• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why are most African Americans socially disadvantaged?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why are most African Americans Socially disadvantaged? African Americans have come a long way since the days of slavery, however they are still socially disadvantaged in 'the land of the free'. The core of the problem as to why most African Americans are socially disadvantaged comes down to wealth inequality. If they had a relatively equal share of the wealth that white America has, African Americans would not face the social problems they do today. The fact is they don't and this essay will investigate why African Americans don't share more of Americas vast wealth, which they ironically helped build. There still exists a racial undertow in American society that dates back to the slave trade. This often transparent force has transcended many of America's institutions and has contributed to most African Americans being socially disadvantaged. The Emancipation Proclamation was the catalyst in abolishing slavery from the American way of life, but most African Americans are still slaves of the American system. The policies involving property, credit markets and education that have been adopted by the white power system in America have made it hard for civil rights to be equal between blacks and whites. This has resulted in most African Americans being systematically woven into the lower class fabric of America, making it almost impossible to escape. ...read more.

Middle

African Americans who live in the Ghettos really aren't free at all. They are trapped into a life that revolves around the ghetto and the chances of escape are slim. Part of the answer as to why African Americans are socially disadvantaged stems back to the slave trade. Slavery didn't just mould the lives of the slaves but also the lives and thoughts of masters, dependents of slave owning families and those non-slaveholders who lived alongside slavery (Brock, W, 1973). The slave trade sowed the seeds or racism in America and even though slavery has been abolished, racial discrimination still exists. The Proclamation Declaration of 1862-1863 was the first step to freeing the slaves (Livingstone, D, 1999, p203). It outraged many white Americans and forced white racial terrorist groups like the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) to form. Even though the KKK was outlawed, it continued to operate as an underground network. Despite the Emancipation Proclamation, it took until the 1970's before total national law reform was enforced in compliance with the 1860's amendments (Livingstone, D, 1999). Even then, much resentment and racial hatred still existed in America and still does today (Banks & Grambs, 1972). This shows that the mindset of many white Americans was affected by the lifestyle of their ancestors. ...read more.

Conclusion

This era brought about the mass housing developments called Ghettos in the inner cities, which increased the African American problem of being social disadvantaged. The phasing out of jobs in the labor market drove people from farms and mines into the cities to find work and housing, many of them being black (Lacy, D, 1972). While this mass influx of people into the ghetto like areas was occurring, the middle class who were mainly white were moving into the suburbs. This created a social segregation between most blacks and whites. "This sorting of the population was no accident" (Lacy, D, 1972, p217). While the blacks were being pulled into the cities the employment opportunities were being pulled out. After the Second World War another major occurrence happened, which further socially disadvantaged most African Americans. It occurred in educational development and widened the gap between the middle and lower class (Lacy, D, 1972). Once again the government had introduced another policy like social security, minimum wage, deposit insurance and housing subsidies that only benefited the well employed or rich (Lacy, D, 1972). The people who needed the most help were once again left in the cold and this usually meant the lower class, who were predominantly African American. In 1996 a serious change occurred in American policy, which further exacerbated the problem of African Americans being socially disadvantaged. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree UK Government & Parliamentary Studies essays

  1. Is there justification for government intervention in the uk housing market and how has ...

    It is now much harder for people to get social housing in the southeast. Excess demand can consequently lead to labour immobility. Right to buy could be partly responsible for the UK's high owner-occupier rate, though this not reasonable since most European countries do not have access to such social housing.

  2. One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter.

    Bhindranwala said "if from this stage, I say something, naming someone they say Bhindranwala has given out the name of such person, now this name has come on the list" (KH Human Rights Group, Oppression In Punjab, 1986) Indira Ghandi claimed that this list is in existence.

  1. public sector

    Forces is to defend the United Kingdom, its Overseas Territories, its people and interests, and to act as a force for good by strengthening international peace and security * Secretary of State for Transport and Secretary of State for Scotland-Rt Hon Douglas Alexander MP Chief Whip (Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury)

  2. What do you understand by the concept of 'mainstreaming'? How useful is this as ...

    Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain, she states that this must change, for "The central idea in the Commission's report is that we should develop as a community and of communities".7 The Commission also asserts that mainstreaming policies must "reconcile conflicting values peacefully, respecting diversity and building social cohesion" and offers a

  1. Which offered the greater challenge to Britain's military and political institutions: the Crimean war ...

    She says: "the British public... ceased to regard the army as a shelter for black sheep of various breeds."6 This shows that back in Britain, the army's reputation was being heavily affected by the Crimean war, due to the large challenge that faced the army.

  2. Evaluate the development of social policy in the area of Housing

    New towns sprang up in South Wales, the West Midlands, Lancashire and Yorkshire. [Class handout] The Trade and Craft centres grew into cities such as Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, Coventry and Sheffield. In 1750 only two cities in Britain had populations over 50,000.

  1. Anything but Ordinary - California.

    However grim the situation was for the miners, the gold rush did provide for the nations largest migration and instantly put California on the map. The sudden surge in the population was an important factor in California's acceptance into the Union in 1850.

  2. Politics in American.

    democrat, 99% percent of the time the article will be biased to show the interviewee. Before you write me off as a right wing, off base conservative it does work both ways. If the article is about a democrat and the author is a republican, it will usually slant towards

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work