• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent does the dependency theory of underdevelopment explain Africas backwardness?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐UNIVERSITY OF DAR ES SALAAM INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES. SEMINAR PRESENTATION; DS 101. GROUP THREE DATE: November, 2012 PARTCIPANTS: 1. SANGA, ALPHA 2012-04-03087 2. EVANCE, ISSA 2012-04-02936 3. KIYUMBI, FRANCIS S 2012-04-02759 4. MPEMBENI, MBONEA 2012-04-02762 QUESTION; To what extent does the dependency theory of underdevelopment explain Africa?s backwardness? According to the question above,first we have to discuss and expound some terminologies which are Dependency theory,Underdevelopment and Backwardness. DEPENDENCY & DEPENDENCY THEORY Dependency is a conditioning situation in which the economies of one group of countries are conditioned by development and expansion of others. ...read more.

Middle

There are three common features to these definitions which most dependency theorists share. First, dependency characterizes the international system as comprised of two sets of states, variously described as dominant/dependent. The dominant states are the advanced industrial nations from North America and Europe. The dependent states are those states of Latin America, Asia, and Africa which have low per capita and which rely heavily on the export of a single commodity for foreign exchange earnings. Second, both definitions have in common the assumption that external forces are of singular importance to the economic activities within the dependent states. ...read more.

Conclusion

BACKWARDNESS According to Encarta dictionary ?-Not achieving usual or expected standard? UNDERDEVELOPMENT Underdevelopment is not absence of development, because every people have developed in one way or another and to a greater or lesser extent. Underdevelopment makes sense only as a means of comparing levels of development. Today, our main pre-occupation is with the differences in wealth between on the one hand Europe and North America and on the other hand Africa, Asia and Latin America. In comparison with the first, the second group can be said to be underdeveloped. At all times, therefore, one of the ideas behind underdevelopment is a comparative one. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human & Social Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human & Social Geography essays

  1. Dependency Theory

    This was a large part of the content of our anti-imperialist work, that the U. S. was not aiding countries to develop, but changing their economies to suit the imperialist dominated world and giving them a disadvantaged position. In this sense, I think we saw the low raw material production

  2. To what extent is there a place for rational choice, represented by the human ...

    In a further attempt to reclaim the analysis from the human capital theory Pratt and Hanson level a well considered critique of Polachek's theory. This argument rests on the fact that neoclassical paradigms do not explicitly incorporate geography, and thus the rational choice-human capital theory is fundamentally limited in its explanatory power.

  1. Asses the extent to which the Root Causes of famine lie in physical geography.

    politicians called for democracy where arrested and are still in jail without any due process, all independent newspapers have been closed down. The fit and able that may be able to work well and cultivate the land are conscripted in the army for 3 years or more following a boarder war with Ethiopia.

  2. This essaywill discuss orthodox models of development and theRadical Dependency Theory. It will outline ...

    Broader economic growth is the key to the stages of development under Rostow and until such time that localised values are recognised it will always remain centralised. There is another body of development theory of more recent origin, dominated by the profession of economics.

  1. The causes, conditions, and solutions of Underdevelopment: A case study of Brazil

    Producers in the domestic agricultural sector could not fully benefit from the gains to market integration because of the absence of low-cost transportation within Brazil's interior (Leff, 148). Under these conditions, sustained development in Brazil had to await the provision of man-made infrastructure facilities such as roads and railways.

  2. Latin America studies - A Tale of Two Worlds

    Consequently they are then treated accordingly. It does not matter whether they are doctors, lawyers, postmen, gardeners, construction workers or state representatives, their skin color is the first issue that arises when recruiting or hiring people of color. Therefore, they must fight through the assumptions and stereotypes long before their socioeconomic status is determined.

  1. Assess the Value of Dependency Theory in explaining Social Inequalities in Africa

    Sorj (1991) attacked the negative attitudes engendered by the concept of 'development', by suggesting that it is the 'sociology of the non-existent'; while Sachs (1992) suggests that it is the development process itself which is most damaging, calling it 'a universalising discourse of westernization'.

  2. Assess the extent to which models of regional development can help to explain how ...

    The World Bank and the United Nations' Standard National Accounts uses a quantitative approach to measuring living standards by comparing both real GDP per capita of countries and their economic growth. This is the commonest approach. This value is worked out by using GDP = consumption + Investment + Government spending + (exports - imports).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work