• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The term ' community penalty'

Extracts from this document...


The term ' community penalty' is not used to describe punishment imposed outside of prisons or in the community. This includes fine but mostly probation and custodial sentences. Probation is a penalty set by a court order. This enables the offender to retain his/her liberties by complying with court orders. An authorised official, who is employed by the probation service or someone who is acting on behalf of the probation service, supervises the offender. Probation is a chance to remain free given by a judge to a person convicted of a crime instead of being sent to jail or prison provided the person could remain good. Probation is only given under precise court-ordered conditions, such as performing community service work, paying a fine, maintaining good behaviour, seeking professional help and reporting regularly to a probation officer. Violation of probation terms will usually result in the person being sent to jail. Repeat criminals are normally not eligible for probation. Probation is not the same as "parole," which is freedom under certain restrictions given to convicts at the end of their imprisonment. Large proportions of the offender's original sentence are custodial and are released on conditional release or a license. The term 'probation order' was replaced by what is known as 'community rehabilitation order'. The community service order was replaced by what is now known as 'community punishment order, the combination of the two was called community punishment and rehabilitation service. ...read more.


The order is seen as an effective method then imprisonment. The community rehabilitation order is less of a punishment order and more of a helping hand to get back on track. The offender is supervised by a probation officer who creates an action plan for the offender, if the offender fails to take a keen interest in it or fails to attend a meeting with the officer then he or she can alert the court who will re-sentence. It offers a push towards getting a job, which is seen as very helpful for the rehabilitation of offenders. Other orders include a blend of the previously mentioned orders this is seen as the best of both orders providing punishment and then offering rehabilitation. Other orders include a tagging order this essentially puts the offender under house arrest during certain times during the day this in hypothesis keeps the offender from re-offending however there is no counselling or pressure to enter the labour market. The court may also demand a fine be paid in order to "pay back" for the criminal offence committed but this is virtually a bad practice as the offender may have to find a substantial amount of money and therefore may route to offending again in order to get the required money. In general community punishment seeks to punish and rehabilitate offenders without involving imprisonment. I think that an if an average teenager was given community punishment it will be rather embarrassing, as it will possibly damage his or her "street" image, on the ...read more.


42 per cent of first time offenders and one-fifth of reconvictions are offenders aged between 18 to 20. 63 percent of this age group had a problem of numeracy and literacy and were unemployed. In conclusion, it is not easy to say weather community penalties the most effective source of punishment without sending an offender to prison, as I believe it mostly if not entirely depends on the background and readiness of the offender. I strongly believe that community sanctions have come along way and are an extremely successful process. It involves the offender being shamed in front of the community and peers and then paying back the community and then later seeking professional help to better themselves and not to re-offend. I prefer this method of punishment to imprisonment as the offender is locked up and kept under lock and key away from the victims of crime, who are not able to see their regret and sorrow, that's only if they feel remorse. Also as mentioned earlier it give the offenders chance to interact with other criminals, possibly more dangerous then themselves. This does not educate the offenders and fails to reintegrate the offenders back into society. However, if the offenders were for example, murderers then the time in prison is hugky compulsory and a community sanctions are not acceptable. It would be beneficial after the time in prison that the offender is given a community sanction, which is also a good way to re-educated and reintegrate the offender. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Criminology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Criminology essays

  1. Criminal Psychology: Rehabilitating Offenders are there better methods to achieve this?

    merely the repercussions of an inadequate, and/or physically, psychologically or sexually abusive childhood or adolescence (Coordination Group Publications, 2009; Richard Gross, 2010). Many supposed criminals or offenders have had to endure oppressive environments therefore enabling them to deal with what they perceive to be potentially threatening behaviour in a manner

  2. Is the British penal system effective? Most of the evidence points to prison not ...

    They have no control over spending money; they are told how much money they may have as well (Coyle, 2005). It is understandable that prisons wish to influence prisoner's behaviour, but the rules within prison appear to be controlling their behaviour rather than changing their ways of making decisions.

  1. Domestic violence. The following essay will concentrate on patriarchal-terrorism (Gilchrist et al. 2004) meaning ...

    Multicausal theories combine some approaches mentioned above. Hence, ecological models include several levels of explanatory factors such as individual, micro, meso, exo, and macro systems (Edleson & Tolman 1992) in order to develop a necessary multi-level theory (Gilchrist et al., 2004). White & Kowalski (1998) propose a contextual developmental model by a meta-theoretical framework, which integrates specific theories.

  2. Is the increased use of electronically monitored home detention (EMHD) as recently confirmed in ...

    Those monitored are obliged to wear an electronic device which constantly sends radio frequency transmissions to a phone-connected receiver unit linked to a central computer. If the subject goes out of range, a signal break is immediately registered (Patterson, 2004/05; Mukherjee, 1999; National Probation Service, 2005).

  1. Len Wade is a young offender who received a custodial sentence in 2007. His ...

    Although the Prison Probation Officer's report (PPO) says that Wade had a clear affection for his family, his relationship with both his mother and father was likely to have been under a lot of strain as his father had mental health problems and his mother had to deal with five children to look after.

  2. Sexual Offences and Offending Behaviour. Critically compare and contrast the public notification/disclosure programmes currently ...

    goes on to explain that each state hosts it own online registry providing details of sex offenders within in that state which the general public can access. Most state laws give no guidance as to the extent of the data that is offered on these websites, for example some

  1. Critically evaluate the current methods employed in the Sex Offender Treatment Programmes (SOTP). Include ...

    their victims and society, it is also important to mention that sexual offending is a worldwide phenomenon, for example in England and Wales the latest statistics, from Jansson, Povey and Kaiza (2007) for the years 2006-2007, report that the police recorded 57,542 sexual offences (which is under 1% of all of the recorded crime for this period)

  2. Perceptions of wrongful convictions amongst Americans working in the criminal justice system.

    serving 17 years in prison ? 7 of those years 6 unnecessarily because the state refused to reevaluate the evidence against him using new DNA technology (Clendenning 2000). Bedau and Radelet, in their study of miscarriage of justice in death-penalty cases note: No jurisdiction (in the United States)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work