• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the Causes and course of the Irish Famine of 1845-51.

Extracts from this document...


Outline the Causes and course of the Irish Famine of 1845-51. Briefly comment on its subsequent impact in Ireland and people of Irish descent.] The Irish Famine, although a pivotal event in the development of modern Ireland, was for decades marginalised or ignored by Irish historians. Between 1846 and 1851 more than a million Irish people, the famine emigrants, sailed to America. At the same time, the Irish potato famine claimed a million lives. Thus the famine had a huge impact on Ireland and it's people. "The famine of 1845-9 is a major dividing-line in the history of modem Ireland. Politically, economically and socially, the period that followed it appears sharply distinct from the period that preceded it." - JC Beckett, The Making of Modern Ireland, Queen's University. There are various reasons for the cause of the Irish famine - many historians have summed up the Great Famine's cause as "Nature caused the potato blight. The British government caused the famine", which can be supported through the policies that the British government maintained towards the Irish population during the famine years. ...read more.


When blight damaged nearly half the crop in 1845, millions of peasants faced a winter of partial famine. Continuous rain until March 1846 provided ideal conditions for the spread of the fungus and the worst conditions for those already succumbing to starvation and disease. Ireland as a nation had very little industrialization throughout its land and remained an agrarian country and society, coming to rely heavily on the potato crop as the main source of food. The poor class in Ireland, often landless and mostly tenant farmers, were the main group that solely survived on the potato crop. When the potato crop disease spread from Europe and eastern U.S. to Ireland, the first hit were the poor class of Ireland whose lively-hood depended on the potato crop. Many British viewed the Irish as a backward nation full of ignorant, lazy and uneducated masses causing many British to view the famine as an act of God or divine intervention that was meant to change the Irish. ...read more.


Peel also ordered the Board of Works to create relief employment to those who were suffering from the famine and provide wages to them as well as structural improvements throughout Ireland, which did help the Irish population and not many died from starvation and disease in the year 1845-1849 population and not many died from starvation and disease in the year 1845-1846. Politically, as well as economically and socially, the famine had a profound influence on later developments. It left in the popular mind a feeling of resentment against the whole system of government in Ireland; and from this time onwards Irish nationalism takes on a new bitterness, particularly among the emigrants in America. The impact on the US of the arrival of waves of Irish who were bitter about the British Government's treatment of the famine (they saw it as English treatment of the famine) ... then to the growth of violent Irish nationalism with the Fenians. However, the famine was a highly significant event and its impacts upon Irish people are still being felt today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies essays

  1. Examine the role of Gandhi in the development of Indian nationalism

    The British found it hard to concentrate on the problems in India with such serious issues of their own security happening in Europe. After Gandhi's release from prison in 1944 negotiations once again resumed immediately, the governor general proposed the formation of a national government, but these talks broke down due to the congress' failure to recognise the Muslim League.

  2. Government Intervention

    The fact that Time Warner is a corporation and not a government, imposes an obstacle to any government agencies by virtue of the First Amendment, that attempts to prohibit publishing of rap music (Steiner and Steiner, 2000, 109). In March of 1992, Warner Bros.

  1. A Discussion of Aid and Development in Zimbabwe.

    Two components that make up the SAPs are: * Stabilization (often short term, linked to IMF) * Structural Reform (reforms to change the economy, linked to World Bank) These projects are formed so that they have an impact on

  2. European Union: Council of Ministers.

    It was one of the most important points from which the NATO military was supplied in the air and on land. Today, Turkey has proven that it is a valuable and responsible partner in NATO�s stability and security alliance. Government Under the 1982 constitution, legislative power rests in the National Assembly, a 550-member unicameral body directly elected to five-year terms.

  1. Why was Irish Homerule not introduced by 1914 ?

    These arguments were used consistently by anti-Home Rule campaigners from 1886 onwards and are important in understanding why Home Rule was not introduced before 1914. `On the occasion of the first Home Rule Bill, however, there is another reason as to why the Bill was rejected, even by members of the Liberal Party, the party introducing the Bill.

  2. Critically assess Dicey's arguments in relation to Ireland.

    exposed: they state that '...all the various animosities of "race", "religion" and "class" were involved in the crisis...' 9 This negative view of Ulster Unionism in particular, must be leavened by reference to the strong Ulster Liberal Unionist tradition. Paul Bew quoted one of its progenitors A.

  1. Sess the impact of Europeanisation on politics in the Republic of Ireland.

    can be aptly compared with the proposal to pass the Act of Union.' 4 To a great degree the exclusive ideology of New Nationalism (now largely archaic and redundant) has been replaced by an inclusive European identity untainted by the old slur of West Britonism and fostered assiduously by those

  2. 1169: English first arrive in Ireland 1690: Battle of the ...

    The troubles concerning Northern Ireland have been going on for hundreds of years but only recently (within the past thirty years) has any political progress been made. The Good Friday Agreement: Essay Although the English landed in Ireland as far back as 1169, religious conflicts within Ireland did not initiate until King Henry VIII (1509 - 1547)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work