• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Native Americans - Zitkala -Sa

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Effie Rozanitis Hist 160D/Goudsouzian Native Americans February 3, 2003 Zitkala -Sa Zitkala -Sa's talents and contributions in the worlds of literature and education challenge long-standing beliefs in the white man's culture as good, and Native Americans as sinful savages. She aimed at creating understanding between the dominant white and Native American cultures. As a woman of mixed white and Native American ancestry, she embodied the need for the two cultures to live having a mutual understanding of both cultures within the same body of land. Zitkala -Sa faces various conflicting instances in her autobiographical essays. Her early childhood consisted of a very simple and loving upbringing from her mother and other surrounding family members. Zitkala-Sa and her mother were very close. Both Zitkala-Sa and mother performed various chores together and the occasional beading, an Indian tradition. Like many women during that time Zitkala-Sa's mother could not adapt to white culture nor did she want to. "The paleface has stolen our lands and driven us hither. ...read more.

Middle

She found it almost jail like. The missionaries forced abuse as punishment and stripped them of their Indian culture. Their first attempt to demolish their culture was to give them new clothing and cut their long black hair short. By doing this the Indians were one step closer into the assimilation of American Society. Zitkala-Sa was petrified to have her hair cut short. She felt dead and helpless in a place where she had no support and no religious aid. In the Institute Zitkala-Sa was taught by the white man's bible. When she seeked religious aid it was through a God that she had not herd or even thought about. There were many nights where she cried herself to sleep hoping that the Great Spirits would save her. But there was no hope, she put herself in a situation where she was forced to abide by unknown and unfamiliar customs of the whites. She described that the assimilationist schooling left her "neither a wild Indian, nor a tame one" (74). ...read more.

Conclusion

This was a flashback to her early years of schooling where she was treated like an animal. Her tough regimented schooling and or lack of schooling was later figured out that it was not the right approach to take when teaching Indians. Her activist commitment to these goals became a full-time job. Her struggles to inform of these prejudices of Indians, not getting proper schooling and consideration was through writings and spoken word where she was able to reach an audience and get her point across. She embedded thoughts that missionaries were not good enough for her people to be educated by and that they deserved equal education as whites. Zitkala-Sa had a masterful use of language and a grasp on western suggestions that adds to the effectiveness of her writings. Like many other minority authors, Zitkala-Sa uses her experiences as growing up a part of the oppressed society to hopefully reach her target audience, the white man. Her tireless advocacy of improved education and respect left an impression on American Culture that all people are equal. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Anthropology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Anthropology essays

  1. How does Anita Desai exploit language in 'A Village By The Sea' to give ...

    in Thul and really not very much of it either', can prove this. This comparison with the clothing worn by Lila and other women of Thul is effective as it shows the two faces of India. One on hand is the traditional dress and on the other hand 'an outlandish costume.'

  2. What do certain stories tell us about American culture? Stories: Jeremy Rodock, My father, ...

    out of the saloon, ending his rampages, and allowing the dedication and celebration to continue. This story, like 'Jeremy Rodock' features pioneers, this story has the pioneer as an old man as it is set in the early twentieth century, not the mid nineteenth.

  1. Oranges an autobiographical novel? No not at all and yes of course

    The notion of being an outsider is closely bound up with the theme of `tonguelessness`. This idea is evident from the outset of the book, the `no-name aunt` is an important figure to Maxine. Her silence, a silence she was culturally bound to maintain, is the key to her tragedy.

  2. Manipulating the Personal Journeys of Identity: Westernization and the Ottoman and Republican understandings of ...

    Kemalist nationalism based its Westernization project to a certain extent on the family and women, which constitutes an example to illustrate "patriarchal feminism." The ideology of "patriarchal feminism" (Göle, Yeºim Arat, and Zehra Arat) may be considered as clarifying the approach of male reformists, in patriarchal societies, towards the program of modernization.

  1. Comics: American liberty or suppression?

    Even within America, its culture has been criticized, mainly by academics, on its deconstructionist character. However, by adhering to this view they split the American culture as a whole even more, thereby being destructionists themselves (Kroes, 1996, p.174-5). The criticism is based on good reasoning (most often), MacDonaldization will not certainly result in a better world.

  2. Shamanic Consciousness: Near-Death Experiences in Shamanic and Western Cultures.

    The water's too deep for us.".... I just walked and walked, and then I heard an animal which sounded like a huge dog and there was a huge dog and next to him a huge lady wearing blue clothes, and I decided that I had to walk right through.

  1. Indian Americans: A Look at Their History, Culture, and Influences

    The five most populous cities in terms of Indian Americans are New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Washington DC. Unlike most other immigrant groups, Indian Americans are amongst the wealthiest and best educated communities in the entire United States.

  2. Who Owns Native Culture?

    They both emphasize the fluidity of culture. They do this by recognizing the individual without dismissing the group. Culture is always changing and has many varieties. They try to reason a dialogue that recognizes individuality and not with artificial categories.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work