• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Realism remains the dominant paradigm in International Relations theory. Discuss

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Realism remains the dominant paradigm in International Relations theory. Discuss In this essay, I will be answering the question as to why realism remains the dominant paradigm in International Relations theory. I believe it is still the dominant paradigm in International Relations. This essay will consist of not only my thoughts as to why it is the dominant paradigm but certain facts and thoughts of other people. I will be attempting to provide you with an insight on the several different theories in international relations. The main topic of discussion will be realism as it is part of the question, in addition there will be explanations on the several different types of realism; human nature, classical and neo-realism. The history of realism in accordance with actual events will be provided and several other reasons will be explained to help me provide an adequate answer as to why realism remains the dominant paradigm in International Relations theory. It is perhaps necessary to begin this essay with an explanation of what realism actual is and an insight to the different types of realism. Realism is just one of the several different types of theories in International Relations. Realism is not just a theory; it branches out into major schools of thought. There are several 'branches' of realism; human nature realism, classical realism and neo-realism. ...read more.

Middle

From this time, each realist has contributed in some way to the realist cause. Machiavelli with 'The Prince', where he demonstrated the ruthlessness which a ruler should display so that the security of the state could be protected.3 Realism since 1919 possessed a 'history' which will arguably span over many years and more importantly have a history that no other theory will have. The realist world view is that we live in an anarchical society, with those with power, rule. Whether people like it or not, that is how the world is. This reality must be confronted. Therefore by having a systematic view of the world detailing the conflict and unrest among states, realism portrays a familiar patterned and rigidly ordered framework of understanding, which is thus realist in nature.4 The change in political climate is one reason as to how realism has survived as a theory for so long and thus been so dominant. The period of crisis and prolonged uncertainty between 1930's and mid 1950's; provided the space for realism to fill. This period supplied realism with a space to expand its principles and secure a foundation from which it could assume its position as the dominant paradigm in international relations.5 Also on many occasions throughout the past century, realism has always had an answer to major events occurring. ...read more.

Conclusion

Realism as a whole has been difficult to challenge. No theoretical approach to the study of international relations is without its critics. However, realism has enjoyed a large amount of appraisal. Despite its critics, realism ranks as the most important attempt thus far to isolate and focus on a key variable in political behaviour; namely power, and to develop a theory in international relations. In conclusion, I have discussed why realism remains the dominant paradigm in international relations, what realism is and the different strands of realism have also been discussed. The 'history' of realism, change in political climate and the difficulty in criticising realism are points made to help answer the question of why realism is the dominant paradigm in international relations theory. Because it is so difficult to challenge, there is no new approach which has emerged armed with the rationale to displace the realist paradigm from its longstanding position as the dominant paradigm in international relations theory. I do not agree with the assumptions of realism but I also do not agree with any theories of international relations; giving a personal opinion, realism as well all international relations theories, are just theories to help us make sense out of complex situations. No one theory can capture all the complexity of world politics; however Realism alone does it the best which is why it remains the dominant paradigm in international relations theory. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Political Theories section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Political Theories essays

  1. Identify the main differences between the systems theory as formulated by David Easton and ...

    emphasizes the need for them to constantly change in order to ensure survival in the changing political world. Easton focuses much more on the concepts of institutions, organisations and groups, whereas Almond concentrates more on the ideas of structure and the interaction of institutions within the political system.

  2. Hobbes theory of the state of nature(TM)

    If we live in a violent world today, it is because life is out of balance, because our "animal pity" has not learned to cross the same distance that our missiles can.'[11] This idea of "animal pity" is also supported by research into World War II where it was found

  1. Critically assess Machiavellis main arguments in The Prince

    Machiavelli indicated that by illustrating generosity "you will come to grief"[3]. He argues that by demonstrating generosity it may become unnoticed and therefore "it will not save you from being approached for its opposite"[4] here Machiavelli suggests that by showing forms of generosity this may damage the reputation of the prince and also his rule.

  2. What can the study of nationalism contribute to our understanding of international relations?

    Europe and is not the only type of community (if not the rarest nowadays), the impact of nationalist ideas on our understanding of international relations cannot be underestimated. In the following pages I shall briefly outline the role that the study nationalism has in highlighting the problem of identity in international relations.

  1. The Advocacy Coalition Framework provides an interesting but incomplete account of the role of ...

    Sabatier maintains that because of these exogenous shocks, the Tahoe environmental coalition mobilised mounting support through strengthening coalition ties and witnessed an enormous increase in political resources12. Though this represents a coalition's basic normative commitments, it is hard to decipher how exactly the policy belief is measured and ideas subsequently changed.

  2. Concepts of Human Rights and its Universality

    policies and programmes' of development organizations...'26 The unique case of Re A (Conjoined Twins: Surgical separation), where doctors wished to separate Siamese twins otherwise both would have died, the parents opposed the operation on religious grounds, though the hospital and courts were choosing the "lesser of two evils" in that

  1. Turkish Foreign Policy Last 10 Years

    Except the relatively softening period between 1925-1929, especially after 1929-30 world economic crisis, international tension in the world increased rapidly. An increasingly sharpening polarization break through between the anti-revisionist states ,seeking to keep the status quo that World War I brought, and the revisionist states that wanted to change this structure.

  2. Nationalism is... essentially sub-human and primitive in character, a deformity which no rational or ...

    stability in a political society" when it consists of the "feeling of common interest of among those who live under the same government and are contained within the same natural or historical boundaries" (J.S Mills cited by Eatwell and Wright ed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work