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To what extent does the dependency theory of underdevelopment explain Africas backwardness?

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

UNIVERSITY OF DAR ES SALAAM INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES. SEMINAR PRESENTATION; DS 101. GROUP THREE DATE: November, 2012 PARTCIPANTS: 1. SANGA, ALPHA 2012-04-03087 2. EVANCE, ISSA 2012-04-02936 3. KIYUMBI, FRANCIS S 2012-04-02759 4. MPEMBENI, MBONEA 2012-04-02762 QUESTION; To what extent does the dependency theory of underdevelopment explain Africaâs backwardness? According to the question above,first we have to discuss and expound some terminologies which are Dependency theory,Underdevelopment and Backwardness. DEPENDENCY & DEPENDENCY THEORY Dependency is a conditioning situation in which the economies of one group of countries are conditioned by development and expansion of others.

Middle

There are three common features to these definitions which most dependency theorists share. First, dependency characterizes the international system as comprised of two sets of states, variously described as dominant/dependent. The dominant states are the advanced industrial nations from North America and Europe. The dependent states are those states of Latin America, Asia, and Africa which have low per capita and which rely heavily on the export of a single commodity for foreign exchange earnings. Second, both definitions have in common the assumption that external forces are of singular importance to the economic activities within the dependent states.

Conclusion

BACKWARDNESS According to Encarta dictionary â-Not achieving usual or expected standardâ UNDERDEVELOPMENT Underdevelopment is not absence of development, because every people have developed in one way or another and to a greater or lesser extent. Underdevelopment makes sense only as a means of comparing levels of development. Today, our main pre-occupation is with the differences in wealth between on the one hand Europe and North America and on the other hand Africa, Asia and Latin America. In comparison with the first, the second group can be said to be underdeveloped. At all times, therefore, one of the ideas behind underdevelopment is a comparative one.

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