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University Degree: Social Work

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    CARING FOR CHILDREN. Care arrangements, roles, regulations and responsibilities

    Residential child care practitioners are responsible for promoting a caring, healthy, stimulating, safe and secure environment for the children and young people in their care. Residential practitioners are required to assess the social, emotional, intellectual, cultural and physical needs of children and young people in residential care. They will usually be a 'key worker' for the children. This role makes them the main link between the child's family, field social worker and their school. Planning in partnership Partnership Plan for Children and Young People (PPCYP)

    • Word count: 3002
  2. Marked by a teacher

    How do Social Work values and ethics enable Social Workers to challenge poverty?

    (Warren, 1993) believes ethics are similar to a boat at sea being blown in several ways without sight of a secure harbour in which to refuge. There are many things carrying the boat in other directions, such as consequences, emotions, virtues, principles and duties. Values and ethics work together to govern how we see the world at large. The term poverty also needs to be defined by the author, in two methods, firstly its relative state and secondly what is meant by absolute poverty.

    • Word count: 1089
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Social Work Theory and Social Work

    By looking at these theories, the group hoped to make sense of Fiona's situation and the reasons why she bestowed such feelings of guilt and hatred for herself. The group split the work load into four parts and it was the writer's responsibility to look at theories surrounding guilt. The reasoning for Fiona to feel such guilt was immediately apparent to the student as in the scenario it says 'Fiona was very upset to hear this news and blames herself for not protecting her little sister.'

    • Word count: 1149
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Why are black people and minority ethnic groups more likely to experience poverty than the white population?

    labour. First to come were from the Caribbean then from India and Pakistan then from Bangladesh. The migration was mostly male but amongst Caribbean's a large number of women came who took work in health the health service. Also expulsion made Vietnamese and East African Asian families about 1970. The main immigration for employment has been at idle, where family reunification and fertility were the main reasons for the group's expansion. And also refugees have contributed range of minorities in the UK like also the new asylum seekers from within Europe and from further. Millar (2009:81)

    • Word count: 2583
  5. Marked by a teacher

    An Introduction to Social Work.

    Competency of the profession includes, characteristics, ethics etc. PURPOSE OF SOCIAL WORK Social work is basically a helping profession. Social Worker listens to his client and helps to move toward setting specific objectives. As a result client can solve his problems in social functioning himself. Katherine Lenroof, chief of the Federal Children's Bureau, listed certain purposes of Social Work. They are as follows: 1. Material security through economic and political organization. 2. Emotional security through personal and social adjustment. 3. Social justice through fair and ordered relationships between groups, with adequate opportunities for all groups. 4. Social achievement through collective endeavor.

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  6. Literature Review of At- Risk Youth Program. Many research studies provide confirmation that mentoring relationships give a number of different benefits to youth that are involved in these programs (Sipe, 2002).

    Programs that offer mentoring to disadvantaged youth have grown increasingly over the years. Although the process of mentoring is one that can be traced back to ancient times, the idea of mentoring troubled youth is a fairly new practice (Sipe, 2002). Many research studies provide confirmation that mentoring relationships give a number of different benefits to youth that are involved in these programs (Sipe, 2002). Mentoring is believed to help with constructive development of youth. Studies show that the natural relationships in mentoring are more enduring. Natural relationships refer to those that formed with adults that the youth come across in their societies; however, there is insignificant research shown about how the mentoring practice will evolve through the developmental stages of youth from their late childhood, to adolescence, to early adulthood.

    • Word count: 971
  7. Counselling in a diverse society - stereotyping, language issues, different belief systems, family structures, family life experiences

    (Lago, 2003) Only the spoken language will be considered, as can be seen from the above quotation the spoken language can have a significant influence on the counselling process. Even when both the counsellor and a client are native English speakers communication may not be clearly understood or misinterpreted. There are regional variations in accents, subtle differences in meanings and the significance of particular words. There are also differences in figures of speech within the UK. There are also certain differences in the use of language based on geographical variation, social class and also level of education.

    • Word count: 3255
  8. Though compensated dating was first emerged in Japan, this practice started to appear in other East Asia countries, such as China (Hong Kong), Singapore, and Thailand. Schoolgirls who engaged in this activity are often being negatively labeled as anti-soc

    Hence, they want to seek for more care by other means. This reason is supported by both psychological theory and sociological theory. Firstly, for psychological theory, attachment theory by John Bowlby proposes that human beings possess psychobiological system innately. This system motivates us to seek proximity from our significant others, especially family. When there is an actual or potential threat towards our sense of security, the system will be activated automatically. In other words, we were born with the attributes to seek for comfort and protection from people around us.

    • Word count: 3405
  9. Advocacy Case Study. I will examine my role as an advocate for A. within the context of the work that I have carried out with him. I will describe how it became apparent that I would be best suited to support A. in this way and what form that support took

    was allocated to me, as an outreach worker, in order for me to begin this work in December 2008. Here I will examine my role as an advocate for A. within the context of the work that I have carried out with him. I will describe how it became apparent that I would be best suited to support A. in this way and what form that support took, with links being made to theory and the Key Roles / GSCC Code of Practice throughout. Although part of my work with this family also involved writing a letter of support in relation to a re-housing application, this 'case' advocacy (Payne, 1997:269) was relatively straightforward and necessitated minimal reflection and analysis.

