• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the Causes and course of the Irish Famine of 1845-51.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline the Causes and course of the Irish Famine of 1845-51. Briefly comment on its subsequent impact in Ireland and people of Irish descent.] The Irish Famine, although a pivotal event in the development of modern Ireland, was for decades marginalised or ignored by Irish historians. Between 1846 and 1851 more than a million Irish people, the famine emigrants, sailed to America. At the same time, the Irish potato famine claimed a million lives. Thus the famine had a huge impact on Ireland and it's people. "The famine of 1845-9 is a major dividing-line in the history of modem Ireland. Politically, economically and socially, the period that followed it appears sharply distinct from the period that preceded it." - JC Beckett, The Making of Modern Ireland, Queen's University. There are various reasons for the cause of the Irish famine - many historians have summed up the Great Famine's cause as "Nature caused the potato blight. The British government caused the famine", which can be supported through the policies that the British government maintained towards the Irish population during the famine years. ...read more.

Middle

When blight damaged nearly half the crop in 1845, millions of peasants faced a winter of partial famine. Continuous rain until March 1846 provided ideal conditions for the spread of the fungus and the worst conditions for those already succumbing to starvation and disease. Ireland as a nation had very little industrialization throughout its land and remained an agrarian country and society, coming to rely heavily on the potato crop as the main source of food. The poor class in Ireland, often landless and mostly tenant farmers, were the main group that solely survived on the potato crop. When the potato crop disease spread from Europe and eastern U.S. to Ireland, the first hit were the poor class of Ireland whose lively-hood depended on the potato crop. Many British viewed the Irish as a backward nation full of ignorant, lazy and uneducated masses causing many British to view the famine as an act of God or divine intervention that was meant to change the Irish. ...read more.

Conclusion

Peel also ordered the Board of Works to create relief employment to those who were suffering from the famine and provide wages to them as well as structural improvements throughout Ireland, which did help the Irish population and not many died from starvation and disease in the year 1845-1849 population and not many died from starvation and disease in the year 1845-1846. Politically, as well as economically and socially, the famine had a profound influence on later developments. It left in the popular mind a feeling of resentment against the whole system of government in Ireland; and from this time onwards Irish nationalism takes on a new bitterness, particularly among the emigrants in America. The impact on the US of the arrival of waves of Irish who were bitter about the British Government's treatment of the famine (they saw it as English treatment of the famine) ... then to the growth of violent Irish nationalism with the Fenians. However, the famine was a highly significant event and its impacts upon Irish people are still being felt today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies essays

  1. Examine the role of Gandhi in the development of Indian nationalism

    Mountbatten the governor general announced that the Muslim states would be given elections to determine what they wanted in terms of an all India nation or one split a separate Muslim territory. He also announced that on the 15th August 1947 the British would leave India and it would become an Independent state.

  2. Government Intervention

    Corporations continue to enjoy tremendous profits from "gangsta rap" and are allowed to flourish unabated due to a lack of any type of regulations in regard to censorship or codes of conduct in entertainment. The popularity and profitability of violent and degrading music has fueled its business growth and secured

  1. Critically assess Dicey's arguments in relation to Ireland.

    Gladstone's ideological background was decidedly un-Liberal and more akin to a conservative tradition which had severe problems '...adjusting to reformed politics after 1832.' 11 Therefore his approach to politics was to adopt a populist stance on many issues of government.

  2. Why was Ireland partitioned in the 1920's?

    Ireland forces upon us these great social and great religious questions...' 5 Due to electoral reform the class base of the Liberal party had expanded and the second half of the nineteenth century witnessed a more interventionist and socially concerned attitude to government on their part.

  1. A Discussion of Aid and Development in Zimbabwe.

    The total amount, which has been given to Zimbabwe through these projects, has been $1,540.9 million. This has allowed Zimbabwe to improve many areas of its economy, especially agriculture, which it would not have otherwise been able to do. The World Bank has also supported Zimbabwe with a selection of

  2. European Union: Council of Ministers.

    Turkey would also gain from the EU�s Agricultural Guarantee Fund, and due to underdevelopment, also from the Guidance Fund. The cost of Turkey�s annual imports is usually much higher than earnings from exports; in the early 1990s annual imports totaled about $22.9 billion and exports $14.9 billion.

  1. Foot and Mouth is a highly infectious viral disease, affecting mainly pigs, cows, sheep ...

    Europe expresses concern for the possibility of the disease spreading to the continent. 27th February 2001 The government expresses concern by introducing stricter bans on the movement in the countryside because 18 new cases of FMD confirmed in the UK.

  2. 1169: English first arrive in Ireland 1690: Battle of the ...

    The troubles concerning Northern Ireland have been going on for hundreds of years but only recently (within the past thirty years) has any political progress been made. The Good Friday Agreement: Essay Although the English landed in Ireland as far back as 1169, religious conflicts within Ireland did not initiate until King Henry VIII (1509 - 1547)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work