• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is Politics? Discuss the views of Max Weber, Bernard Crick, Adrian Leftwich and John Schwarzmantel

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What is Politics? Max Weber, Bernard Crick, Adrian Leftwich and John Schwarzmantel This review will attempt to show various authors approach to the question: ?What is Politics??. Max Weber, Bernard Crick, Adrian Leftwich and John Schwarzmantel all offer a comprehendible analysis of this subject in relation to the themes: power and role of the state. Each writers view on politics differs in terms of broad and narrow. Crick?s view of politics as a hole is a fairly narrow view where the theme of consent is what politics is based on. Whereas Leftwich?s approach to politics is broad where he believes politics is within ever human being and can be found in almost every aspect in life. Weber?s view on politics is also fairly broad where leadership is the only aspect that is discussed however it isn?t the only one. Schwarzmantel?s view on politics is related mainly to the distribution of power and how the relationship between two people can be seen as political. ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand Leftwich?s idea of politics is that it is a ?universal and timeless process which organizes and expresses the interactions of people, resources and power? (Leftwich, 1984, p.101). Leftwich clearly identifies previous ideas of power and takes that into thought when deciding his own idea of power is ?it is always present in human affairs? (Leftwich, 1984, p.110). Schwarzmantel links power and state as the main factors of politics: ?Politics is about power and how it is distributed?(Schwarzmantel, 1987, p.2). The main point being made by Schwarzmantel is how power is ?embodied in human beings?(Schwarzmantel, 1987, p.2) and how politics is exists in a broader context where it ?exists in any context where there is a structure of power and struggle for power in an attempt to gain or maintain leadership positions? (Schwarzmantel, 1987, p.2) Weber?s definition of state is that ?state is a human community that (successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory? (Weber, 1919) ...read more.

Conclusion

However Weber?s reasoning for this is due to maintaining power of the state as ?territory is on the characteristics of state? (Weber, 1919) and the ?state is considered the sole source of the right to use violence? (Weber, 1919) In conclusion the question: ?what is politics?? has been given sufficient debate by various authors. Max Weber, Bernard Crick, Adrian Leftwich and John Schwarzmantel have all got varying view on the issue, with each of them articulating their own view with justification to their points. Weber?s views on politics show that the power is an element of politics but how it used defines politics as a whole for him. Leftwich?s broad view on how politics is present everywhere proves that politics doesn?t have to contain particular elements but should be considered an activity. Crick on the other hand has the appeal of discussing how the struggle for power isn?t a real thing but has been made to seem the most important. Schwarzmantel makes the interesting point that in every relationship there is politics as one can impose their will on others. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Political Theories section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Political Theories essays

  1. What is politics? Whilst scholars such as Weber and Schwarzmantel largely focus on defining ...

    To classify China, for example, as a state that has no politics due to its authoritarian structure seems nonsensical. Moreover, this definition would carry major derisory international implications due to the contradiction of such a state being part of a political organization like the United Nations without China itself being political.

  2. What is politics?

    In his novel "The Republic", Plato describes the ideal state and the means to achieve it. Hence, the word politics originally has connotations in the ways in which to create the ideal society. An ideal society is in practice a rather difficult aim and even an impossible aim to achieve.

  1. Nationalism is inherently expansionist and destructive. Discuss.

    Their goal is the construction of a world of independent nation-states. Liberal nationalism main idea came from applying from the individuals and applying it to the nation. Liberals believed that individuals are self interested and irrational. Some external source of order is needed to manage self interested and control it.

  2. Why, For Weber, Is Protestantism A Prerequisite For Capitalism?

    Firstly, many of the commercial centres of activity throughout Europe intensified at the same time that Protestantism was taking hold in Western Europe. 'A glance at the occupational statistics of any country of mixed religious composition brings to light with remarkable frequency a situation which has several times provoked discussion

  1. Theorising politics, Global Poverty

    Pogge would give extreme critique to this view. In his paper 'Access to Medicines' he considers the same situation seven years into the future. The tourist has had a coronary bypass while the teenager is losing her battle with AIDS.

  2. Steven Lukes(TM) three dimensional(TM) model of power overlooks important aspects of how power actually ...

    some else that has a visible outcome; nonetheless there is still always the possibility that the data may be contaminated due to some power relationships resulting in no obvious or visible outcomes. The view that Lukes model does overlook certain aspects of power due to his narrow definition, this in

  1. Are Human Rights Universal

    Polygamy is permitted in Islam, the source of the Western opposition to polygamy seems to be Christianity, which only allows monogamy, upon which its morals are based or at least influenced by. Religion is another issue which clashes with human rights although recently many Islamic countries and organisations have created

  2. Women can only be properly represented politically by other women. Discuss

    of women as elected representatives is the only way that other women can be politically represented due to the fact that female representatives are more inclined to listen to the desires of their electorate. This is a theory espoused by studies such as that of Richardson and Freeman (1995, p.171)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work