• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Structural adjustment Programs and their effects on global migration.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Michael Chu Debating Globalization Professor Grace Chang 12 December 2011 Topic #2 Structural adjustment Programs, also known as SAPs, are like financial aid programs that are issued by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or World Bank (WB) which are intended to put developing countries on the same level of playing field with the global economy so that they could repay their loans. The system is supposed to raise the overall standard of living for the people in these third world countries and help the economy develop. Initially it may appear as if this system promising and may benefit developing countries, evidence shows that SAPs have actually worsen the very problems that it was planned to solve. The SAPs primarily benefits first world countries with cheap labor and opens up the third world countries to exploitation. Likewise, the purpose of welfare reforms is to help the people who are jobless or are not financially stable. ...read more.

Middle

Not only does this lead to the increase of crime, but also thousands of people leaving countries like the Philippines in hopes of escaping that culture and finding hope in another country. Meanwhile in their home country, however, things only get worse and worse as the country's poverty line seems to grow higher and higher. People in First world nations do not have it as bad as the people in the developing countries. In fact, it can be very beneficial from this system because industries can gain a lot from an increase in cheap labor. Despite what most people believe and what government agencies would have us think, SAPs and Welfare Reform are not good programs for the poor, and even less so for immigrants. Though SAPs encourage impoverished people to migrate to wealthier communities in order to improve the quality of their lives, the condition of the poor really does not change. ...read more.

Conclusion

fare better in richer countries because they have poor living and working conditions, the lack of economic perspectives, and environmental problems in their own impoverished countries. 1) Discuss the effects of Structural Adjustment Programs and Welfare Deform/ âReformâ on people in both Third and First world nations. How are they connected in terms of the impacts on migrant people's lives, migration and labor conditions, in both sending and receiving countries? How would you respond to the statement, âNo matter how bad conditions are for migrant people here in the United States, they are better off than they would be in their impoverished home countries? ________________ [1] Grace Chang and Kathleen Kim, âReconceptualizing Approaches To Human Trafficking: New Directions And Perspectives From The Field(S)â, Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (2007): 344, 327. [2] Grace Chang and Kathleen Kim, âReconceptualizing Approaches To Human Trafficking: New Directions And Perspectives From The Field(S)â, Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties (2007): 344, 327. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human & Social Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human & Social Geography essays

  1. The Difficulties in Comparing the Standard of living between countries.

    living between countries by expressing the figures using estimates for PPP (Purchasing power parity)5. However fluctuations in the exchanged rate can affect the accuracy of the figures. And, there is no guarantee that each country measures national output and incomes with the same degree of accuracy.

  2. Migration, Diaspora and Transnationalism. Migration is an aggregation of individual behaviours into the ...

    A de-territorialized identity and link with the land of origin has always been the nature of diasporic identities, they are no longer suppressed ethnic minorities, instead they participate in the economy and society in destination areas and are obviously important to the hosts.

  1. Who Benefits From Neo-Liberal Globalization?

    Individuals can only respond to a lack of suitable transport by buying a car. Neo-liberals argue that corporate accountability will ensure that corporations address environmental and social concerns, and that it will be in their interests to do so.13 However, corporations are accountable to shareholders to maximise profit, ahead of other concerns.

  2. Development and subordination of women in the Third World.

    Development and the Stage Theory Development covers a variety of different processes and activities. William Rostow (1960) has explicitly tried to explain how all these processes and activities began in the global context. In The Stages of Economic Growth he stated that all countries would go through a number of

  1. The post-war patterns and prospects concerning Asian migration to Australia.

    Under this classification, there are three sub-regional groups of countries belonging to 'Asia': North East Asia (China, Hong Kong, Macau, Japan, Korea, Mongolia and Taiwan); Southeast Asia (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Burma (Myanmar), the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam); and South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka)3.

  2. The Effects of Religious Beliefs on Economic Performance

    into the different effects that the various religions have on economic advancement. The foundation of contemporary research that explores the relationship between religion and economic growth has its foundation with Max Weber's The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.1 Weber's paper was meant to explore the relationship between Protestant

  1. Why have International Aid programs failed to bring about greater equality between the countries ...

    (Heywood, 2002: pp 141) This essay asks about the question of equality between the North and the South, but before we can assess how these International Aid programs may have failed we must first see what is meant by equality.

  2. Theoretical Analysis of Narrative of Migration - example of a Philippine immigrant to the ...

    The Philippine Centre, a charity promoting culture and community spirit; and many more. ?Barrio Fiesta? is a two-day annual festival held in West London, is perhaps the best known and largest gathering for the community in the UK. It is organised and run by The Philippine Centre that draws Filipino community groups and businesses from all over the UK.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work