• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The prison system in England and Wales could reasonably be described as being in crisis. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

N0338670 The prison system in England and Wales could reasonably be described as being in crisis. Discuss. Within any society, no matter how embryonic, crime and deviant behaviour is always almost certainly present. Due to the ever presence of crime, there are nearly always certain measures, procedures and administrative bodies in place to deal with the matter. In most countries the measures in place, could be described as the commencement of criminal justice proceedings and the use of some form of prosecution and punishment service. Within England and Wales, upon conviction of a criminal offence and having been sentenced to a custodial term, her majesty?s prison service is employed to carry out, and manage the punishment of any said individual. This is where the basis of this essay lies, within her majesty?s prison service and the in-depth exploration of the administration itself. This will be accomplished through various readings and research with a view to eventually be able to identify whether the prison system in England and Wales could reasonably be described as being in crisis. In order to efficiently and accurately begin to draw conclusions regarding what state the prison system is in, it would be prudent to first establish what factors would contribute to any of the prison system?s failings resulting in a said crisis, whilst also revealing what elements or circumstance would suggest that the prison system is functioning both smoothly and successfully. ...read more.

Middle

"Today the prison population reached 60,000. It is no coincidence that recorded crime has fallen by record amounts over the last four years at the same time that the prison population has risen.? (Michael Howard, 1993) The above quotation illustrates how the media can also be used to the prison systems advantage, rather than solely as a crises creating tool. Regarding any said crisis there may or may not be within HM?s prison service, there are a few mainstream theories regarding the issue which are freely available via many media platforms. The one I shall be discussing in this essay is known as the Orthodox account and is heavily described within Cavadino and Dignan?s work ?The Penal System: An Introduction.? ?This passage gives us almost all the components of the ?orthodox account? of the penal crisis, The crisis is seen as being located very specifically within the prison system- it is not seen as a crisis of the whole penal system, or of the criminal justice system, let alone as a crisis of society as a whole. The immediate cause of the crisis is seen as the combination of different types of difficult prisoners- what has been called the ?toxic mix? of prisoners (Home Office, 1984a:para 124) ...read more.

Conclusion

To summarise it is evident there are a whole variety of problems present within the prison service, but not throughout the whole of the penal system. Whether these factors can be classified as putting HM?s prison service in a state of crisis is highly debatable. This is due to the large amount of evidence of these crisis contributing factors within the system, but also the special nature that the system does. In such a conflict filled niche, there are bound to be complications regarding the efficient running of things. As explained before it is hard to say at what time period a crisis turns into everyday life. To conclude, it could be said that the points presented in this essay, such as the orthodox account, can make a very strong argument that the prison system in England and Wales, is in a state of crisis. Although key workings such as Cavadino and Dignan could argue otherwise, by suggesting the job the system does, although not a pretty sight and full of misdemeanours, eventually does fulfil its purpose. It is only from an inside penological view that the failings become more obvious. With this the prison service could be classified a social success, as its purpose of detaining dangerous criminals is certainly being fulfilled, and certainly not enduring a crisis. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Criminology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Criminology essays

  1. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of youth justice policies in England and Wales since ...

    This is a weakness as it contradicts what Labour had said in there White Paper, and the fact that the YOTs would be confused with conflicting policies. This legislation manages not to take the child's age into consideration and this can be seen just by looking at the rest of Europe are the children in the UK not the same.

  2. What are the aims of the Youth Justice System in England and Wales. How ...

    However, The AC (2004) has recommended that more prevention would occur if schools, health services and other mainstream agencies take more responsibility for young people. Although the principle, and statutory aim of the YJS is preventing offending, another aim is to make offenders, and their parents, face up to their offending behaviour and take responsibility for it.

  1. PRISONS: AMERICAS CRIMINAL WAREHOUSES. Recent budget crises and the rapid increase of incarceration ...

    It is clear that it is time to move away from a model of massive, remotely-located prisoner warehouses, which only breed more crime, to facilities with improved rehabilitation and community reentry programs designed to reduce crime and enhance public safety.

  2. Is the British penal system effective? Most of the evidence points to prison not ...

    "The prison service serves the public by keeping in custody those committed by the courts. Their duty is to look after prisoners with humanity and help them lead law abiding and useful lives in custody and after release. (Sparks, 1996: 21).

  1. Critically examine the suggestion that punishment today is as much about risk management as ...

    This cannot be said to be the case today however, with the advent of risk management, actuarial techniques of categorisation, and more modern forms of surveillance these groups or populations are targeted with different crime control practices to other members of society, and for example, they may experience heavier policing and greater surveillance.

  2. Imprisonment should only be used as a last resort due to its long-term negative ...

    Samples included are not from the volume of prisoners but what has been diluted after removal, to other institutions; suicide; absconders or release (Liebling and Maruna, 2005). The transition from ?street to prison? (Goffman, 1961; Zamble and Porporino, 1988); often involves hurdles within the initial entry point, or reception and

  1. Social Ethics and the Justice System. Should abortion be legalised?

    It is clear that rape is harmful in so many ways, especially for the mother. One may argue that it is perhaps just as harmful for the child to be brought up by a mother who has been the victim of rape.

  2. Perceptions of wrongful convictions amongst Americans working in the criminal justice system.

    Getting Tough on Crime ? Unintended Consequences c. Extent of the Problem of Wrongful Conviction d. Why the Topic is Important 1. Public Safety 2. Public Confidence in the Criminal Justice System 3. Individual Justice 4. Analysis of Dysfunctions of Criminal Justice System e. Conclusion Chapter Two --- Factors Associated With Wrongful Conviction ----------- P.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work