Winston Churchill: A British Statesman.
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Winston Churchill: A British Statesman Bobby Sullivan POLS 4000 Dr. Conradt 30 July 2004 Winston Churchill: A British Statesman Political scientists have always been extremely fascinated with the inner workings and sources of political drive within world leaders. Dr. James Barber departed from the psychoanalytic approach and devised a framework of his own. Barber uses a different approach to classify a leader; he begins with the person in office and works backward. Barber places utmost importance on the leader's personal effort and his/her attitude towards that effort. The relationship between the two aspects is what Barber relies on to make his classification. According to Barber, there are four types of leaders active-positive, active-negative, passive-positive, and passive-negative. Barber Framework The four different classifications in Barber's framework are based on the personality and attitude of the leader. The active-positive group is well balanced and achievement oriented. They are extremely active in the everyday functions of the office and have an optimistic world view. The second group, active-negative leaders, is similar to the active-positive leaders in that they are active and goal oriented but they have a second agenda. They are working for the people, but they do so in order to fill a void in themselves, not in the service of man. The third group begins the passive side of the matrix and seems to be much less involved in the everyday operations of the office than the active classifications.
The speeches that Churchill made in the House of Commons gained him support, but his radio broadcasts had the most influence (Ball, 2003). Churchill did not push simple survival as the British objective during WWII; he painted Britain as a defender of freedom, tolerance, and justice against those who would see to the demise of such values. Churchill was a positive and inspiring speaker during a time when little positive and inspiring news was present. Personal Relationships The men around Churchill trusted his judgment in times when a politician's ideas would have usually been dismissed. The background and experience Churchill had in the military afforded him a measure of credibility that is often absent in a politician's character. "From the outset there was no doubt as to who was in charge, and Churchill's authority was rarely questioned" (Ball, 2003). The fact that those around him knew his will and usually abided it did not mean that he did not rely on professionals when the times called for it. The leadership style of Churchill was obviously a take charge approach and was loyal to his staff as long as they completed their tasks. Churchill was not afraid to replace a commander, "when he lost confidence in their drive he could be brutal about replacing them", Ball goes on to say that Churchill's actions were necessary and "rarely capricious" (2003).
When a person is surrounded by the best and brightest total involvement may not be the best route to take. Churchill was difficult to classify because he demonstrated characteristics that could have been interpreted several different ways. He had intense drive to succeed and thought very highly of his own abilities; perhaps this is why he saw fit to involve himself in every aspect of his office. The accounts and biographies written on world leaders are often skewed to the feelings of the writer so accurate information on personality and ambition can often be difficult to find. Churchill was born into a family with extensive political history but little political success. The drive and determination that Churchill demonstrated may have been solely for his our personal desire to achieve. Churchill guided Britain through near destruction and no matter his motives the service he provided allowed the country to push through and defeat the Axis Powers in WWII. The Barber framework does not lend enough importance to the goals a leader is able to reach during his or her time in office. A President such as Carter is classified as active-positive and contributed little if any to the advancement of American society. Leaders such as Johnson are classified as active-negative, but they sometimes deal with much greater issues while in office. Leaders do not dictate all the events that take place while they are in office and it seems like accomplishments of leaders should have a greater deal of importance than Barber allows them.
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