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Three levels of law. There are three major legislative and judicial jurisdictions that exist in the United States. The three major law agencies are Federal, State, and Local. Each of these has created a variety of police agencies to enforce laws.

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Introduction

Three Levels of Law Richard Cohn The American law enforcement system has been called the most complex in the world. There are three major legislative and judicial jurisdictions that exist in the United States. The three major law agencies are Federal, State, and Local. Each of these has created a variety of police agencies to enforce laws. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is one of the most famous law enforcement agencies in the United States, and in the world. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is a federal agency which is a United States Government agency, or office, whose primary functional responsibility is to enforce federal criminal laws. The official purpose of today's Federal Bureau of Investigation is stated in their agencies mission statement, "The mission of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners".1 In the late nineteenth or early twentieth century, most state police agencies were created to meet specific needs. ...read more.

Middle

Local agencies, including city and county agencies, represent the third level of law enforcement activity of the United States. The nation's largest law enforcement agency, the New York Police Department, has about forty-five thousand full time employees, including about thirty-eight thousand sworn-in officers. A sworn-in officer is a law enforcement officer who is trained and empowered to perform full police duties, such as making arrests, conducting investigations, and carrying firearms. There are approximately twelve thousand municipal police departments and three thousand one hundred sheriff departments in the United States. A Municipal Police Department is a city or town based law enforcement agency. Every incorporated municipality in the United States has the authority to create its own police force. Most really small towns hire only one officer who fills the role of chief, investigator, and night watch, as well as everything else. City police chiefs are normally appointed by the mayor or selected by the city council. Private Protective services are an independent or proprietary commercial organization that provides protective services to employers on a contractual basis. ...read more.

Conclusion

P. Eddy has christened them our "first preventers". Private security agencies and local agencies should not be able to have roles in gathering intelligence unless it pertains to a certain matter. If there is no probable cause or reason for them to investigate then they should not be able to go in and try to find intelligence where there isn't any intelligence to find. The three levels of law; the FBI, local, and state law enforcement agencies all play a big role in making sure laws are not broken. One of the main roles of the FBI is counter terrorism. The main things that make up local and state law agencies are patrolling and highway safety. They take care of everything that is not on a federal scale. Without this law enforcement system, the United States today wouldn't be as safe, and would be completely different than the country as we know it. 1 Schmalleger, Frank. Criminal Justice Today. Tenth . Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. Print. Pg.161 2 "Manhattan Institute for Policy Research." Civic Bulletin. sept 2006. MI, Web. 25 Oct 2009. <http://www.manhattan-institute.org/html/cb_43.htm>. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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