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  10. Critically examine the idea of the stages of development and its impact on professional practice with reference to: infancy and childhood.

    The social construction of both childhood and motherhood became pivotal when Bowlby (1953, cited in Cardwell et al., 2003:59) stated that 'mother-love in infancy and childhood is as important for mental health as are vitamins and proteins for physical health'. Bowlby has often been criticised for this over-emphasis on the importance of the mother (eg. Burman, 2008), and this specific criticism will also be considered both in light of the times during which Bowlby was working and in relation to mothers who may not be emotionally available, for reasons of depression, stress or otherwise ('maternal deprivation').

    • Word count: 5800
  11. Lesbian and Gay Adoption In The Best Interests of the Child or the Parents? - A Critical Analysis.

    Those which have been, are used now to inform policy and procedure within social work practice. However, the extent of this 'use', in reality, is perhaps debatable and the subject of gay men and lesbians as adoptive parents remains a highly contentious and much debated subject area. Barnardo's define adoption as '...the assumption of full legal and parental responsibility for a child' (no date: online). In order to acquire this responsibility, prospective adopters must undergo lengthy, in-depth and often very stressful assessments. For gay and lesbian adopters it is generally acknowledged that this process is somewhat more difficult than for heterosexual single people or couples (Ryan et al, 2004).

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  12. Placement Case Study. I will examine my role in the identification, assessment and management of risk to K. and N. and will consider and critically evaluate theoretical perspectives in relation to risk along with current legislation and policy.

    Theories of risk vary throughout time and across culture and are inextricably linked with societal and media perceptions of what constitutes risk and danger. From the role played by fate, destiny and religion in negative outcomes, harmful consequences are now felt to be a result of personal autonomy and human agency. It has been argued that this shift in collective thinking has led to a 'culture of fear' of aversive outcomes (Furedi, 2006) and therefore a 'culture of blame' (Douglas, 1992)

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  13. Ten years after the Acheson Report, do we still need to be concerned about inequalities in health?

    The remit was to review the latest evidence on inequalities and to identify priority areas for policy developments. The report published in November 1998 along with the Consultation paper Our Healthier Nation (DoH, 1998) showed the continued existence and renewed concerns for inequalities in health. The Acheson report made a number of recommendations, but identified three key priorities: 1. All policies likely to have an impact on health should be evaluated in terms of their impact on health inequalities. 2.

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  14. Reflection on Social Work Practise. I thought that enacting to set aside time to do some record keeping would meet the requirements of the Social Work Codes of Practice which emphasise meeting relevant standards of practice and working in a lawful, safe a

    I reflected back to the day in supervision when I had enquired from the PE whether my recording was according to agency procedures and had been reassured that it was, but that I still had to improve on certain details which would make the recording more informative. I felt that I should set aside this time to ensure that all the information pertaining to service users had been properly recorded. O'Rourke (2009 online) concurs that "social workers need to treat recording as a priority because it is crucial as evidence.

    • Word count: 789
  15. Raksha is a Georgia-based non-profit support and referral network for the South Asian community. Since Raksha is the first and only social service organization of its kind in the American Southeast, Governor Roy Barnes of Georgia chose Raksha, Inc as one

    "Raksha was formed into or organized and maintained as a legal corporation after Sunita Iyer, Shyam Iyer, Sonia Sharma, and Kamal Iyer founded it in 1995" (Ek Sham Raksha Ke Naam, 2010). The concerns that men face are immigration, marital tribulations, economic dilemmas, and age group conflicts. Raksha's Mission Statement states, "Raksha encourages a resilient and improved South Asian community via confidential assistance services, education and advocacy" (Raksha.org). Women handle problems such as immigration, assimilation, domestic abuse, discrimination, rape, assault, and employment concerns.

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    * Precipitating factors may be presented to the worker as te client's main problem, but these are not the crisis, only a point in the sequence. The clue to this is often immense emotion associated with apparently minor events. * Stressful events may be seen in one of three ways, each with its own typical response. STRESSFUL EVENTS RESPONSE Threats Anxiety Loss Depression Challenges Mild anxiety, hope, expectation and more attempts at problem solving * The more successful past problems were dealt with, the more problem-solving strategies will be available, so states of active crisis are less likely.

