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This essay will look at why do youth justice professionals argue for a reduction in the use of incarceration for young people and why has it been unsuccessful.

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Introduction

Young people and Crime This essay will look at 'why do youth justice professionals argue for a reduction in the use of incarceration for young people and why has it been unsuccessful'. Muncie believes that "Youth justice is an area of social control prone to conflict, ambiguity and unintended consequences" (2004, pg 155). This confusion stems partly from the historical dual purpose of care and punishment. It is also related to the pivotal position 'troublesome youths' hold in politically-inspired law and order discourses. Burrell (2002) states that "The number of children behind bars has risen above 3,000 for the first time and the government's youth crime chiefs have warned ministers about the rise in those aged 12 and 13 years old being locked up". ...read more.

Middle

Arnold (2008) states that "Juvenile justice institutions are equipped with counsellors and programs that can help convicted youths get on the right track". Overall "The number of children sentenced to custody in England and Wales more than tripled between 1991 and 2006" (Bromley 2009). In 2007 the Prison Reform Trust launched a new programme to reduce children imprisonment with the support of the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund. The first phrase of the programme is to reduce the number of 18 years old in custody in England and Wales. The use of detention should be reserved only for those under 18 years old who have committed serious, violent crimes and who pose a real physical threat to their community. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also Lord Woolf who is the Chief Justice in the House of Lords states that "It would be real sacrilege if we took out the criminal justice system something that works" (BBC News 2011). It seems like many people who work in the House of Lords such as Lord Newton and Lo Reference BBC News. (28 March 2011) Lords reject government bid to bin Youth Justice Board. Available: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-12887855. Last accessed 12/5/11. Ian Burrell. (Tuesday, 9 July 2002) Youth Justice Board protests at rise in children locked up. Available: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/youth-justice-board-protests-at-rise-in-children-locked-up-647735.html. Last accessed 12/05/11. Keith Bromley. (2009) Prison Fact File. Available:http:www.prisonreformtrust.org.uk/uploads/documents/BromleyBriefingsNov09.pdf. Last accessed 12/5/11. Kristin Arnold. (2008) Juvenile Justice Facilities: The Best Thing for Convicted Youths. Available: http://culturesocietypraxis.org/index.php/csp/article/viewFile/153/118. Last accessed 12/5/11. E. McLaughlin, J. Muncie (2006) The Sage Dictionary of Criminology, 2nd edition, Sage. J. Muncie (2004) Youth and Crime, 2nd edition, Sage. ?? ?? ?? ?? Foundation Degree in Crime and Community Safety Shazmin Khatun ...read more.

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