Structural adjustment Programs and their effects on global migration.
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Michael Chu Debating Globalization Professor Grace Chang 12 December 2011 Topic #2 Structural adjustment Programs, also known as SAPs, are like financial aid programs that are issued by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or World Bank (WB) which are intended to put developing countries on the same level of playing field with the global economy so that they could repay their loans. The system is supposed to raise the overall standard of living for the people in these third world countries and help the economy develop. Initially it may appear as if this system promising and may benefit developing countries, evidence shows that SAPs have actually worsen the very problems that it was planned to solve. The SAPs primarily benefits first world countries with cheap labor and opens up the third world countries to exploitation. Likewise, the purpose of welfare reforms is to help the people who are jobless or are not financially stable.
Not only does this lead to the increase of crime, but also thousands of people leaving countries like the Philippines in hopes of escaping that culture and finding hope in another country. Meanwhile in their home country, however, things only get worse and worse as the country's poverty line seems to grow higher and higher. People in First world nations do not have it as bad as the people in the developing countries. In fact, it can be very beneficial from this system because industries can gain a lot from an increase in cheap labor. Despite what most people believe and what government agencies would have us think, SAPs and Welfare Reform are not good programs for the poor, and even less so for immigrants. Though SAPs encourage impoverished people to migrate to wealthier communities in order to improve the quality of their lives, the condition of the poor really does not change.
fare better in richer countries because they have poor living and working conditions, the lack of economic perspectives, and environmental problems in their own impoverished countries. 1) Discuss the effects of Structural Adjustment Programs and Welfare Deform/ âReformâ on people in both Third and First world nations. How are they connected in terms of the impacts on migrant people's lives, migration and labor conditions, in both sending and receiving countries? How would you respond to the statement, âNo matter how bad conditions are for migrant people here in the United States, they are better off than they would be in their impoverished home countries? ________________  Grace Chang and Kathleen Kim, âReconceptualizing Approaches To Human Trafficking: New Directions And Perspectives From The Field(S)â, Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (2007): 344, 327.  Grace Chang and Kathleen Kim, âReconceptualizing Approaches To Human Trafficking: New Directions And Perspectives From The Field(S)â, Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (2007): 344, 327.
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