    • Word count: 1847
  17. Free essay

    In this assignment I will look at the ethical implication of policy implementation in the areas of transition from childrens services to adult services. I will look at the importance of person centred planning in relation to transition and planning by

    To commence, Person centred planning can be seen as a process, key planning tool and an empowering approach designed to support and plan individuals with learning difficulties life (Carnaby et al, 2003). The plan provides the freedom to build a tailored life that provided the person with a fulfilling future (Clegg et al, 2010) Person centred planning was incorporated into transition planning by Valuing People (DoH 2001). Mansell and Beadle- Brown (2004) stated that the white paper identified person centred planning as key component to delivering the governments four key principles which are rights, independence, choice and inclusion( DoH, 2001)

    • Word count: 4650
  18. Tuning-in to young person C for a LAC review. Looked after Children (LAC) review Under the Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 it is a legal requirement that children looked after by Trusts must be reviewed. The first LAC review takes place four w

    Young people should be given support to feel comfortable to participate at their review. However, research indicates that young people often feel disempowered when attending their LAC review. Reasons for this include: � Too many people attending the review � Difficult to understand what is being discussed � Feeling ignored or not listened to (NISSY, 2006) Therefore, it is the responsibility of Social worker's to consult with young people about decisions and plans being made about them. Prior to the LAC review young people should be provided with forms to give them the opportunity to contribute and record the things that are important to them so they can be involved in decisions and plans.

    • Word count: 2300
  19. Tuning-In to Group Care. Group care settings can be beneficial since there is the opportunity to form positive relationships between service users and workers. Social workers in a group care setting have more time to get to know each service user on an i

    Ward (2007) emphasis the 'use of self' in a group care setting by combining social work knowledge, values, and skills with aspects of the personal self, including personality traits, values and personal experiences in life. This approach values the importance of working in the life space and being creative when working in group care. Ward (2007) describes six distinctive elements of group care practice as: the coordinated use of time, the focus of work, the interdependent team, multiple relationships, public practice and the organisation of space.

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  20. Case Study - working with young people to bridge the age gap.

    be disheartening' (Hawtin et al 2007) Having carefully considered their results they identified several issues that were of concern to them, such as breaking down the barriers between young and old, and decided to approach other local voluntary groups with a view to working together. In some respects I was relieved that they had chosen to approach voluntary groups rather than statutory bodies as, despite the recent policy drivers which require young people to be involved in decision making, I feel that their recent participation in certain areas has been merely tokenistic.

    • Word count: 1519
  21. This assignment will discuss the contribution of research to understanding violence risk factors and management. The debate surrounding clinical judgement will be discussed and how this has brought about new research methods. Models of risk assessment wil

    There are and always will be people in the community who are a risk to others, whether or not they suffer from a mental disorder or have an offending history, and singling out different professional groups for blame, whether they should be social workers, psychiatrists or doctors in general wont alter this. MAIN BODY 'Risk' Mullen (2000) suggests, can be defined as a calculation which involves uncertainty as to whether some kind of damage or loss will occur as a result of that calculation.

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  22. Emotional Abuse. According to the Child Care and Protection Act (2004), the parent or guardian of a child has the responsibility to ensure that the child is protected from abuse, neglect and harm. This by extension means that the child should be protected

    Emotional abuse can, and does happen in all types of families, regardless of their background. However, some parents may emotionally and psycholgically harm their children because of stress, lack of resources or poor parenting skills. Whilst there is insufficient evidence to support the claim that socio-economic factors such as, poverty, education, parenting styles and so on directly causes abuse, it may be discussed that cumulatively, these factors may be equally considered in the likelihood of emotional abuse occurring. Dyson (2008) mentioned that there is an association between poverty and an increased risk of child maltreatment, particularly neglect and physical abuse.

    • Word count: 1548
  23. Poverty and Domestic Violence. This assignment will briefly discuss interventions employed to ease poverty in history. Social policy and laws pertaining to domestic violence will be highlighted. Feminism will be used to mention the origins and dynamics

    The Ecological Theory and its relevance to social work practice will be demonstrated. Personal reflection will be given and finally a conclusion will draw together the aforementioned topics. History and political development Domestic abuse can be resultant of social structural factors such as bad housing, unemployment and poverty. One can not plot the history of domestic abuse because historically it was seen as a private family matter rather than a societal issue but it is possible to look at a potential causal issue: poverty. An act which was designed to alleviate poverty was the English Poor Laws introduced in 1601 this dictated that the poor and disabled were taken care of by the working able bodied and the local parishes.

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    Many people mentioned their principles of community organization. Among that, Principles mentioned by C. F. McNeil, Ray Johns and David F. Demarche are important. The Final Excerpt from Community Organization, Theory and Principles, by Murray G. Ross, is one of the most recent formulations of principle that have appeared, as well as one of the most systematic. PRINCIPLES IN COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION FOR SOCIAL WELFARE By C. F. McNeil McNeil has mentioned the following principles: 1. Community Organization for social welfare is concerned with people and their needs. Its objective is to enrich human life by bringing about and maintaining a progressively more effective adjustment between social welfare resources and social welfare needs.

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  25. Juvenile Delinquency

    A 'status offense' is the illegal behavior of a minor although that same behavior would not be criminal if committed by an adult. Such offenses include sexual behavior, alcohol consumption, running away, and truancy (Rose, 2000). Juvenile Delinquency in Malaysia In Malaysia, the statistics recorded that there were 14691 juveniles who were arrested for the committing offences through the year 2002 until November 2004, i.e. the average of 420 cases per month and 14 cases per day. Last year, 3629 students aged between 13 and 18, were arrested for various crimes - 388 more compared to 2007.

    • Word count: 5423

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