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Social Work Methods. The essay will also depict the underlying theory that underpins taskcentred practice in relation to social work.

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Introduction

´╗┐SO2009 Social Work Methods Student I.D. 0719720 The purpose for this assignment is to highlight the main features of one social worker method and attempt to compare against another social work method. Within this essay, I will include social work intervention prior to the introduction of task-centred practice. This will provide an insight in to why task-centred methods were introduced. I will also describe the strengths and weaknesses of task-centred practice. The essay will also depict the underlying theory that underpins task-centred practice in relation to social work. I will critically analyse the effectiveness of this approach. I will then compliment this approach with solution focused practice and provide an analysis of the similarities between them. Throughout this assignment I will incorporate anti-discriminative and anti-oppressive practice (ADP, AOP) not only within the model of task-centred but with an overall view to social work practice and how oppression can be addressed. I will strive to provide a brief policy context of AOP and ADP. I have decided to relate ?Task centred practice? to a case I was attached to whilst I was a social work assistant, working within Sandwell Looked after Children?s Team. To adhere with confidentiality all names have been changed in accordance to data protection. The local authority had obtained a ?Interim Care Order? in accordance with the 1989 Children?s Act in regards to a twelve year old male, whom I will call Jack, he was subsequently removed from the care of his mother, whom I refer to as Alison and placed in residential care home. Jacks behaviour was becoming unmanageable for Alison, professionals such as teachers and health workers felt that there was low level safeguarding issues and Jack was displaying signs of ?Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder?. The local authority had to consider exploring the attachment Jack had formed with his mother Alison, as evidence indicates this can have both emotional and developmental consequences on children. ...read more.

Middle

Methods or techniques for achieving the task(s) should be negotiated with the service user. Task centred practice ?is designed to enhance the problem solving skills of participants , so it is important that tasks undertaken by clients involve elements of decision making and self-direction, if the work goes well then they will progressively exercise more control over implementation of tasks, ultimately enhancing their ability to resolve problems independently? (Ford and Postle, 200, p55). Alison was empowered in this process by being able to choose the course of action, with contact and guidance with relevant agencies that were able to assist in the assessment of her mother. The task centred approach enabled fast and effective support to Alison. The ?time limit is a brief statement about the likely length of time needed to reach a goal? (Doel and Marsh, 1992, p51). Time limits are important for a number of reasons. It guards against drift and complacency, allows time to review and encourages accountability. It also acts as an indicator of progress (Adams, et al, 2002). The task phase consists of a series of developments and reviews. The implementation of reviews is important because it allows for an assessment of the success of steps taken that task centred work will have anticipated at the initial phase. The ending of the process of task centred work will have been agreed and negotiated at the initial stage. The concluding session should include a review of the work that has been accomplished by the service user in order to alleviate the target problem. The approach in Alison?s case proved successful as she was able to identify the problems and therefore more clear in defining it. This enabled her to clearly decide the solution, giving her a commitment to support the process. A benefit of a task centred practice is it falls in line with good practice. It is transparent ?based on closed collaboration between the worker and service user and a recognition of the importance of service user self-determination in the decision making process? (Trevithick, 2000, p183). ...read more.

Conclusion

These interventions and would have suited a family such as the one I was working with. (Beckett 2006). Using BSFT methods would help improve service delivery for the service use because it would give a more robust performance. Alison along with all service users need a wide range of interventions available to them in order to give a holistic overview of support given. In concluding this assignment the task centred model has proved itself to be an effective method and is popular with both practitioners and service users alike. It has the potential to maintain good professional practice while satisfying agency requirements of efficient use of time and resources. ?However, this degree of accommodation can appear ambiguous and perhaps explain why task-centred method is described on the one hand, as supporting managerialist objectives?and on the other as offering much potential for empowering clients? (Adams et al, 2002, p198). The balance therefore must be carefully monitored to ensure that task centred approach is being used predominantly because it is the right method of good practice in social work rather than the bureaucratic advantages that may take precedence. Word Count 3311 Ref List Adams, R, Dominelli, L and Payne, M. (2002), Social Work: Themes Issues and Critical Debate, (2nd) Palgrave. Becket, C (2006). Essential Theory for Social Work Practice. London: Sage Publications. Berg, Kim Insoo (1994). Family Based Services. A Solution Focussed Approach. New York W.W Norton. Coulshed, V and Orme, J. (1998). Social Work Practice- An Introduction, Hampshire: Palgrave. Doel, M. (1994) Task Centred Practice & Philpot, Practicing Social Work, (Eds) Routledge. Ford & Postle, (2000) Task Centred Practice and Care Management, In Stepney and Ford Social Work Models, Methods and Theories, Russell House. Payne, M,2nd Edition(1997), Modern Social Work Theory, Palgrave macmillan Payne, M,3rd Edition(2005), Modern Social Work Theory, Palgrave macmillan Maclean, S & Harrison, R. A Straightforward Guide for Practice Assessors and Placement Supervisors, 2008, Kirwin Maclean. Trevithick, P. (2000) Social Work Skills, Open University Press. ...read more.

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