• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe any one approach to identity. Discuss how this approach can help to explain the identities of people with disabilities.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe any one approach to identity. Discuss how this approach can help to explain the identities of people with disabilities. Introduction Identity is the term used to describe who a person is in the way they see and react to the world around them. Identity is constructed by how we see ourselves and how we think other people perceive us. For decades, (the first psychological theory of identity being created by William James, 1890) psychologists have conducted research into this field in order to understand how people make sense of the world and how they go about their everyday lives. At the present day there are three main approaches to identity: Erik Erikson and James Marcia's psychosocial approach; Henri Tajfel's Social Identity Theory (SIT); and Social Constructionist theories. All three approaches can be applied to the identity of people with disabilities but for the purpose of this essay I will be focusing on the Social Constructionist theories. This is mainly because I feel that social constructionism it is the theory that allows a more fluid approach to the identities of people with disabilities. For example, Erikson and Marcia's psychosocial approach, although has scope to explain the identities of those with disabilities in adolescence through normative crisis, it can be argued that it then ignores any significant changes in later life. ...read more.

Middle

This contradicts Erikson and Marcia's psychosocial theory and Tajfel's SIT approach and could even be seen as a criticism to the social contrusctionism theory as it goes against the view of ourselves having a stable identity: a stable sense of who we are. However, it could then be argued that we develop one continuous identity in our autobiographical narratives of ourselves as having a stable identity. Other factors of the social constructionist theories are: we use our identities to negotiate everyday interactions; there are differences between people who belong to the same social category and identity involves power relations. I will explain these points in a little more detail as I apply them to the identities of people with disabilities. Social constructionist approach to the identities of people with disabilities In order to discuss identity, especially in relation to disability, I would have to explain the concept of embodiment. Embodiment is an important factor in all three identity theories. It indicates that as we live through our bodies, we experience them physically and biologically at the same time as socially and psychologically. It is easier to be conscious of the importance of our bodies when they do not work as well - especially those who acquire a disability at some point of their life. ...read more.

Conclusion

In my opinion if identity is constructed socially one person's identity can be extremely diverse. In this day and age, with the help of technology, we could completely change our identities through social networking sites such as Facebook and other chat sites. Facebook in particular allows you to create your own website with your front page being your identity. It allows you to publicise your beliefs and to post your feelings as and when you wish and adds these feelings to your 'status' which is available to be seen by all your 'friends'. This means in effect you could create your online identity as you wish. And as in our culture today, your online identity is easy accessible and can account for a large part of our identities as social sites such as these become a part of everyday life. Conclusion Not one theory can answer all questions on identity. How we view the world and how we see other people, names we have for certain groups of people proves that language is imperative to S.C. We actively construct our identities according to the social situation we are in. Social relations. NEGOTIATE "Bruner (1990) suggests that 'we make ourselves' and our identities through the stories about ourselves that we tell others and ourselves (our autobiographical narratives)" (as cited in Phoenix, 2007, p. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This essay aims to discuss identity theory in relation to disabled people. There is some good work noted

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 08/10/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The purpose of this assignment is to complete a health needs assessment within a ...

    4 star(s)

    associated with smoking giving them advice and support to quit, this was then followed by the ban on tobacco advertising. The country has also seen an increased in age from which cigarette could be bought from 16 to18 in an attempt to prevent younger people smoking.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Health promotion. This essay will discuss the definitions of health promotion and empowerment, and ...

    4 star(s)

    model "Health Education: communication activity aimed at enhancing well-being and preventing ill-health through favourably influencing the knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and behaviour of the community. Health Protection: refers to the policies and codes of practice aimed at preventing ill-health or positively enhancing well-being, for example, no smoking in public places.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The problem for unpaid carers is that they have few rights and resources but ...

    4 star(s)

    Respite may be provided through the local authority as a result of the carers? assessment. There are different forms of respite care available to carers (The Royal Princes Trust for Carers, 2005-2010). Firstly, there is residential respite where the service user goes away to be looked after by someone else for a period of time.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    A personalised induction will always be more effective. Discuss. Base your answer on the ...

    4 star(s)

    This can be done quite easily by chatting, observing and general discussion. The client can be scored on their appearance, behaviour and personality which can give the therapist a clearer insight to them. This is to avoid unnecessary stress and also to avoid any interruption of the hypnotic process.

  1. This essay will focus on inter-professional working in health and social care delivery.

    Different professions have differing views on status, which could and did lead to clashes in communication and joint working. Irvine et al (2002) suggested interprofessional relationships are distorted by mutual mistrust and hostility.

  2. The aim of this assignment is to critically evaluate the biopsychosocial perspectives and influences ...

    Due to high demands clinics are often full with allotted times, over-running on appointments can cause a knock on effect with other appointments, with the biopsychosocial model not being used to its full potential. Hepworth, and Cushman, (2005), believe that the biopsychosocial model has not fully replaced the biomedical model

  1. What are the main challenges faced by mature students studying Healthcare courses in Higher ...

    Recently, widening participation programmes have also surfaced to further broaden social catchment (Johnston 2003). Mature students arrive at University at different stages in life, bringing different responsibilities, expectations and skills which present differing challenges and obstacles to those students of traditional age (Fleming & Murphy 1997).

  2. Hypnotherapy and Counselling Skills. In this essay I will be looking at the methods ...

    Modalities The word 'modality' refers to a certain type of information and/or the representation format in which information is stored. The 'medium' is the method whereby this information is delivered to the senses of the interpreter.2 As the brain receives information from our senses it represents it internally in a way that allows us to gain access to it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work