• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Literature Review: What obstacles and issues prevent women from leaving their violent partners?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Literature Review: 'What obstacles and issues prevent women from leaving their violent partners?' For this research dissertation, I have chosen to study the subject of domestic violence, and more specifically, the issues and obstacles which make it difficult for women to leave their abusive partners and the role of the social worker and influences they have in practice. My research will be concentrating solely on women as victims, as although I acknowledge that men can also suffer at the hands of domestic violence, it is universally accepted that females are more frequently victims of domestic violence (Hague et al, 2003). Introduction Domestic violence is a serious criminal and societal problem. Over the last thirty years domestic violence in the UK has gone from being a largely unspoken subject to one which is being tackled and confronted by government and statutory bodies and the voluntary sector. Furthermore, thirty years ago, little was written or known about domestic violence. This allowed the abuse of women to go on behind closed doors of many homes, without interventions; help was limited for sufferers of domestic violence. Today the issue of domestic violence has become more prominent within the public arena. Domestic violence is now a relatively well documented phenomenon. The former United Nations Secretary General, Kofi Annan, said at a world conference on ending violence against women in 1999 - "Violence against women is perhaps the most shameful human rights violation and it is perhaps the most pervasive. It knows no boundaries of geography, culture or wealth. As long as it continues, we cannot claim to be making real progress towards, equality, development and peace." ...read more.

Middle

It is apparent then, that a sizeable number of women who have been affected by various forms of domestic violence, are reluctant to testify to the police about their experiences. I shall now start to examine some key themes and reasons that have been acknowledged by experts of the social problem of domestic violence, which could explain why some women stay with their abusive spouses, although the actual research dissertation itself will explore these themes in greater detail. "Poorly educated or unemployed women are dependent on abusive partners and therefore forced into staying" (Freeman, 1979, p.159). One of the first reasons that is often quoted by researchers, and of course by the survivors of domestic violence themselves, as to a factor which might stop them leaving a relationship is financial constraint. The North London Domestic Violence Survey, as conducted by Mooney (2000), is still the largest survey of domestic violence ever to be carried out in Britain, gathering data from 1,000 individuals. The Survey reported that 'economic dependence' was the most frequently given response as a factor which prevented women from leaving a violent relationship, with 27 per cent of the women in her sample stating this as a reason (Mooney, 2000). In households where the wife or girlfriend of the violent partner is unemployed, and reliable upon the income of her partner, a lot of women simply cannot afford to part from a relationship. Money might be needed in order to pay for a bed and breakfast or a hotel whilst a woman plans what she should do, or to buy clothes and supplies if she was to leave spontaneously, if the violence suddenly became too violent to live with. ...read more.

Conclusion

In both cases, if a woman realises that by leaving her violent husband or boyfriend, she may face an increased amount of violence, and as brought up earlier, even risk being fatally injured, then it is clearly comprehensible why she would have doubts as to whether or not to walk away. "All the evidence suggests that men who are violent to their partners do not stop being violent, but, rather, increase the frequency and the severity of the attacks" (Hanmer et al, 1985, as cited in Hoyle, 1998, p.188). One theory that is often conveyed by females who have found themselves victims of domestic violence, is the notion of it 'only being a one off', or similarly claiming that external factors such as alcohol, were to blame for his violence. As expressed, this is rarely the case, and it is argued that the women are often influenced to believe this by their partners, who try to divert the blame and responsibility from themselves (Cavanagh et al, 2001). In regards to the issue of alcohol being to blame for domestic abuse, it is true that in some cases drink does play an important part in the battering process (Hearn, 1998), but moreover that "many battered partners have partners who did not drink" (Walker, 1979, p.88). It also begs the question of whether drink can truly be used as an excuse in the committing of domestic violence. I consider that the majority of the public, both men and women, would agree that this can never be a justifiable reason to hit, or inflict even greater violence on one's partner. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Social Work section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Social Work essays

  1. Critically examine the impact that living with domestic violence can have upon children. What ...

    In some circumstances women have used violence themselves but this is usually to pre-empt harsher treatment from their partner (Mullender and Morley, 1994, Hester et al, 2000). Research carried out by Hughes et al (1989, cited in Mullender and Morley (1994))

  2. Rationale. Research proposal and literature review - children in care and education.

    She points out that research fails to take into account that children in care come from an extremely disadvantaged group and have additional negative factors such as marital conflict, illness, lack of attention, lack of interest in schooling and low teacher expectation.

  1. Domestic Violence

    Today, in the early years of the new millennium, the way in which society views domestic violence is continuing to evolve. Physical abuse of wives was the initial focus of intervention initiatives. Drawing on research presented earlier, sexual, emotional, psychological, and financial abuse have been added to physical abuse as types of domestic violence.

  2. Domestic Violence Against Women.

    Sarwar was gunned down in her attorneys' office in Lahore by a hit man retained by her family.5 Her mother, father, and paternal uncle were all accomplices to her murder and all because acquiring a divorce to them was a dishonorable act.

  1. The effects of family violence and child abuse

    And, in nearly one in five incidents, the children were themselves the targets and the unborn children were attacked as they lay in their mothers womb, babies were punched by mistake or thrown from their mother's arms, children were belted and punched and threats were made to take them away or to hurt them Helton (1997)

  2. A study of the reasons for homelessness among 16 to 18 year old male ...

    It tool over a year for the implications of the legislation to filter through sections of the homeless population rapid expansion (almost 25%) in the number of presenters occurred between April 1990 and March 1991. The Housing (NI) Order 1988.

  1. Choose a service user group, male perpetrators of domestic violence and critically explore a ...

    The essay will now adopt an intervention, CHANGE, which establishes both these areas, pro-feminism in orientation and which facilitates programmes for male perpetrators of domestic violence. The CHANGE Project, was establishes in 1989 in Stirling, Scotland, as a piloted programme.

  2. Unit K/601/7629 Professional Organisational Issues In counselling assignment

    if the counsellor should become aware of drug trafficking, money laundering, acts of terrorism. Both frameworks give an example where under exceptional circumstances confidentiality may be breached without the clients consent. This may happen when a client may have the intent to cause serious harm to themselves or others; the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work