• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Structural adjustment Programs and their effects on global migration.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Michael Chu Debating Globalization Professor Grace Chang 12 December 2011 Topic #2 Structural adjustment Programs, also known as SAPs, are like financial aid programs that are issued by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or World Bank (WB) which are intended to put developing countries on the same level of playing field with the global economy so that they could repay their loans. The system is supposed to raise the overall standard of living for the people in these third world countries and help the economy develop. Initially it may appear as if this system promising and may benefit developing countries, evidence shows that SAPs have actually worsen the very problems that it was planned to solve. The SAPs primarily benefits first world countries with cheap labor and opens up the third world countries to exploitation. Likewise, the purpose of welfare reforms is to help the people who are jobless or are not financially stable. ...read more.

Middle

Not only does this lead to the increase of crime, but also thousands of people leaving countries like the Philippines in hopes of escaping that culture and finding hope in another country. Meanwhile in their home country, however, things only get worse and worse as the country's poverty line seems to grow higher and higher. People in First world nations do not have it as bad as the people in the developing countries. In fact, it can be very beneficial from this system because industries can gain a lot from an increase in cheap labor. Despite what most people believe and what government agencies would have us think, SAPs and Welfare Reform are not good programs for the poor, and even less so for immigrants. Though SAPs encourage impoverished people to migrate to wealthier communities in order to improve the quality of their lives, the condition of the poor really does not change. ...read more.

Conclusion

fare better in richer countries because they have poor living and working conditions, the lack of economic perspectives, and environmental problems in their own impoverished countries. 1) Discuss the effects of Structural Adjustment Programs and Welfare Deform/ ?Reform? on people in both Third and First world nations. How are they connected in terms of the impacts on migrant people's lives, migration and labor conditions, in both sending and receiving countries? How would you respond to the statement, ?No matter how bad conditions are for migrant people here in the United States, they are better off than they would be in their impoverished home countries? ________________ [1] Grace Chang and Kathleen Kim, ?Reconceptualizing Approaches To Human Trafficking: New Directions And Perspectives From The Field(S)?, Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (2007): 344, 327. [2] Grace Chang and Kathleen Kim, ?Reconceptualizing Approaches To Human Trafficking: New Directions And Perspectives From The Field(S)?, Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (2007): 344, 327. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human & Social Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human & Social Geography essays

  1. Development and subordination of women in the Third World.

    She cited her conversation with a senior official of the United Nations who describes discrimination against women as a 'very dangerous' issue. She identified the area of sex discrimination in the field of recruitment, promotion, job assignment, imposition of additional task beyond job description and sexual harassment.

  2. Migration, Diaspora and Transnationalism. Migration is an aggregation of individual behaviours into the ...

    There is a core and periphery relationship between European and other, where western countries are seen as leaders of urbanization, therefore this theory is being criticized as Euro-centric bias. Associated with the increasing migrating populations, there leads a 'Global migration crisis', threatening the sovereignty and cultural integrity of the destination hosts.

  1. The Difficulties in Comparing the Standard of living between countries.

    lists HDI rankings for 173 countries. The top ten highest-ranked countries are listed as follows: Nevertheless, this broader conception of the standard of living inevitably raises questions of scope and weighting that hard back to the early days of national income measurement.

  2. Who Benefits From Neo-Liberal Globalization?

    Lack of government intervention can also affect the rationality of consumer decisions. For example, the rational decision to develop good public transport systems, which collectively cost less than roads and private investment in cars, can only be taken by government intervention.

  1. Why have International Aid programs failed to bring about greater equality between the countries ...

    There are many different theories put forth by a number of different authors about what equality is, such as Townsend, who coined the term relative poverty, and Sen, who not just looked at the monetary aspect of equality but who also looked at the equality of resources.

  2. The Effects of Religious Beliefs on Economic Performance

    into the different effects that the various religions have on economic advancement. The foundation of contemporary research that explores the relationship between religion and economic growth has its foundation with Max Weber's The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.1 Weber's paper was meant to explore the relationship between Protestant

  1. The post-war patterns and prospects concerning Asian migration to Australia.

    Thus, migrants from Cyprus, turkey, Lebanon and Isreal were included in ABS data on the 'Asian' intake up to 1990. Since 1990, the ABS and the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA) have used the narrower definition2 of Asia, which has been accepted as the official definition for statistical purposes.

  2. Theoretical Analysis of Narrative of Migration - example of a Philippine immigrant to the ...

    Filipino dance; EA Doce Pares, a martial arts school promoting and educating the community on the Philippine warrior arts and culture; Phil-UK, a group for young and second-generation Filipinos in the UK; Philippine Generations, a second generation led non-profit organisation promoting the Philippines, its people and culture in the UK;

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work