($2,000.00 x 5 =$10,000) o Each consultant will be responsible for administering the survey to all home rooms of selected school. January 1, 2008 > The research consultants will administer the consent forms to all the homerooms of the random selected school of Kenowa Hills high school. January 8, 2008 > Research consultants will return to Kenowa Hills high school to collect consent forms and administer the survey. January 14, 2008 > The research consultants will administer the consent forms to all the homerooms of the random selected school of Forest Hills Northern high school. January 21, 2008 > Research consultants will return to Forest Hills Northern high school to collect consent forms and administer the survey. January 28, 2008 > The research consultants will administer the consent forms to all the homerooms of the random selected school of Ottawa high school. February 4, 2008 > Research consultants will return to Ottawa high school to collect consent forms and administer the survey. February 11, 2008 > The research consultants will administer the consent forms to all the homerooms of the random selected school of East Kentwood high school. February 18, 2008 > Research consultants will return to East Kentwood high school to collect consent forms and administer the survey. February 25, 2008 > The research consultants will administer the consent forms to all the homerooms of the random selected school of Lowell high school. -Budget and Timeline Continued- March 3, 2008 > Research consultants will return to Lowell high school to collect consent forms and administer the survey. This portion of the study will incur the following expenses: > Print and Copy of Surveys ($420) > Pay for research consultants ($10,000) > Incentive Pay ($53,400) Total approximate expenses for this study = $63,820. ...read more.

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