Technological development often ends up increasing the gap between the rich and the poor. Do you agree? Provide clear arguments to support your position.
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TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY ENG2002 ASSIGNMENT 1 Mark Santoro 0050015258 Question 1 Technological development often ends up increasing the gap between the rich and the poor. Do you agree? Provide clear arguments to support your position. Technology, it fascinates me, so I'm all for technological development, it has contributed significantly to the development of the world, but there is a down side, it always expands the gap between rich and poor. This is because technology needs strong economic power to develop it, and highly trained people who are the result of an expensive education and the cylce continues. The Human Development Report of UNDP warns us of the widening income gap between rich and poor. In 1960, the ratio between the earnings of the top 20% and the bottom 20% was 30:1. By 1990 this had risen to 61:1, and by 1997 to 74:1. So either the rich are getter richer or the poor are getting poorer. This is all due to technolocal development, how you say? Well take Africa as an example it is the worlds richest continent in terms of natural resources. It has 50 percent of the world's gold, most of the world's diamonds and chromium, 90 percent of the cobalt, 40 percent of
References "Hoover Institution Press, 1999, paperback Walter, W.E. 1999, "MORE LIBERTY MEANS LESS GOVERNMENT: Our Founders Knew This Well, Hoover Institution Press. Defining the Technology Gap [online], 1998. Available: http://www.benton.org/publibrary/losing-ground/one.html [Accessed 25 March 2004]. Johnston.S.,Gostelow.P.,Jones E,1999, Engineering and Society, 2nd edn,Australia Ahfock, T (ed) 2004, Technology and Society Study Book, University of Southern Queensland, Australia, pp 1.1-2.18. Question 2 Achieving sustainability may be difficult, even impossible, but our aim to reach that goal should always be taken seriously. Do you agree? Provide clear arguments to support your position. Sustainability is a state or condition that can be maintained over an indefinite period of time. Sustainable Development, as defined by the World Commission on Environment and Development (the Brundtland Commission), is "the capacity to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." Yes, I believe that we should try to achieve sustainability because with the unprecedented growth of the human population and technologies it has impacted on the environment. The amount of human impact has steadily increased in scale. The evidence indicates that human activities now effect ecological cycles and the earth's ability to support living things.
It would seem that there are three potential scenarios - unrestricted growth of population and economy, limitations on growth imposed by natural systems, or a self-imposed limit to growth (Meadows et al. 1972). Realistically, only the latter two scenarios are possible, and the last is the most desirable by far. Sustainability is about establishing self-imposed limits to growth and finding a self-imposed state of balance Just as human decisions affect the environment at many levels, so too the need for sustainability exists at many levels. Even with agreement that sustainability is a priority, there may be disagreement on the methods or practices that best stimulate movement toward the goal. Different factions within a community, different engineers or managers within a corporation, or different political leaders at the national or international level may have very different ideas about what policies will make a community, company, nation, or the world more environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable. And ideas about how sustainability can be achieved are sure to continue to evolve. In summary, the concept of sustainability implies working toward a balance between the needs of all people, present and future, and the needs of the environment, in part because the environment is the source that provides for all human needs.
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