• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critical appraisal

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critical appraisal of article entitled: "Obesity in people with intellectual disabilities: the impact of nurse-led health screenings and health promotion services" Marshall et al 2003(p1). This assignment will be based on a critical appraisal of the before mentioned article. The appraisal will include discussion of the title, authors, and topic discussed. Also included will be comments on the structure of the article, the methodology used and the research findings, whilst discussing any ethical issues that need to be addressed. Finally, in conclusion I will summarize my findings. The title in an article is very important as it is this that first draws someone to read it, as Cormack (1996) states "it is extremely important for a research publication to have meaningful and non ambiguous title", (p382). He goes on to say "it is the title which clarifies the topic of the research being described and gives the potential reader an indication of the content",(p382). Although the title is long, it is felt that it needs to be in order to describe the research topic and the content of the article in brief. Therefore giving, as much information, at a glance as possible. The authors of the article are all in a position academically, clinically and professionally to research their chosen topic. Each author has a background qualification in learning disabilities and has experience in this field. ...read more.

Middle

Academically the aims of the study are important as the findings of the research will assist future researchers on this and similar topics and the findings will assist health care professionals that are involved in the care of clients that are overweight or obese and who also have intellectual disabilities. It could be argued here that the hypothesis is to prove that the necessary follow up of these individuals will not be undertaken, as in the introduction of the report it states that "the physical health and well-being of people with intellectual disabilities has not been promoted to the same extent as with non disabled people" (Marshall et al 2003, p2). Although the report itself reads more, like it wants to investigate and alter any negligent practice towards the clients than necessarily prove a hypothesis. It is not essential to formulate a hypothesis. (Ogier, 1998). Therefore I feel this particular article doesn't have a research hypothesis. The article is a mix between qualitative research, that is as identified by Ogier (1998) "research which paints a picture in words and aims to identify concepts and common themes" (p84) and quantitative research which is described by Ogier as "research in which the data is numerical and seeks to test hypothesis by statistical analysis of the data"(p84). The type of research study used within the study is descriptive research which Ogier describes as "the researcher tries to describe accurately the findings derived from careful, systematic collection and recording of information or data" (p39) ...read more.

Conclusion

The discussion of the article carefully discusses the findings in a detailed manner. The presentation of the tables was a helpful way of disseminating the findings and the conclusion is well structured and thoroughly evaluates the findings, whilst confirming that people with intellectual disabilities who are overweight or obese need more specialist services to promote health. The study more or less proved that if these types of services are offered to this particular client group they are accessed on a regular basis. The results mostly agree with other reports on this particular topic, although this study found that "unlike past studies, no significant differences were found among males and females in levels of obesity" (Marshall, 2003, p8). The conclusion extends beyond the results and discusses ways in which nurse led health promotion activities can help reduce weight in the clients. The professional implications, for people involved in the care of people, with intellectual disabilities are that health promotion and education needs to be more widespread among these individuals and more readily available. The report suggests that future research could target overweight adolescents with intellectual disabilities so that it can be understood what influences their developing lifestyles and eating habits. The references used, suggest a vast amount of research was carried out on this topic whilst conducting this study. They also allow the possibility of further studying on this topic. The referencing is accurately documented, only a few minor grammatical mistakes are noticed throughout the article. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Nursing section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Nursing essays

  1. Nursing Case Study

    Explanation of what is expected from the intervention including both parties took place and feedback was given to the MDT. The rationale for choice, the objectives, and carols feelings regarding this, were included. Evaluation of its effectiveness took the form of verbal in our regular meetings.

  2. A critique of a research article from a professional journal

    For example, instead of the CMH test, the Chi squared test could have been employed: both are non-parametric tests and both look for significance between two variables (Parahoo, 2006). Ethically, the study appears quite sound on face value. Hek and Moule (2006)

  1. A critical incident report

    the suspected tuberculosis more seriously and to move her into the side room, into isolation, and take swabs to test for tuberculosis. The staff nurse tried to contact the link worker to come and explain to Mrs. Khan why she needed to be moved, however the link worker was not there and a message was left to contact the ward.

  2. HOSPITAL CASE ANALYSIS. This case study takes place at a hospital and is based ...

    From this all other solution alternatives will ensue. While breaking down the present authoritarian structure on the floor, this statement should acknowledge job rotation, self-directing work team, group meeting, 360 evaluations and empowerment. Implementation: The heads of each floor, together with a representative of each group of employees on the floor (students, older nurses, doctors, cleaning staff, etc)

  1. Inpatient case study

    Her APTT, fibrinogen levels were also increased in her coagulation studies. Her tumor marker examination revealed Carbohydrate antigen (CA 19-9) which is a Lewis blood group - related mucin with the result of 4080U/ml when the normal should be less than 25U/ml.

  2. Evidence based pratice - conducting a literature search and appraisal of research based on ...

    Type 2 diabet $ 15701 437 5120 25139 3 Type II diabet $ 1131 7 346 2676 4 Non insulin dependent diabet $ 308 10 8441 41152 5 NIDDM 305 7 469 3195 6 Search for 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 22680 456 9604 45192 Intervention

  1. Counselling Case Study

    I did not address these issues. Therefore I allowed myself to be incongruent. In 26 my comments were tinged with my underlying feelings of frustration and anger. I was beginning to become transparent. Maybe it was this factor, which played a part in making Mrs.

  2. Health Promotion

    However on closer inspection the baby did not appear to be attaching well and had poor weight gain. The health visitor recommended taking the baby off the nipple using a finger and reattaching, making sure the nipple touches the soft palate of the baby's mouth, the baby then has enough soft breast tissue in it's mouth to feed comfortably.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work