• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the Relationship between Stress, Anxiety, Habits and Phobias and Describe How You Would Treat these Issues with Hypnotherapy

Extracts from this document...


________________ Discuss the Relationship between Stress, Anxiety, Habits and Phobias and Describe How You Would Treat these Issues with Hypnotherapy In this essay I shall seek to define stress, anxiety, habits and phobias. I shall explore their individual attributes and symptoms and how they may be related. I will also explain methods of treatment for such neurotic conditions, as I have seen fit and the ethical issues that I believe would need to be considered. Stress and anxiety are often coined together, almost into one phrase; where there is one, you will find the other. However there is a distinction between the two and as a therapist it is crucial that one is aware of this. Stress is a response to an external stimulant, resulting in feelings of frustration, anger and/or indeed, anxiety. Stress is in fact a biological reaction to outside pressures. These pressures can vary from work, family, or social changes, to simple changes in one?s environment, to major life changes. All these situations stimulate the age old ?fight or flight? response, thereby pumping the body with adrenaline and heightening the senses in preparation to respond. Of course this is not such a negative reaction, indeed in evolutionary terms it would have been this very reaction that has allowed the human race to continue to exist and flourish, however, there is a point at which this ceases to be healthy and begins to have negative consequences. ...read more.


This is when a person is under a great deal of stress in one aspect of their life but it manifests as a phobia in another cause. For example a person who is highly stressed at work may develop a phobia of a bridge they have to pass on their way to work, thereby ?displacing? their stress from work, to the bridge. A phobia may also be caused by a series of negative personal experiences that strengthen each other. For example a person may have been pushed under water in the bath tub by a mischievous sibling as a child, they may then have had an experience of not managing to stay afloat at their first swimming lesson on another occasion they may have watched a movie depicting a danger in the water and thus have over time developed a fear of being in water. Similar to anxieties, phobias too can be learned or even inherited. If a person has grown up witnessing their mother scream and panic at the sight of a spider, the likelihood is they too will develop this fear of spiders. A phobia may also be the result of a severe past trauma. If a person has a strongly emotional experience, this may create an unreasonable fear of that circumstance. (Hadley and Staudacher) Finally, there are habits. Habits are those behaviours people commit without giving them any thought. The brain is a complex organ that is required to deal consciously with an infinite number of stimuli, therefore it relegates some actions to ...read more.


Prior to practising any of these techniques though, it would be of the utmost importance that the client is well relaxed, especially when considering Wolpe?s work and his perfectly logical and well established assertion that anxiety and tension cannot co-exist with relaxation and peace of mind. If the process of arousing anxiety and then repressing it by relaxation can be repeated then this will reduce overall anxiety. In fact Karle and Boy state, ?If this cycle is repeated frequently enough, the anxiety produced in reaction to the original stimulus, even if biologically appropriate, will be extinguished.? As has been mentioned, most of these behaviours are as a result of learned beliefs, therefore reframing would also be a crucial tool. Someone with a bad habit can be made to focus on all the benefits of abandoning their habit. In addition to this they can be encouraged to allow their powerful subconscious minds to find an alternative, healthier means to seeking out the objective they believed they were achieving when engaging in the negative habit. In conclusion, it is evident from the essay that while each of the conditions has distinct characteristics, there are many overlaps and much potential for one condition to lead to another and to perpetuate a degenerative cycle of negative behaviours for the client. Individual cases need individual care and concern, in particular with regards to surmising what the root cause of the behaviour is. Each case also requires individual tailoring of therapy, but there are general techniques and strategies that may be applied across the conditions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. This essay will critically examine the cultural and behavioural explanations of class differences in ...

    "demonstrated that the mortality from cardiovascular disease is elevated among men whose birth weight was low or who were particularly thin" From the discussion above there is a link between behaviour (smoking) and low birth weight and finally poor health and high mortality rate to babies or adults born will low weight.

  2. Assess the extent to which modern medicine challenges personal autonomy and well being in ...

    (Illich, 1976: 133) Illich's argument is that all humans are subject to pain, sickness and death. All cultures have developed means to help people cope with each of these three elements. Unfortunately modern medicine has destroyed these cultural and individual capacities; instead it gives an inhuman attempt to defeat pain, sickness and death.

  1. Hypnotherapy and Counselling Skills. In this essay I will look at the origins of ...

    Quite often during this period there would be drums beating or continuous chanting. The common factor here was that they were rhythmic and monotonous - the repetition and constancy allowing the shaman's sub-conscious mind to become strongly focused and to allow him to enter a trance-like state.

  2. The importance of optimism

    This mechanism is founded on the premise that each thought and emotion is a message to the rest of the body, mediated by an intricate array of nerve signals, hormones, and various other substances. In optimists, the thoughts and emotions are processed in a way that helps them resist depression.

  1. Give an account of the most significant theoretical issues which underpin the practice of ...

    Traditional analysts have their clients lie on a couch as the therapist takes notes and interprets the client's thoughts. Psychodynamic Approach Freud work on this approach seeks to describe how behavior is driven or influences by unconscious factors. During psychodynamic therapy, a therapist will help a person consider how their

  2. Hypnosis and Counselling for Self Esteem.Using the Case Study of Mr. X, Identify and ...

    Having satisfied myself that he is not suffering from any psychosis, and neither is he on any psychotropic medication nor dependent on alcohol or drugs, would I proceed to devise a course of treatment for him. Mr X is undoubtedly a capable man in his field at work.

  1. Each year 1 million people die from malaria. Discuss whether these deaths are avoidable ...

    Another way to try and prevent the spread of malaria is use of insecticides. Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is recommended by the WHO, (WHO Malaria Report 2010, Page 17) an insecticide is sprayed on indoor walls, meaning that as the mosquito comes to rest after feeding it is killed by the uptake of insecticide through its feet.

  2. Use of Hypnotherapy in the treatment of Cancer patients

    Hypnotherapy can offer a lot by way of relief from the many emotional and physical pains that the patient may be suffering from and this in itself is significant enough an achievement as cancer can be such a debilitating illness, such eases that hypnotherapy can provide would be a great relief to the patient.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work