• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the Causes and course of the Irish Famine of 1845-51.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline the Causes and course of the Irish Famine of 1845-51. Briefly comment on its subsequent impact in Ireland and people of Irish descent.] The Irish Famine, although a pivotal event in the development of modern Ireland, was for decades marginalised or ignored by Irish historians. Between 1846 and 1851 more than a million Irish people, the famine emigrants, sailed to America. At the same time, the Irish potato famine claimed a million lives. Thus the famine had a huge impact on Ireland and it's people. "The famine of 1845-9 is a major dividing-line in the history of modem Ireland. Politically, economically and socially, the period that followed it appears sharply distinct from the period that preceded it." - JC Beckett, The Making of Modern Ireland, Queen's University. There are various reasons for the cause of the Irish famine - many historians have summed up the Great Famine's cause as "Nature caused the potato blight. The British government caused the famine", which can be supported through the policies that the British government maintained towards the Irish population during the famine years. ...read more.

Middle

When blight damaged nearly half the crop in 1845, millions of peasants faced a winter of partial famine. Continuous rain until March 1846 provided ideal conditions for the spread of the fungus and the worst conditions for those already succumbing to starvation and disease. Ireland as a nation had very little industrialization throughout its land and remained an agrarian country and society, coming to rely heavily on the potato crop as the main source of food. The poor class in Ireland, often landless and mostly tenant farmers, were the main group that solely survived on the potato crop. When the potato crop disease spread from Europe and eastern U.S. to Ireland, the first hit were the poor class of Ireland whose lively-hood depended on the potato crop. Many British viewed the Irish as a backward nation full of ignorant, lazy and uneducated masses causing many British to view the famine as an act of God or divine intervention that was meant to change the Irish. ...read more.

Conclusion

Peel also ordered the Board of Works to create relief employment to those who were suffering from the famine and provide wages to them as well as structural improvements throughout Ireland, which did help the Irish population and not many died from starvation and disease in the year 1845-1849 population and not many died from starvation and disease in the year 1845-1846. Politically, as well as economically and socially, the famine had a profound influence on later developments. It left in the popular mind a feeling of resentment against the whole system of government in Ireland; and from this time onwards Irish nationalism takes on a new bitterness, particularly among the emigrants in America. The impact on the US of the arrival of waves of Irish who were bitter about the British Government's treatment of the famine (they saw it as English treatment of the famine) ... then to the growth of violent Irish nationalism with the Fenians. However, the famine was a highly significant event and its impacts upon Irish people are still being felt today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies essays

  1. Government Intervention

    In the 1980's, environmentalist groups concerned about the extinction of the bird and dwindling old growth forest began to invoke the Endangered Species Act. Their concern was to propel the thought of forest preservation over the interests of timber companies, lumber mills, and logging communities.

  2. Examine the role of Gandhi in the development of Indian nationalism

    Gandhi made a series of demands to the British threatening wide spread civil disobedience. He started the quit India movement and demanded that the British move leave India, but due to their focus on the World War the British had little time for politics and simply declared congress illegal and

  1. A Discussion of Aid and Development in Zimbabwe.

    So it is possible to question, who is responsible for the running of Zimbabwe, and should the World Bank be blamed for creating some negative long-term consequences when it is the fault of the government. Non-governmental organisations and Aid in Zimbabwe The purpose of this section is to examine the work and impact of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)

  2. European Union: Council of Ministers.

    Europe hogs the headlines only when local institutions are being overridden by EU projects, such as the single currency. For as long as these conditions obtain, the European Parliament will be mainly a by-product of national politics, and, as such, doomed to attempt democracy without a European demos to call its own.

  1. What were the major causes of the Civil War?

    Attacks upon slavery were seen as attacks on the South as a whole. In the nineteenth century the USA was an expanding nation. It was expanding westwards. Whilst few Northerners felt the need to abolish slavery altogether, tolerance did not extend to agreeing to the expansion of slavery into Western territories.

  2. 1169: English first arrive in Ireland 1690: Battle of the ...

    It was at this stage the Protestants settled in Ulster (Northern Ireland). Today this battle is still celebrated on July 12th by Protestants marching through the streets of Drumcree who call themselves "Orangemen". Already, there was the dislike of the English rule, Protestant Church, land ownership and the thirst for revenge.

  1. Why was Ireland partitioned in the 1920's?

    4 It was not until Parnell's accession to the leadership of the Irish Party that the prospect of home rule emerged as an attainable proposition. To merit any chance of success Parnell's campaign required positive support from powerful elements in the British parliament.

  2. Critically assess Dicey's arguments in relation to Ireland.

    and the consequent adoption of the 'British way of life' (specifically non-conformist and Protestant in ethos) by the lower orders, and religious and ethnic minorities who constituted the bulk of the electorate in the burgeoning British democratic system. 'Notions of the civilising mission of British imperialism...'

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work