• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Structural adjustment Programs and their effects on global migration.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Michael Chu Debating Globalization Professor Grace Chang 12 December 2011 Topic #2 Structural adjustment Programs, also known as SAPs, are like financial aid programs that are issued by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or World Bank (WB) which are intended to put developing countries on the same level of playing field with the global economy so that they could repay their loans. The system is supposed to raise the overall standard of living for the people in these third world countries and help the economy develop. Initially it may appear as if this system promising and may benefit developing countries, evidence shows that SAPs have actually worsen the very problems that it was planned to solve. The SAPs primarily benefits first world countries with cheap labor and opens up the third world countries to exploitation. Likewise, the purpose of welfare reforms is to help the people who are jobless or are not financially stable. ...read more.


Not only does this lead to the increase of crime, but also thousands of people leaving countries like the Philippines in hopes of escaping that culture and finding hope in another country. Meanwhile in their home country, however, things only get worse and worse as the country's poverty line seems to grow higher and higher. People in First world nations do not have it as bad as the people in the developing countries. In fact, it can be very beneficial from this system because industries can gain a lot from an increase in cheap labor. Despite what most people believe and what government agencies would have us think, SAPs and Welfare Reform are not good programs for the poor, and even less so for immigrants. Though SAPs encourage impoverished people to migrate to wealthier communities in order to improve the quality of their lives, the condition of the poor really does not change. ...read more.


fare better in richer countries because they have poor living and working conditions, the lack of economic perspectives, and environmental problems in their own impoverished countries. 1) Discuss the effects of Structural Adjustment Programs and Welfare Deform/ ?Reform? on people in both Third and First world nations. How are they connected in terms of the impacts on migrant people's lives, migration and labor conditions, in both sending and receiving countries? How would you respond to the statement, ?No matter how bad conditions are for migrant people here in the United States, they are better off than they would be in their impoverished home countries? ________________ [1] Grace Chang and Kathleen Kim, ?Reconceptualizing Approaches To Human Trafficking: New Directions And Perspectives From The Field(S)?, Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (2007): 344, 327. [2] Grace Chang and Kathleen Kim, ?Reconceptualizing Approaches To Human Trafficking: New Directions And Perspectives From The Field(S)?, Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (2007): 344, 327. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human & Social Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human & Social Geography essays

  1. The Difficulties in Comparing the Standard of living between countries.

    Nevertheless, the whole country's standard of living may be lower than the competitor. Concluding Observations One of the difficulties in comparing the standard of living between counties is that there are so many standard-of-living yardsticks including GDP per capita, however, none of them can include all the variables.

  2. Development and subordination of women in the Third World.

    Rogers (1980) examined the attitude of international agencies towards women. She termed colonial administration 'a men's club'. She argued, the formulation of 1919 Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act in Britain officially barred women from overseas Civil Service though they were entering into professions including government jobs.

  1. Who Benefits From Neo-Liberal Globalization?

    Social and ecological destruction is usually in the economic interests of major corporations, which can shift their activities when non-renewable materials are depleted.14 Wealth 'trickling down' is another assumption confined solely to neo-liberal hypothesis; the inaccuracy of which has proved disastrous.

  2. Why have International Aid programs failed to bring about greater equality between the countries ...

    In the first story the example of a fish-farming training program is given and in the second story the example of the production of hoods and stoves in order to increase healthy living standards is given. What becomes clear from these two stories is that sometimes aid programs can lose sight of the initial target.

  1. The post-war patterns and prospects concerning Asian migration to Australia.

    10 percent in 1983, had caused a cut back of skilled immigrants or workers, leaving family reunion and refugee resettlement as the main elements of the programme. Asia for the first time became the largest single component of entries (36 percent of net immigration in 1982-83)4.

  2. Migration, Diaspora and Transnationalism. Migration is an aggregation of individual behaviours into the ...

    There is a core and periphery relationship between European and other, where western countries are seen as leaders of urbanization, therefore this theory is being criticized as Euro-centric bias. Associated with the increasing migrating populations, there leads a 'Global migration crisis', threatening the sovereignty and cultural integrity of the destination hosts.

  1. The Effects of Religious Beliefs on Economic Performance

    into the different effects that the various religions have on economic advancement. The foundation of contemporary research that explores the relationship between religion and economic growth has its foundation with Max Weber's The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.1 Weber's paper was meant to explore the relationship between Protestant

  2. Theoretical Analysis of Narrative of Migration - example of a Philippine immigrant to the ...

    However, the identity of Filipino diaspora in the UK is also a ?production? which is never complete and always in process (Hall 1990, p.235). It started as a small number of temporary migrants with collective identity of mainly domestic and hotel workers but it evolved to a more permanent community

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work